Lauren Behrman (USA)
Focus of Lecture: International Collaborations in Training to Advance Psychotherapy
Nominating Division/Section: International and Cross-Cultural Psychology
Abstract: This symposium will address international collaborations in creating culturally relevant theoretical constructs, training clinicians and providing psychological services across cultures. The commonalities and challenges across cultures will be highlighted. A theoretical model entitled Mountain Stream Therapy will be introduced which integrates Oriental philosophy with Western counseling strategies. Ethical considerations in the delivery of psychological services to highly vulnerable persons cross-culturally will be discussed. Adapting Western models to training Chinese mental health professionals in their work with family conflict, and in University counseling settings with vulnerable college students will be described. Research that adapts integrative counseling for use in coaching junior scientists in the workplace will be presented. The impact of this work to develop collaborations and trainings has added to our knowledge of working internationally.
Bio: Lauren Behrman, Ph.D. is a licensed clinical psychologist, mediator, parent coordinator, collaborative divorce professional, author, teacher, and speaker. She is currently a member of the boards of directors of Division 42 APA and Association of Family and Conciliation Courts-NY, and past president of AFCC-NY. She is the co-author of "Loving Your Children More than You Hate Each Other", and numerous professional articles and chapters. She has been elected Fellow of the American Psychological Association and National Academies of Practice. Dr. Behrman is in independent practice in Manhattan and Westchester, NY
Affiliation: Private Practice, New York, USA
Yiqun Gan (China)
Focus of Lecture: Coping with Stress and Adversity Using Positive Psychological Resources: Effects of Resilience, Future Orientation, and Social Support
Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine
Abstract: Psychological resources—goals, resilience, future orientation, and social-support—buffer the deleterious effects of stress and are predictors of psychological health-related outcomes. In this symposium, we aim to broaden our understanding of the effects of psychological resources in terms of five aspects: Sonia Lippke will address the role of goals in health-related behavioral change and social participation, Nancy Yu will discuss the function of resilience and vulnerability among bereaved spouses, Brian Hall will examine the protective role of social support in the association between lifetime trauma exposure and PTSD symptom severity, Lei Zheng will report the inoculative role of future orientation to regulate future emotions in Trier social stress test, Yiqun Gan will elaborate on the genetic bases of future orientation and resilience, and Ralf Schwarzer will be the discussant of this symposium. Epidemiological, longitudinal, experimental, and candidate gene approaches will be adopted to explore these issues using self-report, behavioral, and physiological measures, which represent the interdisciplinary and most up-to-date research topics and approaches in the field.
Bio: Yiqun Gan is a professor at School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, China. She received her Ph.D. from the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1998. She has published over 90 research papers as the first or corresponding author, and her papers are published in top international journals such as Journal of Personality and Health Psychology. She has been the principle investigator of a number of research projects funded by the National Science Foundation of China. She was invited to present as a Transversal Keynote Speaker at the International Congress of Applied Psychology in 2014, and to convene an Invited Symposium at the International Congress of Psychology in 2012. She currently serves as an associate editor in Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, as well as an editorial board member of Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being, and Stress and Health. Her research on future orientation and resilience has embraced numerous state-of-the-art techniques such as laboratory experiments, molecular genetics, physiological indexes, eye tracking, and ERP. She has been awarded the title of “Recognized Psychologist” by the Chinese Psychological Society in 2016.
Affiliation: Peking University, Beijing, China
Esther Geva (Canada)
Focus of Lecture: International Perspectives on Language and Literacy Development of Struggling Readers: From Research to Practice
Nominating Division/Section: Education and School Psychology Section
Symposium Summary: This symposium brings together an international group of researchers whose work focuses on struggling readers in diverse geographical and educational contexts. Relevant to researchers and school psychologists alike, the issues addressed include: What are the sources of word reading and reading comprehension difficulties? Are these difficulties language/orthography specific? Can one distinguish difficulties associated with deprivation or lack of proficiency in the L2 from difficulties associated with a learning disability (LD)? Can one reliably identify LD in the L2? How early can these difficulties be identified and treated? Can we identify principles of early assessment, prevention, and intervention that are generalizable across contexts and orthographies? Shany’s work with Hebrew speakers shows that poor comprehenders with poor accuracy or poor fluency differ significantly in their reading comprehension profiles. In her work in rural Colombia Ramirez demonstrates that not all spelling errors are made equal, and that the nature of Spanish spelling errors is different for disadvantaged and dyslexic children. Genesee et al demonstrate how early performance in English (the L1) can predict subsequent difficulties in French (L2) of children attending French Immersion programs in Canada. Relatedly, in her work with immigrant children to Canada (ELLs), Geva and colleagues show that already in grade 2, distinct combinations of cognitive, linguistic and basic reading profiles of ELLs foretell grade 4 sub-group membership. Finally, in work initiated in Finland and implemented in other countries Lyytinen will discuss the efficacy of computerized, carefully calibrated, dynamic assessment tools for early identification and intervention across countries and languages.
