Invited Congress Speakers


Lauren Behrman

Lauren Behrman (USA)

Focus of Lecture: International Collaborations in Training to Advance Psychotherapy

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Nominating Division/Section: International and Cross-Cultural Psychology

Abstract: This symposium will address international collaborations in creating culturally relevant theoretical constructs, training clinicians and providing psychological services across cultures. The commonalities and challenges across cultures will be highlighted. A theoretical model entitled Mountain Stream Therapy will be introduced which integrates Oriental philosophy with Western counseling strategies. Ethical considerations in the delivery of psychological services to highly vulnerable persons cross-culturally will be discussed. Adapting Western models to training Chinese mental health professionals in their work with family conflict, and in University counseling settings with vulnerable college students will be described. Research that adapts integrative counseling for use in coaching junior scientists in the workplace will be presented. The impact of this work to develop collaborations and trainings has added to our knowledge of working internationally.

Bio: Lauren Behrman, Ph.D. is a licensed clinical psychologist, mediator, parent coordinator, collaborative divorce professional, author, teacher, and speaker. She is currently a member of the boards of directors of Division 42 APA and Association of Family and Conciliation Courts-NY, and past president of AFCC-NY. She is the co-author of "Loving Your Children More than You Hate Each Other", and numerous professional articles and chapters. She has been elected Fellow of the American Psychological Association and National Academies of Practice. Dr. Behrman is in independent practice in Manhattan and Westchester, NY

Affiliation: Private Practice, New York, USA

Jeffrey P. Prince

Presenter: Jeffrey P. Prince (USA)

Title: Developing an International Institute for Student Mental Health: Examples and Challenges of Training across Cultures

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Abstract: This presentation will describe efforts to build international training and staff exchange programs within university counseling services in the US and China. A primary intent of the programs was to examine and improve counseling and crisis intervention services in both countries to be more effective and culturally congruent for both international and domestic students. Evaluations spanning several years of training programs will be examined to highlight both successes and lessons learned. Further international collaborations to continue this work, both in China and other countries, also will be highlighted.

Affiliation: Jeffrey P. Prince, Ph.D. is the Director of the International Institute for Student Counseling and Mental Health at the University of California, Berkeley; he also serves as the Executive Director of that university’s Counseling and Psychological Services. He is the author of numerous publications pertaining to university student counseling, international student mental health, career development and social justice. He is a member of the Board of Directors and a past President of the International Association of Counseling Services and has been elected Fellow of the American Psychological Association.


Beth Haverkamp

Presenter: Beth Haverkamp (Canada)

Title: Professional Reflexivity and the Ethics of Competence in a Rapidly Changing and Volatile World

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Abstract: Mass movement of refugees, climate disruption, natural disasters, and political conflicts bring psychologists into contact with people suffering from trauma and extreme distress. Practitioners committed to ethical practice face numerous dilemmas in delivering service to dislocated persons, given that traditional western ethical principles are difficult to apply in situations of severe disruption and cultural difference. This presentation will discuss how the concept of professional reflexivity provides a useful starting point for psychologists committed to avoidance of harm, particularly with respect to the ethical requirement for competence in the delivery of psychological services to highly vulnerable persons. Examination of competence and avoidance of harm, when services are provided in conditions of extreme stress and across cultural, religious and political boundaries, are considered. Specific recommendations for self-assessment of one’s competence to assist vulnerable persons in challenging circumstances will be presented.

Affiliation: Beth Haverkamp is Associate Professor of counselling psychology at the University of British Columbia and served as Associate Dean, Graduate Programs and Research, from 2009 – 2017. Her primary areas of research and teaching are ethical decision making, professionalism in counselling psychology, and qualitative/quantitative research methods. Dr. Haverkamp received her PhD (1989) from the University of Minnesota and is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Canadian Psychological Association.


Lauren Behrman

Presenter: Lauren Behrman (USA)

Title: Training Chinese Mental Health Professionals in Bringing Harmony to Family Conflict

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Abstract: The economic growth spurt in China has transformed China, bringing enormous wealth, and also radical change. The human migration that has brought over 130 M Chinese citizens into the cities looking for jobs, and led to the creation of hundreds of local colleges, has also led to a slew of Western problems, including a burgeoning divorce rate and significant mental health issues.
This presentation will describe a workshop that was created to train Chinese mental health professionals in conflict resolution, mediation and guidance for parents contemplating divorce in how to help their children adjust to changes in the family, in addition to co-parenting skills for parents post-divorce.
The workshop was presented to 35 mental health professionals drawn from all over China. The learners co-created the presentation in an interactive manner, and engaged in experiential learning including role play, demonstration, large and small group discussion and writing exercise.
Evaluations of the Chinese participants in the training and verbal exchanges revealed a significant level of learning and growth. The opportunities to exchange and integrate knowledge of cultural context into our discussions with the use of interpreters greatly enriched the content and experience of the training. Observations of the degree of openness and willingness to participate actively in the training reinforced the written observations.

Affiliation: Private Practice, New York, USA


Yang Wensheng

Presenter: Yang Wensheng (China)

Title: I Ching and Psychotherapy

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Abstract: This presentation will describe efforts to build a six-dimension-structure counseling strategies based on I Ching. The first dimension is Time, with Future and Past constituting Yin and Yang; the second is Action, with Cognition and Behavior representing Yin and Yang; the third is Comparison, constituted by Basis Point and Objective as Yin and Yang; the fourth is Body, with stability and mobility constituting Yin and Yang; the fifth is Compassion, with Inward Compassion and Outward Compassion as Yin and Yang; and the last dimension is Benefit, with Abandoning Benefit representing Yin and Striving Benefit constituting Yang. The fifth dimension of Compassion is central to the structure while Dao permeates across all the dimensions. According to contextual needs, counselors can choose any dimension or combinations of dimensions for optimal effectiveness.

Affiliation: Yang Wensheng, Ph.D. is the Director of of Counseling and Psychological Services in Shanghai Jiao Tong University. He is the author of numerous publications pertaining to Chinese indigenous counseling based on I Ching.


Frank-Hagen Hofmann

Presenter: Frank-Hagen Hofmann (Germany)

Title: Coaching for junior scientist - An application of an integrative model of counseling

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Abstract: An integrative model of counseling has been found effective to reduce mental distress and improve satisfaction in students. Based on the rising number of junior researchers seeking counseling and their specific challenges, it was investigated whether adaptations to the model are needed to address junior scientists’ needs. The study was conducted in a single-group pre-post-design. Clients from Heidelberg research facilities were asked to fill out questionnaires relating to mental distress (SCL90-R) and satisfaction (with life in general and with working conditions) prior to the first and after the last coaching session. Data show that integrative coaching not only improved work-related satisfaction but also reduced mental distress in the participating researchers, supporting results from the original effectiveness study. A better understanding of the most common problems of junior researchers was gained. The integrative model of counseling is a good and useful theoretical background that helps to apply proven psychotherapeutic principles to coaching of junior scientists. Their specific situation and challenges can be addressed by focusing on different dimensions of the model. Results of the study were communicated to the research facilities, pointing out that junior researchers are a group of employees that deal with specific stressors. Coaching can be effective in assisting the scientists develop coping strategies and should be integrated in corporate health management.

