|STATE OF THE ART LECTURES||KEYNOTE ADDRESSES||ADDRESSES BY FORMER CPA PRESIDENTS|
|PRESENTATIONS BY INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS|
STATE OF THE ART LECTURES
Focus of Lecture: Commitment at Work: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Sponsoring Division: Industrial/Organizational/Work
Focus of Lecture: Epigenetic processes mediating between environments, experiences and mental health; therapeutic and diagnostic implications
Focus of Lecture: Leader's mental health at work
Sponsoring Division: Industrial/Organizational/Work
Martin S. Hagger
Focus of Lecture: Developing a system for describing relationships among constructs in theories applied to health behaviour: An approach based on process diagrams
Sponsoring Division: Sport and Exercise
Focus of Lecture: Mental health consequences of terrorist attacks
Sponsoring Division: Clinical; Community
Focus of Lecture: Bullying and Peer Victimization in Children and Youth
Sponsoring Division: Education, School and Instruction
Focus of Lecture: Good practices in development, implementation, and evaluation of health behavior change programs
Sponsoring Division: Health Psychology
Focus of Lecture: Workplace Design can Help Employee Well-being, Improve Organizational Productivity, and Solve Environmental Problems
Sponsoring Division: Environmental
Senior Lecturer in Psychological Methods and Statistics & Chair of Ethics, School of Psychology, University of Kent
Elected Member of the Council of the International Test Commission
Focus of Lecture: Solving the problems of ipsative data: The common framework for proper scaling of comparative response formats
Sponsoring Division: Psychological Assessment and Evaluation
To avoid rating biases in personality and similar questionnaires, researchers may use preference response formats. These include the popular forced choice, where respondents rank a number of items, and more complex Q-sorts, where ranking with ties is obtained. Researchers may also collect the extent to which items are preferred to each other, for example by rating items as the “proportion-of-total” (compositional format). Preferences collected with such formats are relative within the person, leading to major psychometric challenges – interpersonally incomparable (ipsative) data. Since measurement of individual differences requires absolute position on the traits of interest, new treatment of ipsative data is required.
The talk will present the Thurstonian scaling approach, which enables proper measurement of individual differences from all types of ipsative data. I will start with the Thurstonian IRT model for forced-choice questionnaires, and extend this IRT model to graded preferences. I will then show how the “proportion-of-total” data can be easily treated in the same Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) framework with continuous outcomes. This unified approach will be demonstrated with empirical data analysis examples, including well-known personality questionnaires. I will conclude with a discussion of best practice in ipsative measurement, including suggestions of good questionnaire designs and considerations for minimizing response biases.
Focus of Lecture: The opposing processes model of competition
Stevan E. Hobfoll
Focus of Lecture: Terrorist Threat: A Story of Trauma, Resilience, and Political Decay
Focus of Lecture: Using contextual and personal resources to manager our environmental constraints and design our lives
Focus of Lecture: Understanding and solving mutual radicalization: When groups and nations drive each other to extremes
ADDRESSES BY FORMER CPA PRESIDENTS
Dr. Kenneth Craig, CPA President 1986-1987
Symposium: Applying our understanding of the psychosocial parameters of pain
Dr. Patrick O’Neill, CPA President 2003-2004
Keynote: Psychology and social responsibility: Some merits and demerits
Many ethics codes in psychology make reference to the discipline's social responsibility. The CPA Code, for instance, has "Responsibility to Society" as one of its four core principles. Both the CPA and the APA Codes refer to international law as a guiding value.
Nevertheless psychology has been found on both sides of controversial issues. Race is a key example. At Ellis Island psychometrists used the skills they had honed with the Army Alpha and Beta tests to guide immigration policies leading to outrageous stereotyping of racial, national, and religious groups (Russian Jews, Irish Catholics).
On the other hand, psychologists were involved in de-segregating schools; the work of Kenneth and Mamie Clark informed the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown versus the Board of Education, which found that separate education is inherently unequal education.
Among other social issues, psychologists have worked for equal marriage (and adoption policies) in both the U.S. and Canada; APA and CPA have taken stands against the death penalty. As a consequence of psychologists' involvement in "enhanced interrogation" at Guantanamo Bay, psychological associations have adopted anti-torture stances in line with international law.
These and other aspects of the interface between psychology and society will be discussed in this talk.
Dr. Wolfgang Linden, CPA President 2014-2015
Keynote: The role of Psychology in heart disease and cancer: Observations on similarities and differences made during a professional lifetime
Subtopics for each disease that will be compared : Patient emotional response; professionals’ response to working with these patients, design problems in tx studies, Effects of psychol tx; effects of risk factor reduction on tertiary prevention; gender differences
PRESENTATIONS BY INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS
Address by President, Dr. Rolando Díaz-Loving