Bio: Esther Geva studied in Israel, the US, and Canada. She is a Full Professor in the department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, OISE/University of Toronto, and a licensed psychologist. Esther’s work straddles the broad areas of educational psychology, cross-cultural psychology, and bilingualism. Her research, publications, graduate teaching and supervision relate to: (1) how language and literacy skills develop in children, adolescents and young adults learning to read in a second language (L2); (2) the nature of the relationships between oral language skills and the development of reading and writing skills in L2 learners; (3) transfer issues in L2 literacy development; (4) the contribution of cognitive, linguistic, and background factors to literacy development of typical and atypical L2 learners, (5) approaches to effective intervention with at-risk and vulnerable learners; and (6) cross-cultural psychology pertaining to the well-being of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) learners. Esther published numerous chapters and articles in these areas, has presented her work internationally, and served on various advisory, policy, and review committees in the US and Canada, concerned with CLD, including the National Literacy Panel (NLP). Esther, a Canadian Council on Learning Minerva Scholar, is committed to knowledge mobilization. A book that she co-authored with her colleague, Judy Wiener, Psychological Assessment of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Children was published by Springer in 2015. Another book, co-written with a former student and now a colleague, Gloria Ramirez (2015), Key Concepts for the Language Classroom: Focus on Reading was published in 2015 by Oxford University Press.
Affiliation: Professor, School and Clinical Child Psychology
Department of Applied Psychology & Human Development, OISE/University of Toronto, Canada
Maria del Pilar Grazioso (Guatemala )
Focus of Lecture: Through The Cultural Landscape Of Psychotherapy: An International Horizon
Nominating Division/Section: International and Cross-Cultural
Abstract: This symposium will enhance our understanding of psychotherapy by emphasizing the relevance of considering it through and enhanced cultural framework. Participants will share their perspectives from different parts of the Americas and Asia, i.e., India offering a wide myriad of possibilities to expand cultural psychotherapy trends in order to address diverse population needs that move away from a narrow emphasis in race and ethnicity will broaden the spectrum to a more inclusive and useful clinical schema. Aiming towards honoring clients and therapists´ characteristics, it will expand on culture-related barriers that may act as major source of bias leading to problems in therapy initiation, continuation and its success. Acknowledgment of ecological values, multicultural competences, the interrelation of culture-bound concepts such as world view, spirit of community, family power, locus of control among others issues, and integrative models will contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of urban and rural culture-bound syndromes that might compromise wellbeing. Considerations, suggestions, and recommendations will be discussed in lieu of developing culturally relevant therapeutic relationships that can enable us to move towards a more effective cultural psychotherapy.
Bio: María del Pilar Grazioso is the director of the Doctoral Program in Applied Psychology and the master’s program in Community Psychology at Universidad del Valle de Guatemala and co-coordinates Proyecto Aiglé, Guatemala and is a member at the Taos Institute. She has coordinated and supervised community and clinical internships, research projects, and administrated programs at the undergraduate and graduate level. She received the Division 52 Outstanding International Psychologist Award in 2010 and was recognized by the Colegio de Psicólogos de Guatemala. She has served in several leadership positions in the Interamerican Society of Psychology, worked as editor for several journals, and as associate editor of the Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies. Currently she is Faculty Advisor for the Psi Chi, Guatemalan Chapter, serves as Guatemala Liason for Div 52 of the American Psychological Association and participates in APA Div. 29 International Committee. She is most interested in multicultural counseling and psychotherapy, supervision, working alliance, infant assessment, prevention and resilience, and community psychotherapy.
Affiliation: The TAOS Institute
Universidad del Valle de Guatemala
Esther Greenglass (Canada)
Focus of Lecture: Economic Stress and Psychological Factors: Theoretical and Empirical Implications
Nominating Division/Section: Division 9: Economic Psychology
Abstract: Increasingly psychologists are recognizing that economic stress can be an important factor in decreasing psychological health and well-being. Psychological theory can contribute to increased understanding of the processes involved in the development of economic distress and its consequences. This symposium consists of five original empirical studies that focus on crucial factors that contribute to the development of economic stress and its consequences for behaviour. Research is also presented here that investigates the role of psychological resources in lessening the deleterious effects of economic distress. The papers present experimental and questionnaire data from 3 countries: Canada, France and Germany that are interpreted according to several psychological theories. For example, in one paper, social representation theory is employed to help understand social knowledge associated with critical economic events such as the recent economic downturn. Additional research presented here underlines the importance of the role of appraisal of financial threat as a mediator on stress, anxiety job burnout and willingness to protest. In three of the papers, the behavioural reactions to economic deterioration are examined, such as, willingness to undertake economic action and intention to engage in constructive financial behaviours that would lessen distress and thereby increase psychological well-being. In one of these papers, they develop a self-report scale, “Willingness to change financial behaviour”, that assesses motivation to change one’s behaviour that would decrease stress. Another paper reports that economic hardship moderates the relationship between financial threat and constructive financial behaviour. In another paper, an experimental paradigm is used to explore the causal relationship between economic stress, financial threat and anxiety. This research reports that self-compassion, a psychological resource, may play an important role in decreasing economic distress in difficult economic times. The role of psychological resources is further explored in a study that reports that employability mediated effects of self-esteem and self-efficacy on job burnout Taken together, these papers are at the forefront of research in the economic behavioural sphere, integrating economic and psychological factors with psychological theory that increase our understanding of the development of economic stress and its consequences for behaviour. The research presented here also contributes to the area of occupational health by integrating the study of economic factors with variables studied in the development of burnout including employability,for example. In addition to their theoretical importance, these papers have applied implications for behaviour that can be used to develop interventions and policy to decrease economic distress and improve psychological well-being especially during turbulent economic times.