Affiliation: Frank-Hagen Hofmann, Ph.D. is the Director of the Student Services Counseling Center for Students at Heidelberg University and a licensed CBT therapist. He’s authored several publications on student mental health, the efficacy of integrative counseling, and on creativity and psychotherapy. He‘s a member of the advisory committee “Counselling and advisory services” of the Deutsches Studentenwerk (Student Services).

Yiqun Gan

Yiqun Gan (China)

Focus of Lecture: Coping with Stress and Adversity Using Positive Psychological Resources: Effects of Resilience, Future Orientation, and Social Support

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Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine

Abstract: Psychological resources—goals, resilience, future orientation, and social-support—buffer the deleterious effects of stress and are predictors of psychological health-related outcomes. In this symposium, we aim to broaden our understanding of the effects of psychological resources in terms of five aspects: Sonia Lippke will address the role of goals in health-related behavioral change and social participation, Nancy Yu will discuss the function of resilience and vulnerability among bereaved spouses, Brian Hall will examine the protective role of social support in the association between lifetime trauma exposure and PTSD symptom severity, Lei Zheng will report the inoculative role of future orientation to regulate future emotions in Trier social stress test, Yiqun Gan will elaborate on the genetic bases of future orientation and resilience, and Ralf Schwarzer will be the discussant of this symposium. Epidemiological, longitudinal, experimental, and candidate gene approaches will be adopted to explore these issues using self-report, behavioral, and physiological measures, which represent the interdisciplinary and most up-to-date research topics and approaches in the field.

Bio: Yiqun Gan is a professor at School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, China. She received her Ph.D. from the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1998. She has published over 90 research papers as the first or corresponding author, and her papers are published in top international journals such as Journal of Personality and Health Psychology. She has been the principle investigator of a number of research projects funded by the National Science Foundation of China. She was invited to present as a Transversal Keynote Speaker at the International Congress of Applied Psychology in 2014, and to convene an Invited Symposium at the International Congress of Psychology in 2012. She currently serves as an associate editor in Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, as well as an editorial board member of Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being, and Stress and Health. Her research on future orientation and resilience has embraced numerous state-of-the-art techniques such as laboratory experiments, molecular genetics, physiological indexes, eye tracking, and ERP. She has been awarded the title of “Recognized Psychologist” by the Chinese Psychological Society in 2016.

Affiliation: Peking University, Beijing, China

Sonia Lippke

Presenter: Sonia Lippke (Germany)

Title: Supporting Psychological Resources Of Older Individuals With IT-Assisted Interventions: The Role Of Future Orientation And Planning In Health Behavioral Change - Stage-Specific Effectiveness Tested In A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Abstract: Background: The psychological resources and physical activity (PA) can be facilitated by means of an IT-assisted intervention. While previous studies demonstrated the effectiveness of such interventions for increasing PA in older adults, evidence on the effects on future orientation in terms of subjective age is limited. Thus, we reviewed the literature and evaluated the effects of an IT-assisted PA intervention of people aged 65-75 years.
Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 166 individuals were assigned to one of three groups: (a) Intervention Group 1 (IG1) where participants were asked to track PA in an online-activity-log over the course of ten weeks; (b) Intervention Group 2 (IG2; IG1 plus the use of FitBit); or (c) a waitlisted control group which received access to the intervention of IG1 after the completion of the follow-up (WLCG). Assessments of stage, calendar and subjective age, as well as socio-demographic variables, were conducted at baseline and repeated after 12 weeks. In total, 97 individuals participated in the follow-up.
Results: All groups improved over time regarding their stage with 38.5% of individuals in the WLCG, 43.2% in the IG1, and 57.1% in the IG2 adopted PA. While descriptively the intervention was helpful, these effects were not statistically significant. However, when controlling for baseline behavior, differences between IG1/IG2 and WLCG were significant (Chi²(2)=16.116; p<.01). Age related effects showed that older individuals benefitted more from the intervention (F=10.51; p<.01).
Action/impact: Supporting behavior change by means of IT-based-interventions can help older adults adopt and maintain PA. Age-related effects should be evaluated more often. Supporting psychological resources future orientation and planning in health behavioral change is important, and with that to cope with stress and adversity especially with increasing age.

Bio: Researcher unique identifiers:
ResearcherID B-7564-2014
2004 PhD; Department of Psychology; Health Psychology Unit, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany; Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Ralf Schwarzer
2000 Dipl.-Psych. (Master equivalent); Department of Psychology; Health Psychology Unit, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
Since 2016 Full Professor of Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine; Jacobs University Bremen/Germany
Since 2011 Faculty Member; Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS), Bremen/Germany
2011-2016 Associate Professor of Health Psychology; Jacobs University Bremen/Germany
2010–2011 Associate Professor (UHD); Maastricht University/Netherlands
2004–2010 Assistant professor (C1); Freie Universität Berlin/Germany
2004–2005 Postdoctoral fellow and Postdoctoral research associate; Centre for Health Promotion Studies, University of Alberta/Canada
7/2014–today President elect of Div. 8: Health Psychology/Int. Association of Applied Psychology
10/2013–today Elected Faculty Speaker, Jacobs University/Germany
2015–today Associate Editor, Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing/Germany
2013–today Editorial Board, Research in Sports Medicine: An International Journal/Germany
2012–today Review Board, American Journal of Health Behavior/USA

Affiliation: Jacobs University Bremen, Bremen, Germany

Nancy Xiaonan Yu

Presenter: Nancy Xiaonan Yu (China)

Title: Personal and partner resilience moderated the association between sense of community and life satisfaction among Chinese elderlies

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Abstract: From an ecological perspective, the purpose of this study was to examine the moderation effect of personal resilience and partner resilience on the relationship between a sense of community and life satisfaction among Chinese older adults. Utilizing a cross-sectional design, 258 Chinese couples (aged between 60 and 97 years) completed sense of community, resilience, and life satisfaction measures. The results showed that (a) after controlling for personal resilience, partner resilience, and other covariates, sense of community was positively associated with life satisfaction, and (b) a three-way interaction between sense of community, personal resilience, and partner resilience predicted life satisfaction. Precisely, under the low personal resilience-low partner resilience condition, the effect of sense of community on life satisfaction was weaker than it was under other conditions. To enhance life satisfaction of Chinese older adults, tailored interventions to improve community resources, personal resilience, and couples’ strengths are recommended.

Bio: Dr Nancy Xiaonan Yu is an assistant professor in City University of Hong Kong. Her research program has focused on resilience in adversities. Dr Yu has been investigating the protective effects of resilience in vulnerable populations such as immigrants. In addition, she has applied the community-based participatory research approach to develop and implement culturally sensitive interventions to promote resilience in populations that are experiencing stress.

Affiliation: City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Brian Hall

Presenter: Brian Hall (China)

Title: Social support mediated the association lifetime trauma exposure is with increased PTSD symptom severity

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Abstract: Migrant Domestic Workers in China are a potentially vulnerable population. Key drivers of population health risks for migrants involve cumulative exposures to social determinants of health (e.g., discrimination) and potentially traumatic life events. These exposures are found across the migration continuum, occurring within pre-, peri-, and post-migration contexts. The current study focused on understanding discrimination as a key modifier of the association between cumulative life adversities and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity. Respondent driven sampling methods were utilized to enroll 1,363 female Filipino domestic workers in the study. The Everyday discrimination scale (EDS), Life Events Checklist (LEC-5), PTSD Checklist (PCL-5) were translated and culturally adapted for use among Filipino domestic workers. Results indicated that 15% met criteria for PTSD using the PCL cut-off score. The number of lifetime exposures to PTEs (r = .21) and greater discrimination (r = .32) were associated with higher PTSD symptom severity. Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that discrimination modified the effect of lifetime trauma exposure. Those who reported greater discrimination also reported greater current PTSD symptom severity. These results will be discussed within the growing literature that demonstrates the importance of the receiving country context for migrant mental health.