Bio: Esther Greenglass is professor of Psychology at York University in Toronto, Canada. She has served as president of IAAP’s Division 8, Health Psychology. She is a Fellow of CPA, APA and IAAP. She has published widely in the areas of gender roles, work-family issues, coping, burnout and stress and more recently, economic stress. Her work appears in a wide variety of academic journals, in edited volumes on emotion, work stress and coping as well as in encyclopedia chapters. She has co-authored The Proactive Coping Inventory, currently available on the Internet, which has been translated into 16 languages and is being used internationally to assess coping skills. Professor Greenglass has presented papers and invited addresses at international psychology conferences in North America, South America, Europe and Asia. Currently she heads an international consortium of psychologists studying psychological factors relating to financial threat, economic hardship and their behavioural implications. Integrating economic and psychological factors, this work contributes to the growing body of research that focuses on understanding the relationship between emotional and motivational factors, and behaviour in the economic sphere.
Affiliation: York University, Toronto, Canada
Heather Hadjistavropoulos (Canada)
Focus of Lecture: Improving Access to Mental Health Services via the Internet: Opportunities and Challenges
Nominating Division/Section: Clinical; Psychologists in Hospitals & Health Centres: Rural & Northern
Abstract: Anxiety and depressive disorders are prevalent and disabling conditions that are frequently under-treated. Common barriers to receiving psychological services include limited time and mobility, concerns about privacy, as well as a desire to self-manage symptoms. Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) has significant potential to improve patient access to evidenced-based care and to overcome treatment barriers. In ICBT, patients are typically assessed for suitability or diagnosis in some format (online, telephone, in person) and then if appropriate given access to self-help treatment materials via the Internet. ICBT is often accompanied by therapist support using secure emails or telephone calls, but at times blended with in person sessions. Research trials of ICBT have been very encouraging showing positive symptom improvement that is maintained over time and comparable to face-to-face CBT. Given the promising research findings, teams around the world have been involved in implementing ICBT in routine care. Implementation varies to some extent along a number of dimensions including implementation setting, funding, inclusion/exclusion criteria, screening and assessment procedures, nature of programs, as well as amount and type of therapist support. In this symposium, leaders in ICBT implementation from Australia (Nick Titov), Canada (Heather Hadjistavropoulos), Sweden (Viktor Kaldo), and the Netherlands (Heleen Riper) will describe their involvement/approach to ICBT implementation and also describe findings related to reach and effectiveness. Each presenter will also describe challenges and opportunities related to implementation. The presentations will be followed by a panel discussion during which the presenters will comment on similarities and differences in implementation approaches, reach and effectiveness, challenges and opportunities, including a discussion of potential benefits of international collaboration. The symposium is expected to foster a broader understanding of strategies for optimally implementing ICBT to improve patient access to mental health care.
Bio: Dr. Heather Hadjistavropoulos is a Professor of Psychology and Founder and Director of the Online Therapy Unit (onlinetherapyuser.ca) at the University of Regina. She has led or co-led over 37 research grants (with over $7 million CAD in grant funding) and published and presented widely on the assessment and treatment of anxiety and depression and on initiatives to improve health care delivery (over 140 publications). Since 2010, via the Online Therapy Unit, Dr. Hadjistavropoulos has focussed on researching and improving the reach, adoption, effectiveness, and implementation of internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) in clinical practice. With more than $3 million CAD in funding from granting agencies and government contracts, this unit has: 1) overseen the development of a web application and policies and procedures for the delivery of ICBT; 2) collaborated with international experts to disseminate previously developed ICBT programs; 3) trained over 200 community providers and graduate students on how to use ICBT; and 4) as of Fall 2017, coordinated, monitored and evaluated the delivery of ICBT with over 2500 clients in 12 clinic settings. The Online Therapy Unit is having a substantial impact on mental health care in Saskatchewan and inspiring similar initiatives in other Canadian provinces.
Affiliation: University of Regina
Professor of Psychology & Director, Online Therapy Unit
Certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, CACBT
Zhi-Jin Hou (China)
Focus of Lecture: Career Development Service in the 21st Century
Nominating Division/Section: Counselling
Abstract: Career development issue is a big challenge for university students as well as employees in the 21 century. In this symposium, we aim to explore how to provide better career service to students and employees from diverse background, in order to facilitate their career development to cope with difficulties and challenges. Hsiu-Lan Tien will examine the similarities and differences of career services provided by Beijing Normal University and Taiwan Normal University using ecosystem model. Asami Senoo & Hana Suzuki will discuss how to provide better ways of career education that meets the needs of each individual in the changing Japanese society. Natalee Popadiuk will report the professional mentoring programs for international students in Canada. Laurent Sovet and his colleagues will elaborate the implementation of meaning-centered career intervention among college students within the French context. Jing Ni will address how internet use affects employees’ career development and implications for use internet to help people.
Bio: Zhi-Jin Hou is professor of counseling in the Faculty of Psychology at Beijing Normal University, China. She got her Ph.D. from Chinese University of Hong Kong in 2002. She is now a currently Non-US based chair in the international section of counseling psychology division in APA as well as a Liaison of China in counseling psychology division of IAAP. She is a board member of Clinical and Counseling Psychology committee of Chinese Psychological Society. She is the principle investigator of research project funded by the National Social Science Foundation of China. She was invited to convene an Invited Symposium at the International Congress of Psychology in 2016.