Bio: Prof. Hall is a licensed clinical psychologist and epidemiologist. His specialty area is Global Health and the sub-field of Global Mental Health. His primary goal is to engage in research to improve the public's health. He accomplishes this utilizing mixed methods research (integrating qualitative and quantitative methodologies). Prof. Hall is particularly interested in understanding the social determinants of population health, the consequences of adversity and traumatic stress, and developing and evaluating scalable intervention programs for marginalized populations. Currently his research program is focused on improving the health of local Macau Chinese people, migrants (Chinese, Southeast Asian), and conducting psychiatric epidemiologic studies across the Pearl River Delta region of China, and Asia. Prof. Hall serves or has served as a consultant for the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, UNAIDS, and local government offices and NGOs in China.
Prof. Hall is an Associate Editor for the journal Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, and serves on the Editorial Boards of Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, the Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Psychological Trauma: Theory Research Practice and Policy, and, the European Journal of Psychotraumatology.

Affiliation: University of Macau and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Macau, China

Lei Zheng

Presenter: Lei Zheng (China)

Title: Future Orientation As An Inoculation To Regulate Future Emotion in Trier Social Stress Test

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Abstract: Future orientation is a goal-related construct which is characteristic of thinking about and acting toward future events and outcomes. The present study aimed to investigate the emotion regulating role of future orientation in a goal-related stressful situation. In total, 80 participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The experiment group was primed by future orientation, whereas the control group was primed a neutral condition. Next, both groups were subjected to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). The results demonstrated that the future oriented participants exhibited less negative moods (anxiety, depression), and more positive moods after TSST task. Meanwhile, the future oriented participants showed less increase in heart rate and saliva cortisol level during the stress task, compared to the control group. In conclusion, future orientation can be a mental inoculation to increase adaptive function for coping with future stress.

Bio: Lei Zheng is a Ph.D. candidate at school of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences of Peking University, China. He work on several projects related to coping with adversity. He is especially interested in understanding future oriented coping process.

Affiliation: Peking University, Beijing, China

Yiqun Gan

Presenter: Yiqun Gan (China)

Title: A COMT × Environment Interaction Predicts Future Orientation and Resilience: The Differential Post-Stress Growth Hypothesis

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Abstract: Background: Interest in the effect of gene and environment interaction on positive mental resources is increasing. Purpose: We examined the interactions of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism and stress (early stressful life events, experimental prime, and trauma exposure) on future orientation and resilience. Methods: In Study 1, 562 Chinese university students (Sample 1) and 454 Chinese company employees (Sample 2) self-reported early stressful life events and completed a measure on future orientation. Study 2 included 154 university students, and involved manipulated control-deprivation. In Study 3, 1,140 earthquake survivors self-reported trauma exposure during the Sichuan earthquake and completed a measure on resilience. Results: Consistently, the Met/Met genotype was associated with higher levels of future orientation or resilience under more adverse conditions. Conclusions: Based on the consistent findings in these three studies, we proposed a “differential post-stress growth hypothesis,” which may serve as genetic evidence for the adversity quotient.

Bio: Yiqun Gan is a professor at School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, China. She has received her Ph.D. in the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1998. She has published over 90 research papers as the first or the corresponding author, and her findings were published in top international journals such as “Journal of Personality” and “Health Psychology”. She has been the principle investigator of a number of research projects funded by the National Science Foundation of China. She was invited to a present as a Transversal Keynote Speaker at the International Congress of Applied Psychology in 2014, and to convene an Invited Symposium at the International Congress of Psychology in 2012. She currently serves as an Associate Editor in two SCI/SSCI indexed journals “European Journal of Cancer Care” and “Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology”, as well as an editorial board member of “Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being” and “Stress and Health”. Her research on future orientation and resilience has embraced numerous state-of-the-art techniques such as laboratory experiments, molecular genetics, physiological indexes, eye tracking, and ERP. She has won the title of “Recognized Psychologist” by the Chinese Psychological Society in 2016.

Affiliation: Peking University, Beijing, China


Discussant: Ralf Schwarzer (Germany)

Esther Geva

Esther Geva (Canada)

Focus of Lecture: International Perspectives on Language and Literacy Development of Struggling Readers: From Research to Practice

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Nominating Division/Section: Education and School Psychology Section

Symposium Summary: This symposium brings together an international group of researchers whose work focuses on struggling readers in diverse geographical and educational contexts. Relevant to researchers and school psychologists alike, the issues addressed include: What are the sources of word reading and reading comprehension difficulties? Are these difficulties language/orthography specific? Can one distinguish difficulties associated with deprivation or lack of proficiency in the L2 from difficulties associated with a learning disability (LD)? Can one reliably identify LD in the L2? How early can these difficulties be identified and treated? Can we identify principles of early assessment, prevention, and intervention that are generalizable across contexts and orthographies? Shany’s work with Hebrew speakers shows that poor comprehenders with poor accuracy or poor fluency differ significantly in their reading comprehension profiles. In her work in rural Colombia Ramirez demonstrates that not all spelling errors are made equal, and that the nature of Spanish spelling errors is different for disadvantaged and dyslexic children. Genesee et al demonstrate how early performance in English (the L1) can predict subsequent difficulties in French (L2) of children attending French Immersion programs in Canada. Relatedly, in her work with immigrant children to Canada (ELLs), Geva and colleagues show that already in grade 2, distinct combinations of cognitive, linguistic and basic reading profiles of ELLs foretell grade 4 sub-group membership. Finally, in work initiated in Finland and implemented in other countries Lyytinen will discuss the efficacy of computerized, carefully calibrated, dynamic assessment tools for early identification and intervention across countries and languages.

Bio: Esther Geva studied in Israel, the US, and Canada. She is a Full Professor in the department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, OISE/University of Toronto, and a licensed psychologist. Esther’s work straddles the broad areas of educational psychology, cross-cultural psychology, and bilingualism. Her research, publications, graduate teaching and supervision relate to: (1) how language and literacy skills develop in children, adolescents and young adults learning to read in a second language (L2); (2) the nature of the relationships between oral language skills and the development of reading and writing skills in L2 learners; (3) transfer issues in L2 literacy development; (4) the contribution of cognitive, linguistic, and background factors to literacy development of typical and atypical L2 learners, (5) approaches to effective intervention with at-risk and vulnerable learners; and (6) cross-cultural psychology pertaining to the well-being of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) learners. Esther published numerous chapters and articles in these areas, has presented her work internationally, and served on various advisory, policy, and review committees in the US and Canada, concerned with CLD, including the National Literacy Panel (NLP). Esther, a Canadian Council on Learning Minerva Scholar, is committed to knowledge mobilization. A book that she co-authored with her colleague, Judy Wiener, Psychological Assessment of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Children was published by Springer in 2015. Another book, co-written with a former student and now a colleague, Gloria Ramirez (2015), Key Concepts for the Language Classroom: Focus on Reading was published in 2015 by Oxford University Press.

Affiliation: Professor, School and Clinical Child Psychology
Department of Applied Psychology & Human Development, OISE/University of Toronto, Canada

Michal Shany

Presenter: Michal Shany (Israel)

Title: Heterogeneity in the sources of reading difficulty is related to differential profiles of reading comprehension: Implications for assessment and intervention

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Abstract: This study examines how heterogeneity in reading difficulty is related to differential profiles of reading comprehension. The first step in the research was to establish the viability of an accuracy/rate-based typology for the identification of subtypes of dyslexia in the Hebrew orthography. Both subtypes were found to be equally prevalent in a national representative sample, each with selective impairment on only one dimension (i.e., accuracy or rate) in the presence of normal levels of performance on the other dimension, and each accounting for about 10% of the general population. We then developed a model explaining reading comprehension that considers the Simple View of Reading (SVR), as well as metacognition, emotion, and type of question (simple versus complex inferences). The performance of 800 children in grades 4-5 on a comprehension measure based on the above model was investigated, and from this sample, children with specific deficits in word reading accuracy or rate were selected. The accuracy and fluency of the poor comprehender groups differed significantly in their reading comprehension profiles, including the metacognition, emotion and question type components. Finally, we will suggest that this assessment approach yields different comprehension profiles and that these two subtypes call for different instructional interventions.


Affiliation: Department of Learning Disabilities and Edmund J. Safra Research Center in Learning Disabilities, The University of Haifa, Israel


Gloria Ramirez

Presenter: Gloria Ramirez (Canada)

Title: Spelling Profiles of Spanish-Speaking Children from Disadvantaged Socio-Economic Backgrounds

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Abstract: Poor spelling is one of the hallmarks of dyslexia; however, low literacy levels and poor orthographic knowledge are not necessarily the result of a learning difficulty (LD). Reasons behind some children’s low literacy levels are poor teaching and lack of exposure to written text. It is important to distinguish between the pattern of errors that signal an LD and those that reflect insufficient familiarity and exposure to the orthographic system. To identify typical and atypical spelling mistakes, the current study examined writing samples of 30 3rd to 5th grade children coming from rural schools in Colombia, consistently performing below expectations on Colombian national examinations. Some of these children were identified as having literacy based LD, according to their performance on word and pseudoword reading tasks (< 25th percentile). Error analyses were undertaken to characterize patterns of errors differentiating children with and without a LD. It was found that orthographic errors were more recurrent in children with a LD than in children with low literacy levels but without a LD. Spelling errors for phonemes represented by more than one grapheme and errors denoting immature knowledge of Spanish orthographic rules were common to both groups of children. However, reversals and transpositions were unique for children with a LD. Moreover, most errors made by children without LD did not interfere with meaning; Conversely, most errors made by children with LD distorted meaning. Implications for the assessment of Spanish-speaking students with low-literacy levels, coming from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds will be discussed.


Affiliation: Associate Professor, Faculty of Education and Social Work, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC, Canada


Fred Genesee

Presenters: Fred Genesee, Caroline Erdos, Robert Savage, & Corinne Haigh (Canada)

Title: Predicting Risk for Language and Reading Difficulties in Early French Immersion Programs

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Abstract: Identification of students in early immersion programs, or other programs in which students are educated in a second language (L2), who are likely to experience reading and language learning difficulties is problematic since students are still acquiring the language of instruction. Thus, assessments in L2 are not likely to yield valid indicators of risk for difficulty; this in turn can delay early intervention and jeopardize students’ long term outcomes. The present research builds on research that has found significant positive correlations between students’ first language (L1) and L2 skills in domains related to literacy and academic language. It was reasoned that identification of risk using students’ L1 would allow early identification of risk and early intervention in the L2 and, thus, improve students’ long term outcomes. A group of Kindergarten English-speaking students were administered a battery of tests that have been found to predict difficulty in language and reading development in English-L1 speakers. Students received all instruction in Kindergarten to Grade 2 in French-L2. They were subsequently administered a battery of reading and language tests in Grade 3 in French-L2. Discriminant function analyses were conducted to examine if the Kindergarten L1 predictors could significantly discriminate between those students who were found to be at risk for reading and/or language learning in French-L2 in Grade 3. Early identification of risk for L2 reading and especially L2 language outcomes in immersion is unique and offers educators and clinicians in immersion and other L2 programs tools for providing early support for at-risk learners.


Affiliation: Fred Genesee, Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Caroline Erdos, Speech-Language Pathology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Robert Savage, Associate Professor, Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University Faculty of Education, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Corinne Haigh, Associate Professor, The School of Education, Bishop’s University, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada


Esther Geva

Presenters: Esther Geva, & Christine Fraser (Canada)

Title: Early Cognitive, Reading, and Language Profiles of English Language Learners with Subsequent Reading Comprehension Difficulties

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Abstract: A developmental perspective is critical for understanding sources of typical and atypical reading comprehension difficulties among English language learners (ELLs). In this longitudinal study, we used the simple view of reading (SVR) as a conceptual framework for classifying ELLs (n=127) in grade 4 (in relation to the ELL sample) as typically developing or as at-risk for reading problems. Three groups of at-risk ELLs readers were identified: (1) poor decoders, (2) poor language comprehension, or (3) poor on both decoding and language comprehension. The prediction battery, assessed in grade 2, included linguistic, reading, and cognitive factors. Multinomial logistic regression examined the combination of grade 2 variables that predicted later (grade 4) reading comprehension (RC) group membership. A 7-predictor model that included nonverbal cognitive ability, naming speed, phonological awareness, receptive vocabulary, oral expression, word reading fluency, and reading comprehension in grade 2, predicted ELL reader subtype classification in grade 4. By grade 2, distinct at-risk cognitive, linguistic and early reading skills were associated with the grade 4 profiles, and different combinations of strengths and weaknesses on these early (grade 2) predictors characterize the grade 4 reading profiles, indicating that these profiles can be successfully identifiable in grade 2.
The discussion will focus on (a) implications of these results for avoiding under- and over-identification of ELLs with reading difficulties, (b) the importance of early identification of ELLs who struggle with their reading in comparison with their peers, and (c) the need to tailor interventions to different profiles.


Esther Geva, Professor, School and Clinical Child Psychology, Department of Applied Psychology & Human Development, OISE/University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Christine Fraser, OISE/University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada


Heikki Lyytinen

Presenter: Heikki Lyytinen (Finland)

Title: Preventive Training of Children At-Risk for Dyslexia: Associations with Features of the Orthography the Child is Learning to Read in

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Abstract: In the Jyväskylä Longitudinal study of Dyslexia (Lyytinen et al, 2007) developmental data from early age to puberty were collected from 200 children, half of whom were at familial risk for dyslexia. Results showed that highly accurate identification of children who would face difficulties in learning to read is possible years before reading difficulty sets in, by assessing early steps in learning basic reading skill involving the connections between spoken and written items. This dynamic assessment can be adapted and applied across orthographies, provided that the properties of orthographies are considered. Our Graphogame (GG) technology helps children at-risk for reading disability to develop reading skill before they experience failure. It has been successfully implemented in several writing systems, including transparent and nontransparent alphabets and Chinese. GG training entails repeated exposure to storing connections between spoken and written language in a game-like digital environment (see The implementation of the language-specific content should follow an optimal phonics approach in most orthographies. This has been our starting point in all our subsequent global efficacy studies which precede the use of the game outside of the research context. Successful efficacy studies in Finland provided the base for establishing the GraphoLearn service by means of public procurement. In Finland over 20 000 children are playing the game, mostly concentrating on the Fluency training version. Currently, investigations are running in four continents, involving over 20 countries and various orthographies. In this symposium, some interesting findings from our African and Asian studies will be illustrated, and implications for intervention principles will be discussed.