Affiliation: Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela (Brazil)
Focus of Lecture: European Psychologists Emigrant to Latin America
Nominating Division/Section: Division 18: History of Applied Psychology
Abstract: The topic of this symposium is an analysis of the issues associated with European psychologists who migrated to Latin America, and their influence on the origin and development of Latin American psychology. It presents novel ideas and descriptions of the reasons to emigrate, the lives and scientific contributions of the European migrants, the psychological communities already in existence in the countries to which they emigrated and related issues. The presenters offer unique perspectives of the cultural context of psychology, politics, academic environments and social acceptance of the new ideas brought by the European psychologists. Among the reasons to emigrate are the two World Wars and the Spanish Civil War. The majority of the European psychologists who migrated settled down in Brazil, Argentina, Chile and Mexico, although some others lived and worked in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, and other nations. Before they emigrated, they were recognized figures in the intellectual environment of their original countries, and found in the new nations small communities of people interested in psychological issues, with information about research and applications. Special importance had developments in educational psychology, psychotechnique, experimental psychology, the reform of delinquents, child development, personnel selection, etc. Some of the migrants had direct influence on the origin of psychology as an academic and applied discipline. In other cases the influence was more indirect, through their books, scientific publications, etc. The impact was in all cases very relevant for psychology in Latin America.
Bio: Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela holds a degree in Psychology from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (1972), a Master's degree in Psychology from the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (RJ) (1980) and a Ph.D. in School and Human Development Psychology from the University of São Paulo (1996). History and Historiography of Psychology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (2004). She is an associate professor at UERJ, working in the Postgraduate Program in Social Psychology and in the Psychology Undergraduate Program. She coordinates, at UERJ, the History and Memory Laboratory of Psychology - Clio-Psyché, dedicated to research on the history of psi knowledge in Brazil and registered as a Technological Development Unit (UDT) at the Research and Graduate Sub-Rectory. She was coordinator of the Graduate Program in Social Psychology at UERJ (2001-2003, 2003-2005, 2013-2015). She is a researcher at CNPq, Scientist of Our State by Faperj and Procientista from UERJ. Participated in the group that created the Social History GT of ANPEPP, which coordinated in its first moment (2014) and currently (2016-2018). She also participated in and coordinated the History of Psychology WG of the Inter-American Society of Psychology (2011-2013; 2013/2015). She also participated in the creation and coordination of the Ibero-American Network of Researchers in the History of Psychology (RIPePH), which currently brings together over one hundred researchers from different countries. She was a member of the Evaluation Committee of the Capes Psychology Department (2004-2009), President of ABRAPSO - Brazilian Association of Social Psychology (2006-2007) and Vice President of its Regional Rio (2008-2009) as well as President of ANPEPP (National Association of Research and Post-graduation in Psychology) (2010-2012). She was Executive Secretary for South America (2013-2015, 2015-2017) and is currently Vice President for South America of the Inter-American Society of Psychology. She is President-Elect of Division 18 (History of Psychology) of the International Applied Association of Psychology (IAAP). (2014-2018). She is part of the Scientific Committee of several journals and is a thinker for national development agencies, as well as state agencies and other countries. She has been Coordinator of Faperj's Psychology Department since 2012. Her main area of interest is the history of psi knowledge and its circulation and reception, highlighting Brazil and Latin America. 2015-2017) and is currently Vice President for South America of the Inter-American Society of Psychology.
Affiliation: Laboratório de História e Memória da Psicologia - Clio-Psyché
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social - UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Editora da Seção Clio-Psyché da revista Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia - www.revispsi.uerj.br
Vice-Presidente para a América do Sul da Sociedade Interamericana de Psicologia - https://sipsych.org/about/board-of-directors/
Presidente Eleita da Divisão 18 (History of Psychology) da International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP) http://iaapsy.org/divisions/division18
Erich Kirchler (Austria)
Focus of Lecture: The Economic Psychology of Rule Compliance in Social Systems
Nominating Division/Section: Economic Psychology
Abstract: In the Symposium "The Economic Psychology of Rule Compliance in Social Systems" five researchers will present their studies on cooperation in social dilemma situations in general. They will focus predominantly on tax compliance as the result of a decision under risk. Reflections and empirical studies will be presented which test the effect of power measures such as audits and fines in case of non-cooperation, and trust building measures such as personal and social norms, distributive and procedural fairness and social representations of government and cooperation.
Bio: Erich Kirchler graduated in 1979 in psychology and human anthropology at the University of Vienna, Austria, and received his habilitation in psychology in 1989 from the University of Linz, Austria. Since 1992, he is professor of applied psychology (economic psychology) at the Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria. He was invited as guest professor at various European universities (e.g., France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland) and was visiting scholar at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA, and ANU, Canberra, Australia. He received a call for C4-professorship from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, and a call for C4-professorship from the University of Cologne, Germany. His research focuses on money management in the household, expenditures and credit use, tax behaviour and well-being. Most of the 400 scientific publications are dedicated to these research fields. Relevant books are „Wirtschaftspsychologie: Individuen, Gruppen, Märkte, Staat“ (Economic Psychology: Individuals, Groups, Markets, Nation-State) published by Hogrefe, Germany (2011; 4th edition); „Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie“ (Work and Organisational Psychology) published by Facultas, Austria (2011, 3rd edition); „Conflict and Decision Making in Close Relationships“, published by Psychology Press, UK (2001), „The Economic Psychology of Tax Behaviour“, published by Cambridge University Press, UK (2007), and Economic Psychology (with Erik Hoelzl, Cambridge University Press, 2018).