Affiliation: UNESCO professor/UNITWIN Chair on Inclusive Literacy Learning for All, Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä & Niilo Mäki Institute, Finland

Maria del Pilar Grazioso

Maria del Pilar Grazioso (Guatemala )

Focus of Lecture: Through The Cultural Landscape Of Psychotherapy: An International Horizon

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Nominating Division/Section: International and Cross-Cultural

Abstract: This symposium will enhance our understanding of psychotherapy by emphasizing the relevance of considering it through and enhanced cultural framework. Participants will share their perspectives from different parts of the Americas and Asia, i.e., India offering a wide myriad of possibilities to expand cultural psychotherapy trends in order to address diverse population needs that move away from a narrow emphasis in race and ethnicity will broaden the spectrum to a more inclusive and useful clinical schema. Aiming towards honoring clients and therapists´ characteristics, it will expand on culture-related barriers that may act as major source of bias leading to problems in therapy initiation, continuation and its success. Acknowledgment of ecological values, multicultural competences, the interrelation of culture-bound concepts such as world view, spirit of community, family power, locus of control among others issues, and integrative models will contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of urban and rural culture-bound syndromes that might compromise wellbeing. Considerations, suggestions, and recommendations will be discussed in lieu of developing culturally relevant therapeutic relationships that can enable us to move towards a more effective cultural psychotherapy.

Bio: María del Pilar Grazioso is the director of the Doctoral Program in Applied Psychology and the master’s program in Community Psychology at Universidad del Valle de Guatemala and co-coordinates Proyecto Aiglé, Guatemala and is a member at the Taos Institute. She has coordinated and supervised community and clinical internships, research projects, and administrated programs at the undergraduate and graduate level. She received the Division 52 Outstanding International Psychologist Award in 2010 and was recognized by the Colegio de Psicólogos de Guatemala. She has served in several leadership positions in the Interamerican Society of Psychology, worked as editor for several journals, and as associate editor of the Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies. Currently she is Faculty Advisor for the Psi Chi, Guatemalan Chapter, serves as Guatemala Liason for Div 52 of the American Psychological Association and participates in APA Div. 29 International Committee. She is most interested in multicultural counseling and psychotherapy, supervision, working alliance, infant assessment, prevention and resilience, and community psychotherapy.

Affiliation: The TAOS Institute
Universidad del Valle de Guatemala

Guillermo Bernal

Presenter: Guillermo Bernal (Puerto Rico/USA)

Title: Cultural Adaptation of Psychological Treatments: A Systematic Review of the Ecological Validity Model

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Abstract: The presentation will first review the available evidence of the impact of cultural adaptations on treatments by offering an integrated review of meta-analytic studies of culturally adapted treatments for a wide range of mental health conditions. There are now a number of frameworks that inform the field on how to conduct cultural adaptations of evidence-based treatments and interventions (EBT/I) for diverse, ethnic-minority, and Majority World populations. We will present the findings from a systematic review of the Ecological Validity Model widely used in studies of cultural adaptations of EBT/Is. The implications of the findings to psychotherapy research will be discussed.

Bio: Guillermo Bernal is Vice President of Academic and Student Affairs and Professor at the Carlos Albizu University. Recently he retired from the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, where he was Professor of Psychology and founding Director of the Institute for Psychological Research. A primary area of work is in conducting RCTs on culturally adapted treatments for depression in youth. He is an early contributor to the dialogue on cultural adaptations of EBTs and their relevance to ethno-cultural groups. He has published numerous articles in peer reviewed journals, chapters, and nine books.

Affiliation: Albizu University, Puerto Rico


Pragya Sharma & Ram Manohar

Presenter: Pragya Sharma (India)

Title: Cultural Barriers to Psychotherapy

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Abstract: It is an ongoing challenge for mental health professionals to reach out to people from different cultures. Culture-related barriers may act as major source of bias leading to problems in therapy initiation, continuation and its success. Client’s cultural norms may be misinterpreted as symptoms of a disorder. Several culture-bound syndromes may be misunderstood. Cultural barriers may stem from differences between client and therapist cultures in the form of individualism versus collectivism, differences in verbal, emotional and behavioral expressions, preferred therapeutic approaches and views regarding mind-body separation. Further, there are several groups that are least likely to access psychotherapy. Opening up and talking about their problems may not be permissible or encouraged in several cultures. Many cultures also depend on drawing strength from their participation in the community and may look at dealing with difficult situations as the best way to develop resilience. Different beliefs about the origin of mental illness may also lead to the individual not opting for psychotherapy. This symposium elaborates on the cultural barriers one may face in psychotherapy. Both therapist and client related variables will be discussed.

Bio: Dr Pragya Sharma is a clinical psychologist and faculty at the Department of Clinical Psychology, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital at New Delhi, India. Her clinical work deals chiefly with the diagnosis, assessment and treatment of clients of all ages suffering from various psychiatric disorders. As a faculty, she is also involved in the teaching, training and supervising dissertations of MPhil Clinical Psychology trainees. She has done MPhil Clinical Psychology from Institute of Human Behavior and Allied Sciences (IHBAS) and PhD Clinical Psychology from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). Her pioneering work is in the field of transdiagnostic cognitive behavior therapy (TCBT) for adolescents with headache and anxiety disorders. She is the member of American Psychological Association (APA), and lifetime member of Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists (IACP). She is certified by Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI). She has published numerous papers in various reputed journals.

Affiliation: Pragya Sharma PhD. Department of Clinical Psychology, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India


Martin J. La Roche

Presenter: Martin J. La Roche (Venezuela/USA)

Title: Towards a Cultural Psychotherapy: Ten Cultural Recommendations

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Abstract: A growing number of psychotherapy approaches are starting to underscore the usefulness of culture within their conceptualizations and interventions. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding the importance and/or meaning of culture, which hinders its effective and systematic use within the psychotherapeutic session. Furthermore, when culture is considered it is often equated to ethnicity and race. This understanding is illustrated in most multicultural texts that are divided into chapters devoted to treat specific racial or ethnic groups. This differentiation seems to suggest that distinct types of psychotherapies are needed for each racial and ethnic group, which only seems to segregate ethnic/racial groups further and support racial and ethnic biases, while clouding socioeconomic and political interests. In this way psychotherapy inadvertently seems to validate prevalent assumptions that underscore how ethnic and racial groups are different instead of questioning them.
The goal of this presentation is to suggest 10 cultural considerations that move away from an emphasis in race and ethnicity and define culture in more inclusive and clinically useful terms. It is argued that without a cultural understanding patients and therapists will blindly follow cultural norms and assumptions. In contrast, an enhanced awareness of these cultural assumptions can lead clients and therapists to have a greater degree of freedom, flexibility and empowerment. The ten cultural recommendations are specific and concrete clinical suggestions to pursue these goals within the psychotherapeutic process and move towards a more effective cultural psychotherapy.