Affiliation: University of Vienna, Austria
Patrick W.L. Leung (China)
Focus of Lecture: The Design of Psychological Treatment: its Mechanisms, its Research Basis and its Efficacy/Effectiveness
Abstract: This symposium intends to present four psychological treatment protocols, the designs of which are heavily rooted in research performed preceding their development. Researcher-therapists have chosen to begin their work by first conducting a series of studies on the psychopathological processes of a disorder or a cluster of related disorders. The identification of these processes gives clues to what may be the possible remediation or intervention. These findings thus inform and guide the design of the treatment protocols for the disorders. This developmental strategy gives confidence to the clinicians that the treatment protocols are indeed targeting at the psychopathological processes deviating from the normal psychological development and that their designs contain elements alleviating these psychopathological processes. Four treatment protocols, developed from the above strategy, will be presented in this symposium. Two will be on trandiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy (TCBT) treating respectively depression/anxiety and headache/anxiety. Two will be on the treatment of psychosis, one on delusions and the other on neurocognitive deficits. Further details of the presentations of this symposium can be found in the abstract of each individual presentation.
The attendees of this symposium are expected to learn: (1) research on the psychopathological processes of a number of disorders, including anxiety, depression and psychosis, (2) the designs of the treatment protocols for them, and (3) results of their pilot clinical trials.
Bio: Prof. Patrick WL Leung graduated with a BSSc (Psychology) and a MSSc (Clinical Psychology) from the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong and a PhD (Psychology) from the University of Sheffield, UK. Before joining The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) as a faculty member of the Department of Psychology, he worked for more than 10 years as a clinical psychologist at a children’s hospital in Hong Kong. He is currently a Professor and the Department Chair of the Department of Psychology, CUHK. He is a fellow of the Hong Kong Psychological Society and the Deputy Chair of the International Domain, Division 29 (Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy), American Psychological Association. His current research interests focus on psychopathology, particularly attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as well as on the development and clinical trials of psychological treatment protocols. He has more than 100 publications in international refereed journals, including Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, American Journal of Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, etc.
Affiliation: Professor & Department Chair, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
Marie Guerda Nicolas (Haiti/USA)
Focus of Lecture: Caribbean Psychology: New developments in scholarship, education, practice and regional progress in multicultural and multilingual collaborations.
Sponsor: Carribean Alliance of National Psychology Associations
Abstract: This symposium reviews of advances made in the Caribbean region in terms of scholarship, education, evidence-based practice, and organizational changes at the regional level. Since 2011 when the first Caribbean Regional Congress of Psychology (CRCP) was held in Nassau, Bahamas. At the conclusion of the conference, an assembly of participants was convened proposing the formation of a regional psychological association in the Caribbean. The following year, the Caribbean National Alliance of Psychological Associations was established. Two other CRCPs were held (Paramaribo, Surinam and Porto-Prince Haiti). This symposium will comprise four presentations that address progress in psychological scholarship, education, practice in mental health services, and in regional developments with regard to multicultural and multilingual collaborations in the Caribbean. The presentations are novel because they represent a major new effort in developing psychology in the Caribbean region. The organizer and convener is Guerda Nicholas who is the Secretary General of CANPA. The first presentation will focus on advances in scholarship in the publication of articles, books, and other media from different countries in the Caribbean (Ishtar Govia-Jamaica and Guillermo Bernal-Puerto Rico). The second presentation is from Ava Thompson (Bahamas) and Milagros Méndez (Puerto Rico and Dominican Republic) focuses on achievements, challenge, and future directions of curriculums in psychology. Particular emphasis is placed on the need for regionalizing and harmonizing the psychological curriculum, with particular attention to the development of minimum standards of competencies necessary to meet the needs of the Caribbean peoples. In the third presentation (Rita Dudley-Grant, St. Croix) reviews CANPA successes in addressing the challenges of providing therapeutic services across languages and cultures. Recommendations for expanded collaboration and innovative therapeutic interventions will be presented. Finally, the fourth presentation examines the development of regional organizations of psychology, and will discuss the common issues addressed by CANPA and other regional and international organizations, as well as challenges specific to the Caribbean.
Bio: Originally from Haiti, Nicolas obtained her doctoral degree in clinical psychology from Boston University. She completed her predoctoral training at Columbia University Medical Center and her postdoctoral training at the New York State Psychiatric Institute/Columbia University, Department of Child Psychiatry. She is a license psychologist and focused her practice in the area of children, family, and community well-being. Prior to coming to University of Miami, she held faculty positions at Boston College as well as the College of Saint Elizabeth in New Jersey. As a multicultural (Haitian American) and multilingual psychologist (Spanish, French, and Haitian Creole), her research is reflective of her background and interests. Her current research projects focus on developing culturally effective mental health intervention for people of color, with a specific focus on immigrant children, adolescents, and families. In addition, she conducts research on social support networks of Caribbean population with a specific focus on Haitians; spirituality and adolescents; and social support and mental health of Blacks. She has published books, many articles, and book chapters and delivered numerous invited presentations at national and international conferences in the areas of women issues, depression and cultural interventions, social support networks of ethnic minorities, and spirituality. Most recently, she co-edited the book Contemporary Parenting: A Global Perspective.Dr. Nicolas is an active member of the American Psychological Association, having served on divisional committees for Division 12, 17, 35, and 45. In addition, she has been a member of several APA committees including the Committee on International Relations in Psychology, Strategic Planning Committee, and the Committee on Early Career Psychologists. In addition to APA, she has been an active member of the Caribbean Studies Association, the Haitian Studies Association, and the Caribbean Alliance of National Psychological Associations (CANPA). She served as president of the Haitian Studies Association, the Psychology of Black Women of Division 35, and the Section of Ethnic Minorities of Division 12. Currently she serves as the Secretary General of CANPA.
Affiliation: CANPA - Caribbean Alliance of Psychological Associations
Kyoko Noguchi (Japan)
Focus of Lecture: The Next Move for Health Psychology in Asia: Theory to Practice
Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine
Abstract: Many factors contribute to the health of individuals and populations. Amid a drastically changing environment, what needs to be newly added as we head toward future in good health? In real problem solving approaches, it is necessary to apply effective theories and concepts into practice. In this symposium, in terms of research and practice efforts designed to prevent disease or promote health, our pursuits of science-based solutions to problems in Asian countries will be introduced. The presentation will cover the stage of examining a hypothesis, proving of concept, scaling, measuring the outcome and the social impact. Each participant will present the study describing positive evidences or factors to drive our power into practice. Ronah Ismail will report the assessment of depressive symptoms, anxiety and well-being in women with endometriosis and a rational approach for patient support as the latest development in basic research. Koji Takenaka will introduce the process of development and efficacy of mental health promotion brand “ABC Activities for Mind” and highlight that people in a position to support others maintain good mental health. Hoon-Seok Choi will propose that a combination of collectivistic values and independent self-views promotes the functioning of individuals in the social world and a positive impact on their mental and physical health in constructing a healthy life. Akira Tsuda and Yoshiyuki Tanaka will present the model of “ikiiki” which moderate the relationship between stressors and stress responses in daily life. And the suggestion of culture-inclusive approaches to health psychology leads to discussion on health and happiness from the perspective of eastern thoughts. As the next move for health, adding to the efforts of improvement in our lifestyle, moreover what we need will be our attitude of harmony: we can preserve the unities, keep the proportion of things and give place to others without losing one’s own position.
Bio: Kyoko Noguchi is Professor of Health Psychology at Bunka Gakuen University, Tokyo, Japan. Since the rise of Health Psychology in North America and Europe, she has contributed to introduce and develop this field in Japan and Asian countries. Currently she is President of Asian Society of Health Psychology. She is trying to utilize practical elements of the related disciplines such as, social work, counseling, health education, public health, and business from her educational background, toward new development in health psychology. How to change lifestyle of clients suffering from stressful events or related diseases is often urged to change their behaviors, and it is a very important and also difficult issue. She tries to combine Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Re-decision Therapy in Transactional Analysis, and add Autogenic Training for behavior modification in life style. Her social activities reflect her research field & theme and she successively held various posts: Director of The National Association of Juvenile Guidance Counselors, Trustee of Japan Health and Culture Promotion Association, Committee member of National Police Agency Community Safety Bureau, Committee member of Astronaut’s Psychological Evaluation for Selection and Psychological Working Group, in Japan. She has published over 70 scientific papers and books, chapters on the applications of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral interventions and related to psychosomatic diseases. Since 1990, to make positive use of stress coping and personality has become the main focus of her research and writings.
Affiliation: Professor of Health Psychology
Dean of Graduate School of Humanities and Intercultural Studies, Bunka Gakuen University, Tokyo, Japan
Laura Nota (Italy) & Jerome Rossier (Switzerland)
Focus of Lecture: Career Paths and Interventions for a Decent Work and an Inclusive Society
Supported by supported by ESVDC (European Society for Vocational Designing and Career counseling
Nominating Division/Section: Counselling
Abstract: The current societies are characterized by high heterogeneity and super-diversity due to a plot of variables associated with nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, migration paths, disability, etc. Work contexts are representative of this social heterogeneity and complexity, and similarly to social contexts, this variability should be respected, valued, and recognized as a resource and a strength. Unfortunately, phenomena of micro and macro exclusion against individuals with vulnerability are still existing and more frequently they experience indecent work and more barriers in the labour market. This is an important topic, as determinants perspective on health sees inclusion as central to the wellbeing of individuals and society.
Based on this, career practitioners, professionals interested to individuals’ wellbeing and future should be involved, identifying innovative theories and developing effective strategies to help all individuals, and in particular those with vulnerability, to gain access to decent work and promote satisfactory future life.
In this symposium, the role of some positive dimensions and several actions and interventions to promote future and career life design process of different groups with vulnerability will be discussed. More specifically, the first presentation will focus on the role of precarious employees’ profile to increase job insecurity and the role of career adaptability to prevent these negative effects. Then, the role of courage in life design process of individuals with Substance Use Disorder will be discussed. In the third and fourth presentation, attention will be given to career actions and interventions for the benefit of other vulnerable groups of individuals, i.e. immigrants and young people with low socioeconomic status. In the last presentation, the career and workforce development policies and practices of 50 autonomous states in U.S. will be discussed.
Affiliation: Laura Nota - University of Padova, Italy
Jerome Rossier - University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Keith Petrie (New Zealand)
Focus of Lecture: Towards understanding and minimising the nocebo response
Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine
Abstract: The nocebo effect is generally defined as the experience of adverse effects from an inert treatment or benign environmental exposure. The high rates of adverse effects caused by the nocebo effect has recently focused attention on interventions to minimize its impact. This symposium presents recent work from five labs around the world studying the nocebo effect. Kate MacKrill from the University of Auckland will present data from a recent study looking at what factors are associated with greater side effect reporting and perceptions of low drug efficacy in over 300 patients switched to a new brand of antidepressant. Rob Horne from University College London will present data from an experimental study showing changes in pain severity and symptomotolgy from a saline solution labelled with either neutral or therapeutic labelling. James Rubin from Kings College, London will present data from a recent double-blind randomised controlled trial showing that how medication side effect-risks are described affects whether people report side-effects after taking a tablet. Michael Witthöft from the University of Mainz, Germany will report on a study that tested whether information on the nocebo effect acted as a cognitive vaccine for idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields. Keith Petrie from the University of Auckland will present new data showing a nocebo intervention with colonoscopy patients reduced the reporting of side effects in patients with high levels of anxiety and baseline symptoms. The discussant for the symposium will be John Weinman from Kings College London.