Bio:Martin J. La Roche, Ph.D. has been Director of Training at the Martha Eliot Health Center, which is the oldest standing community health center in the country for the last 21 years. He is an Associate Professor in Psychology at the Harvard Medical School/Boston Children’s Hospital and specializes in the development of culturally competent psychotherapeutic and assessment strategies. Dr. La Roche has over 100 peer reviewed publications/presentations on cultural competent treatments with ethnic minorities and has been Principal or Co-Principal Investigator on many research projects. Dr. La Roche is also the author of a book entitled “Cultural Psychotherapy: Theory, Methods, and Practice.” In addition, he has received many research/academic awards such as the Harvard Bridge Award, The Milton Award and was Selected Outstanding Committee Chairperson of the Year by the Massachusetts Psychological Association.

Affiliation: Harvard Medical School Venezuela/United States


Maria-Helena Jourdain

Presenter: Maria-Helena Jourdain (Brazil/Guatemala)

Title: Reflections on Cultural Conditions Influencing the Therapeutic Encounter with Ethnic Minorities: A Perspective from Guatemala.

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Abstract: This presentation will offer a brief revision of Guatemalan historical background conditioning the present perception of ethnic minorities, both as they perceive themselves as social subjects as well as their position in society's hierarchy. Presenter will address, the interrelation of these conditions with culture-bound concepts such as world view, spirit of community, family power, locus of control among others issues, focusing on pervasive relevant psychotherapeutic and counseling aspects, particularly those related to the matter of trust and self-disclosure besides the possibility of establishing a therapeutic relationship with a culturally different therapist or counselor.

Bio: Born and raised in Brasil.
Bachelor: Faculdade de Filosofia e Letras, University Campinas, S.P. Brasil.
Graduated Degree in Clinical Psychology. School of Psychology, University of Madrid, Spain.
Ph.D in Clinical Psychology. Programa de Post-Grado, Centro de Dinamica Humana-Universidad Mariano Galvez de Guatemala
Ph. Human Behavior. Newport University, Newport, USA

Lived in different countries and speaks Portuguese, Spanish, English and French. Reads and understands Italian.

10 years voluntary work as a psychologist, evaluating and counseling individuals from Guatemalan ethinic background in their choice of new work after being victims of a natural desaster that changed their lives.
Worked in a medical environment, Hospital de Dia Itzamana with direct contact with psychiatrists and their patients. Supervised psychotherapeutic work.

Private Practice in Guatemala since 1990

Professor in a Graduate Program teaching different subjects with an humanistic and existential approach: Humanistic Psychology, Existential Psychotherapy Anxiety: theory and Therapeutic Resolution, Cross Cultural Paychotherapy, Sex, Gender and Psychotherapy, Logotherapy

Affiliation: Universidad Mariano Gálvez, Centro de Dinámica Humana. Guatemala


Lorna Osgood

Presenter: Lorna Osgood (Argentina)

Title: Cultural Sensitivity in Psychotherapy Interventions

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Abstract: The integrative model of the Aiglé Foundation emphasizes that psychotherapy is a highly culturally sensitive practice. Therapists' and clients' behavior is influenced by emerging context, including perceptions of each other's characteristics, attitudes, values and behavior. The treatment design, intervention strategies and the personal style of the therapist are adjusted to the patient's background, ethnicity, and belief system. During the process each intervention formulation is attuned with the client´s schemes. Recently, the incorporation of Mindfulness into the clinical field is growing. Meditation techniques are applied to reduce stress, regulate emotions, and develop experiential self-observation. These procedures of oriental Buddhist origin are incorporated into the treatments, stripped of their cultural and religious connotation; as a skill of the mind by which the patients brings their attention to the present experience in a particular way and without judgment. It is based on particular qualities of attention and awareness that can be cultivated through meditation. The aim of this presentation is to introduce Mindfulness attuned to the patients healing believes within the framework of an Integrative Model of Psychotherapy.

Bio:Magister in Clinical Cognitive Psychology. Member of of Aiglé Foundation in Argentina. Psychotherapist specialized in Mindfulness. Co-Coordinator for Mindfulness Reserch team-work in Aiglé Foundation.
Full Professor at the Maimónides University at the undergraduate level. Invited Professor at the Graduate Training Program in Individual and Group Psychotherapy of the Aiglé Foundation and the Maimónides University and at the University of Belgrano, Master's Degree in Clinical Cognitive Psychology.

Affiliation: Fundación Aiglé, Argentina


Discussant: Pragya Sharma (India)

Esther Greenglass

Esther Greenglass (Canada)

Focus of Lecture: Economic Stress and Psychological Factors: Theoretical and Empirical Implications

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Nominating Division/Section: Division 9: Economic Psychology

Abstract: Increasingly psychologists are recognizing that economic stress can be an important factor in decreasing psychological health and well-being. Psychological theory can contribute to increased understanding of the processes involved in the development of economic distress and its consequences. This symposium consists of five original empirical studies that focus on crucial factors that contribute to the development of economic stress and its consequences for behaviour. Research is also presented here that investigates the role of psychological resources in lessening the deleterious effects of economic distress. The papers present experimental and questionnaire data from 3 countries: Canada, France and Germany that are interpreted according to several psychological theories. For example, in one paper, social representation theory is employed to help understand social knowledge associated with critical economic events such as the recent economic downturn. Additional research presented here underlines the importance of the role of appraisal of financial threat as a mediator on stress, anxiety job burnout and willingness to protest. In three of the papers, the behavioural reactions to economic deterioration are examined, such as, willingness to undertake economic action and intention to engage in constructive financial behaviours that would lessen distress and thereby increase psychological well-being. In one of these papers, they develop a self-report scale, “Willingness to change financial behaviour”, that assesses motivation to change one’s behaviour that would decrease stress. Another paper reports that economic hardship moderates the relationship between financial threat and constructive financial behaviour. In another paper, an experimental paradigm is used to explore the causal relationship between economic stress, financial threat and anxiety. This research reports that self-compassion, a psychological resource, may play an important role in decreasing economic distress in difficult economic times. The role of psychological resources is further explored in a study that reports that employability mediated effects of self-esteem and self-efficacy on job burnout Taken together, these papers are at the forefront of research in the economic behavioural sphere, integrating economic and psychological factors with psychological theory that increase our understanding of the development of economic stress and its consequences for behaviour. The research presented here also contributes to the area of occupational health by integrating the study of economic factors with variables studied in the development of burnout including employability,for example. In addition to their theoretical importance, these papers have applied implications for behaviour that can be used to develop interventions and policy to decrease economic distress and improve psychological well-being especially during turbulent economic times.

Bio: Esther Greenglass is professor of Psychology at York University in Toronto, Canada. She has served as president of IAAP’s Division 8, Health Psychology. She is a Fellow of CPA, APA and IAAP. She has published widely in the areas of gender roles, work-family issues, coping, burnout and stress and more recently, economic stress. Her work appears in a wide variety of academic journals, in edited volumes on emotion, work stress and coping as well as in encyclopedia chapters. She has co-authored The Proactive Coping Inventory, currently available on the Internet, which has been translated into 16 languages and is being used internationally to assess coping skills. Professor Greenglass has presented papers and invited addresses at international psychology conferences in North America, South America, Europe and Asia. Currently she heads an international consortium of psychologists studying psychological factors relating to financial threat, economic hardship and their behavioural implications. Integrating economic and psychological factors, this work contributes to the growing body of research that focuses on understanding the relationship between emotional and motivational factors, and behaviour in the economic sphere.