Bio: Keith Petrie is Professor of Health Psychology at Auckland University Medical School. His research group does work on patients’ perceptions of illness, treatment adherence, as well as the placebo and nocebo response. Keith Petrie and his colleague John Weinman developed the Illness Perception Questionnaire which is widely used in health psychology and medical research. His recent awards include a Fulbright Fellowship, the Gluckman Medal and a Distinguished International Scholar Award from the Health Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association. He has been elected as a Fellow of the Association of Psychological Science and the Academy of Behavioural Medicine Research. In 2015 Professor Petrie was made a Fellow of the Royal Society and was the recipient of the Durie Medal, which is awarded to New Zealand’s pre-eminent social scientist.
Affiliation: University of Auckland, New Zealand
Catherine Ratelle (Canada)
Focus of Lecture: Parenting and Self-Development
Nominating Division/Section: Education, School & Instructional
Symposium Summary and Aims : This session presents research on the role of parents in their children’s development by considering psychological and academic development. Nested in a self-determination perspective, the four presentations examine parent-child interactions that support, or thwart, the satisfaction of children’s psychological needs. Using different methodologies (qualitative, experimental, longitudinal) and sampling children at different developmental stages (toddlers, children, adolescents), the results demonstrate the importance for parents to be autonomy supportive, involved, and structuring, as well as to refrain from putting pressure and coercing their child. These findings will then be discussed by a lead scholar on parenting and children’s academic and emotional development.
Affiliation: Université Laval, Canada
Discussant: Richard Koestner
María Cristina Richaud (Argentina)
Focus of Lecture: Parenting, Social Cognition, and Emotions in Children and Adolescents
Abstract: In this Symposium will be presented different kind of studies about parenting, emotion regulation, theory of mind, empathy , and prosocial behavior in children and adolescents. The first presentation aims to study mental states attribution (mind theory) and the influence of language used in family and school practices. The results obtained in children aged 3 to 16 showed a significant difference in the development of social cognition between the children who went through the treatment with respect to those without treatment. In the second presentation, it will be analyzed the role of empathy in prosocial behavior. This presentation aims to study the influence of attribution on the empathic attitude, and the effect of positive and negative empathy combined with attribution and target on prosocial behavior. The results of a factor study obtained with school children, indicate that the statements that involve the conscious decision to undertake an empathetic action imply a set of generalized beliefs and causal attributions about the misfortune of others and the evaluation of whether it is appropriate to assist them. Results of experimental situation, obtained with adolescents , indicate that levels of Prosocial behavior are lower in situations of positive empathy and negative attribution and their interaction, and the perceived emotional cost is lower in situations of empathy both positive and negative when the person receiving the help is a friend. Finally, it will be analyzed the effects of different forms of parental control on emotion regulation and prosocial cognitions and behaviors in preschool children. Preliminary findings iindicate the differentiated role of authoritarian and psychological control on children’s prosocial tendencies and the possible mediating roles of emotion regulation and prosocial moral reasoning on these relations. Three presentations have important implications for the development of more effective parenting and child intervention in prosociality and social cognition.
Affiliation: National Scientific and Technical Research Council | conicet · CIIPME, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Gertraud (Turu) Stadler (United Kingdom)
Focus of Lecture: Close Relationships and Health
Nominating Division/Section: Div 8: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine
Abstract: Close relationships are central to well-being and health. The speakers in this symposium will provide five innovative perspectives on close relationships and health, ranging from a life-course perspective in mid-life and older couples to interventions and dyadic longitudinal studies of health behaviour change. Anita DeLongis and colleagues will take a life-course approach, showing that early family distress increases the risk of divorce in step families, and that couples’ joint appraisal can decrease this risk. Christiane Hoppmann and colleagues examine synchrony in physiological markers, affect, and closeness in older couples. Laura Porter and colleagues will report about developing a couple-based physical activity intervention for cancer survivors. Jenny Inauen and colleagues study support from social media groups and how it influences healthy eating in their intervention study. Gertraud Stadler and colleagues will review findings from dyadic longitudinal studies of the links between support and companionship, and their associations with affect, relationship satisfaction, and health behavior change. Urte Scholz will discuss the five talks and their contribution to building theories and a solid evidence base for the field and increasing the impact of research on close relationships and health.
Bio: Turu Stadler is a social/health psychologist and a Senior Lecturer in Health Psychology at the University of Aberdeen. She received her PhD in Psychology from the University of Hamburg, Germany in 2006, and then worked as an Associate Research Scientist in Psychology and Public Health at Columbia University. Her main research interest is the individual and social regulation of behavior change. Her applied research focus is the development and testing of theory-based models for health behavior change in individuals and dyads. In conducting her research, she has studied a diverse range of quantitative methods, including intensive longitudinal design, the analysis of longitudinal data, and measurement with diaries, physiological indicators, and sensors.
Affiliation: University of Aberdeen, Scotland, U.K. & Columbia University, U.S.A.
Discussant: Urte Scholz - University of Zurich, Switzerland
Richard Young (Canada)
Focus of Lecture: Human Action and the Future of Applied Psychology
Nominating Division/Section: Div 16: Counselling
Symposium overview: Human action in its various iterations is the focus of many research questions and practices in psychology generally, including, for example, cognitive science and cultural psychology. The understandings generated in these and other fields of psychology have applications for areas of applied psychology. Conversely, applied psychology because of its grounding in human action can speak directly to complexity that psychology addresses. Human action represents the epitome of the theme of the congress, that is, the thriving partnership between science and practice.
In this symposium, the presenters address human action and action theory as an alternative paradigm that has and will have relevance in a variety of areas of applied psychology.
Catherine Raeff argues for a conceptualization of human action that encompasses the complexity of what people do and identifies human action as the unit of analysis in psychological research, including applied psychological research. The four subsequent presenters discuss the place of human action in specific areas of applied psychology.
Mary Sue Richardson takes the position that human action, particularly the concept of agentic action, is central to the field of vocational psychology. She grounds her argument on changing social structures, social constructionism, and narrative theory all of which contribute to understanding and influencing how people engage in their work lives.
Valérie Cohen-Scali takes the argument about the place human action in vocational psychology a step further by addressing the dialogical and conversation actions of adults in mid-career transition. Her research addresses the functionality of these actions in the process of goal-directed career transition. These actions serve a variety of functions not the least of which is the agency they enact in people’s lives.
José Domene also addresses the joint action between people as a manifestation of human action. In this case, he focuses on the field of relationships, specifically romantic relationships. He reports on current research involving young adults in romantic relationships from the perspective of their joint goal-directed projects.
Ladislav Valach reports on the development and implementation of a suicide prevention procedure that has at its core an understanding of suicide processes as goal-directed action. In this presentation, Dr. Valach extends the understanding of action to include mid-term projects and long-term career and speaks to the merits for research and practice of understanding suicide processes as goal-directed action.
Bio: Richard A. Young is a Professor in the Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology and Special Education at the University of British Columbia. A Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association and the American Psychological Association, Professor Young’s interests are in the areas of parent-adolescent interaction, health psychology, and career development. With a number of colleagues, he has extended the application of action theory to topics in career development, health promotion and, particularly, parent-adolescent communication. These applications have included the refinement of a qualitative research method based on action theory as well as its application to cultural studies. With W. A. Borgen, he is the editor of Methodological studies for the study of career (Praeger, 1990), and with A. Collin, Interpreting career: Hermeneutical studies of lives in context (Praeger, 1992) and The future of career (Cambridge University Press, 2000). With L. Valach and M. J. Lynam, he is the author of Action theory: A primer for applied research in the social sciences (Praeger, 2002). Professor Young has authored or co-authored over 100 articles and chapters published in scientific and professional journals and books.
Affiliation: University of British Columbia, Canada
Tomasz Zaleśkiewicz (Poland) & Agata Gąsiorowska (Poland)
Focus of Lecture: The Psychological Consequences of Money
Nominating Division/Section: Division 9: Economic Psychology
Abstract: This symposium consists of five papers that capture different psychological aspects of money usage and money attitudes. The research that will be presented shows that money, in addition to its economic functions, also has emotional and social meanings. For example, money can evoke positive and negative feelings, activate innate proclivities and motivations, compensate for the sense of control, and change the norms within interpersonal relations.
The first paper (by Van Raaij & Antonides) focuses on the issue of money usage by households. The authors will provide quantitative information about how couples handle their household finances in terms of information seeking, decision making, making payments, saving, life and financial goals to be achieved, mental budgeting, and degree of consensus in decision making. The next two papers (by Tang & the Money Ethic Research International Team, and by Zhao & Tang) discuss the concepts of love of money and monetary intelligence and show how they are linked to investment behaviors, corruption, entrepreneurship and creativity. Interestingly, both papers will present results that were collected around the world and reveal many cross-cultural effects. The fourth paper (by Kuzminska, Gasiorowska, Zaleskiewicz, & Vohs) will demonstrate how the exposure of money impacts people’s proneness to trust others. The authors will show that being exposed to money increases transaction-oriented trust (related to market mode), but lowers communal trust (related to communal mode and thus conflicting with exchange relationships). Finally, the fifth paper by Kesebir, Zaleskiewicz, & Gasiorowska focuses on the idea of the symbolic value of money. It will show that saving money can buffer death anxiety and constitute a more effective buffer than spending money. The authors found in a series of experiments that saving can relieve future-related anxiety and provide people with a sense of control over their fate, thereby rendering death thoughts less threatening.
Affiliation: Professor of Psychology, Head of the Center for Research in Economic Behavior
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wroclaw Faculty of Psychology, Poland
Associate Editor - Journal of Economic Psychology
President Elect, Division of Economic Psychology IAAP - International Association of Applied Psychology
Jiaying Zhao (Canada)
Focus of Lecture: Using psychological science to address environmental sustainability challenges
Nominating Division/Section: Environmental
Bio: Jiaying Zhao is the Canada Research Chair (t2) in Behavioural Sustainability, and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology and the Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability at the University of British Columbia. She received her PhD in cognitive psychology from Princeton University in 2013. She is the principal investigator of the Behavioural Sustainability Lab at UBC. Her research uses psychological principles to design behavioural solutions to address sustainability challenges. Specifically, she examines how resource scarcity impacts human cognition and behaviour and what interventions are effective at alleviating cognitive burdens in the poor; how to reduce water and energy consumption, encourage recycling and composting behavior, promote responsible carsharing behaviour, and engage the public on biodiversity conservation; and how attentional biases drive belief polarization about climate change.
Affiliation: University of British Columbia, Canada