Affiliation: York University, Toronto, Canada


Presenter: Jérémy Lemoine (France)

Title: The Influence of Financial Threat on Willingness to Act

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Abstract: The 2008 economic crisis led numerous countries into economic hardship. Therefore, today people feel financially threatened by this economic downturn. They not only have individual feelings about an economic crisis and its consequences, but they also share information, emotions, thoughts, and facts; moreover, they often act according to their feelings. This threat can influence people’s willingness to act in order to cope with the economic situation. In this paper, the social representation theory helps to understand social knowledge associated with the economic crisis. The study is organized around two main objectives: (1) to compare the social representation of the economic crisis according to people’s level of financial threat, and (2) to study the mediating role of financial threat between people’s economic situations and their willingness to undertake economic actions, i.e., saving, consumption, and citizens' activities, i.e., protests. The sample was composed of 172 French females and 106 French males, age 18 to 78 years (M = 38.9, SD = 15.39). They responded to a free-association task based on the ‘economic crisis’ as the inductor as well as financial threat, willingness to act, and a series of economic measures. Results support the hypothesis of the existence of different social representations of the economic crisis according to level of financial threat. Second, financial threat was found to fully mediate the relationship between economic situational measures and the willingness to protest. Implications of the results are discussed.

Bio: Dr Jérémy Lemoine is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at ESCP Europe in London and a Research Associate at the University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France with a focus on economic and I/O psychology. His research interests include the influence of variables, such as, the economic crisis and leadership on psychological well-being in the workplace with a penchant for cross-cultural studies. He is also a psychological consultant and works on improving employee well-being.

Affiliation: ESCP Europe Business School, France



Presenter: Lisa Fiksenbaum (Canada)

Title: A Scale to Assess One’s Willingness To Change Financial Behaviour

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Abstract: The global economy recently emerged from a long period of economic recession, its worstLisaFiksenbaum-circle.png financial and economic crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. The global economic downturn has had wide-ranging negative outcomes for individuals, families, and societies (e.g., poverty, substance abuse, mental illness, including depression and suicide). In addition, unemployment rose sharply worldwide, particularly for young adults. For many workers who did not lose their jobs, they were forced to accept reduced working hours as well as lower wages and benefits. In accord with Ajzen’s (1991) theory of planned behaviour, individuals may be motivated to adopt a plan of intended action to decisively change their financial situations. In the present study, we developed a new self-report scale to assess one’s motivation to change their behaviour. This scale, “Willingness to change financial behaviour”, consists of 15 items and measures the extent to which an individual intends to adopt a plan of action to increase income, decrease expenses, and change debt levels. In developing the scale, it was thought that in order to change one’s financial situation, it was necessary to make these three kinds of changes to maximize resources and reduce expenses and liabilities. We also tested a theoretical model, in two samples of students who completed an online questionnaire, which examined the association between personal debt, anxiety, and economic hardship with financial threat, and in turn, financial threat’s relationship with willingness to change financial behaviour, job search behaviour and psychological distress. Structural equation modeling (SEM) revealed that the data fit the model. Specifically, debt, economic hardship, and anxiety were all related positively to financial threat, which itself related positively to willingness to change, job search, and psychological distress. Importantly, financial threat mediated the relationship between these economic-situational predictors and affective-behavioural outcomes of financial stain. This study contributes to the economic and psychological literature by integrating emotional and cognitive reactions with economic stressors and has important implications for planned behaviour or intention to act in the financial sphere.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision
Processes, 50, 179-211.

Bio: Lisa Fiksenbaum, PhD, is a Psychology lecturer at a number of universities and was a statistical consultant at York University in Toronto, Canada for several years. She has extensive expertise in quantitative analysis and has published widely in the areas of stress, coping, burnout, work-family conflict and economic psychology.

Affiliation: York University, Canada



Presenter: Robert Zieringer (Germany)

Title: Predictors of Burnout: Role of Resources and Financial Factors

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Abstract: The long-term effects of the 2008 financial crisis are found in continuing unemployment, job insecurity and erosion of family savings which have contributed to widespread stress and burnout. This paper aims to identify relationships between psychological resources, occupational factors and burnout in an employed German sample after the peak of the financial crisis in 2010. The theoretical framework builds on the Transactional Theory of Stress (Lazarus and Folkman, 1984) and an extension of this model (Zapf & Semmer, 2004), which are applied to an understanding of adverse financial circumstances in a recession that evoke stress and burnout and the role of resources in lessening their deleterious effects. Data were collected in an online questionnaire that assessed self-esteem and self-efficacy (personal resource variables), employability and burnout (occupational variables) and financial variables such as perceptions of threat associated with one’s financial situation (financial threat). Results of structural equation modeling showed that employability mediated effects of resources on burnout as hypothesized. Findings also showed that financial threat was a direct predictor of burnout as well as a mediator of resources on burnout, thus, confirming the importance of appraisal of one’s financial situation as a major stressor precipitating burnout. This research provides support for a comprehensive model of burnout that integrates occupational and resource variables with financial threat, thus adding an important dimension to the theoretical literature on burnout. It also has applied implications for policy in the area of worker well-being by pointing to the resources that can be developed to help buffer individuals from the deleterious effects of work stress and burnout.

Bio: Robert Zieringer earned his Bachelor's degree in Psychology at Goethe University, Frankfurt and then pursued a Master's degree at Goethe University, with an extended stay at the University of Toronto. During that time he was also an active member of Dr. Greenglass' lab at York University in Toronto. He completed his Master's thesis under the supervision of Dr. Greenglass and Dr. Zapf (Goethe University). The topic of his thesis was financial threat and its impact on health. Currently he is working for an Employee Assistance Program (EAP) provider in Germany and pursuing his doctorate at the same time. Besides research in economic and financial psychology, his interests include performance evaluation, key performance indicators for corporate health interventions, return-on-investment calculations and biological/physiological indicators of health.

Affiliation: Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany



Presenter: Zdravko Marjanovic (Canada)

Title: Financial Threat Predicts Behavioural Intentions that Can Improve Personal Finances

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Abstract: Guided by the conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989), this research examines whether the negative psychological experience of financial threat (a sense of fear, anxious-anxiety, and preoccupation about the adequacy, stability, and security of one’s financial resources) is related to individuals making sounder financial decisions that would improve their financial situations and limit exposure to risks. We collected data from two undergraduate samples in 2015 and 2016 using online questionnaires. Correlational analysis showed that financial threat relates more with changes in economic hardship, i.e., reduced income, increased expenses and debts, than with current levels of financial prosperity, i.e., income, expenses, and debt, and financial threat correlates with constructive financial behaviours, such as willingness to cut expenses and increase job search activity. Multiple regression analyses showed that economic hardship moderates the relationship between financial threat and constructive financial behaviour. Specifically, when economic hardship is high, individuals with high and low levels of financial threat are willing to engage in constructive financial behaviours. When hardship is low, conversely, it is mainly individuals with high financial threat who willingly engage in constructive financial behaviour. We recommend that future research focus on behavioural reactions to financial deterioration as well as coping strategies to mitigate financial threat. Financial behaviours may be best understood through the lens of this extensive psychology literature.

Bio: Zdravko Marjanovic is an assistant professor of Psychology at Concordia University of Edmonton, in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. His research interests span broad areas of social-personality, health, and economic psychology.

Affiliation: Concordia University of Edmonton, Canada



Presenter: Daniel Chiacchia (Canada)

Title: The Role of Self-Compassion During Difficult Economic Times

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Abstract: The negative effects of the financial crisis of 2007/2008 are still being felt today as seen in the relatively high levels of youth unemployment in many countries. As a result, many young people experience high stress levels when facing an uncertain and precarious job market. According to the Transactional Theory of Stress (Folkman & Lazarus, 1988), distress is a function of events that can be threatening or challenging and an individual's personal resources, including coping and certain personality traits, may serve a protective role during the stress process. In order to examine the psychological effects of financial stress, an online experiment was conducted using a scenario in which students imagined themselves graduating and not being able to find a job. Participants were 178 undergraduate students (78.1% female; Mage = 20.00, SD = 4.29) who were randomly assigned to read a news article that documented an uncertain financial future with limited job opportunities (the economic stress group) or an article that documented a tour of the Royal Canadian Mint (the control group). Correlational analyses and structural equation modeling indicated as expected that economic stress led to an increase in financial threat and state anxiety, and that financial threat mediated the effect of economic stress on anxiety. Additionally, greater self-compassion led to lower levels of financial threat and state anxiety. These findings suggest that self-compassion may be an important resource that can lessen distress during times of economic threat. As such, this study provides further evidence for the role of psychological factors in reactions to stress within an economic context and represents a step in the direction of informing tools and interventions that may promote a more positive approach to career building in young people while reducing their anxiety.

Bio: Daniel completed his Honours Bachelor of Arts in Psychology at York University in 2017 under the supervision of Dr. Esther Greenglass. He is currently a Research and Evaluation Assistant at Kinark Child and Family Services as well as a Research Assistant at York University. For his research, Daniel investigates the relationship between self-compassion and threat, especially in the economic domain.

Affiliation: York University, Canada


Discussant: Esther Greenglass, York University, Canada

Heather Hadjistavropoulos

Heather Hadjistavropoulos (Canada)

Focus of Lecture: Improving Access to Mental Health Services via the Internet: Opportunities and Challenges

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Nominating Division/Section: Clinical; Psychologists in Hospitals & Health Centres: Rural & Northern

Abstract: Anxiety and depressive disorders are prevalent and disabling conditions that are frequently under-treated. Common barriers to receiving psychological services include limited time and mobility, concerns about privacy, as well as a desire to self-manage symptoms. Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) has significant potential to improve patient access to evidenced-based care and to overcome treatment barriers. In ICBT, patients are typically assessed for suitability or diagnosis in some format (online, telephone, in person) and then if appropriate given access to self-help treatment materials via the Internet. ICBT is often accompanied by therapist support using secure emails or telephone calls, but at times blended with in person sessions. Research trials of ICBT have been very encouraging showing positive symptom improvement that is maintained over time and comparable to face-to-face CBT. Given the promising research findings, teams around the world have been involved in implementing ICBT in routine care. Implementation varies to some extent along a number of dimensions including implementation setting, funding, inclusion/exclusion criteria, screening and assessment procedures, nature of programs, as well as amount and type of therapist support. In this symposium, leaders in ICBT implementation from Australia (Nick Titov), Canada (Heather Hadjistavropoulos), Sweden (Viktor Kaldo), and the Netherlands (Heleen Riper) will describe their involvement/approach to ICBT implementation and also describe findings related to reach and effectiveness. Each presenter will also describe challenges and opportunities related to implementation. The presentations will be followed by a panel discussion during which the presenters will comment on similarities and differences in implementation approaches, reach and effectiveness, challenges and opportunities, including a discussion of potential benefits of international collaboration. The symposium is expected to foster a broader understanding of strategies for optimally implementing ICBT to improve patient access to mental health care.

Bio: Dr. Heather Hadjistavropoulos is a Professor of Psychology and Founder and Director of the Online Therapy Unit ( at the University of Regina. She has led or co-led over 37 research grants (with over $7 million CAD in grant funding) and published and presented widely on the assessment and treatment of anxiety and depression and on initiatives to improve health care delivery (over 140 publications). Since 2010, via the Online Therapy Unit, Dr. Hadjistavropoulos has focussed on researching and improving the reach, adoption, effectiveness, and implementation of internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) in clinical practice. With more than $3 million CAD in funding from granting agencies and government contracts, this unit has: 1) overseen the development of a web application and policies and procedures for the delivery of ICBT; 2) collaborated with international experts to disseminate previously developed ICBT programs; 3) trained over 200 community providers and graduate students on how to use ICBT; and 4) as of Fall 2017, coordinated, monitored and evaluated the delivery of ICBT with over 2500 clients in 12 clinic settings. The Online Therapy Unit is having a substantial impact on mental health care in Saskatchewan and inspiring similar initiatives in other Canadian provinces.

Affiliation: University of Regina
Professor of Psychology & Director, Online Therapy Unit
Certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, CACBT

Nick Titov

Presenter: Nick Titov (Australia)

Title: The MindSpot Clinic, Australia

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Implementation and Context: The MindSpot Clinic (MindSpot) provides free virtual assessment, referral, and treatment services to adults troubled by symptoms of anxiety and depressive disorders, across Australia. MindSpot launched in 2013 and is funded by the Australian Government as part of a strategy to improve access to evidence-based care.
MindSpot provides free educational material on the website, and clinical services to people who register. Participants first complete demographic and symptom questionnaires, online or via telephone, followed by a clinical interview about symptoms, relevant external factors, and treatment options. Participants then choose between self-management, referral to another service, or treatment at MindSpot. MindSpot provides internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatments (iCBT) that have been validated in clinical trials, and are administered over eight weeks. Validated clinical patient reproted outcome measures are administered weekly and at 3-months post-treatment. Therapists include a range of mental health professionals, who contact and monitor participants weekly during treatment.
Reach and Effectiveness: Since January 2013, >90,000 Australians have registered to use MindSpot. Approximately 90% self-refer, 70% are female, mean age = 35 (range = 18 - 98 years), 40% live outside cities, 4% are Indigenous, 80% are not receiving mental health services, 1% present in crisis. Of those beginning iCBT (25%), 72% complete treatment with mean uncontrolled effect size of >1.20 across measures. Participant satisfaction is high, and deterioration rates are low (<4%).
Challenges and Opportunities: MindSpot is achieving its objectives of increasing access to evidence-based mental health services. MindSpot has been well received by the public and health services. External challenges faced by MindSpot include securing funding in the context of evolving Government policy. Internal challenges include updating the service models based on evolving participant needs. Likely future directions for MindSpot include delivering a broader range of treatments and treatment models.

Bio: Nick Titov is a Professor of Psychology at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. He is Co-Director of the eCentreClinic ( research unit, which develops and evaluates psychological treatments for high prevalence disorders including anxiety disorders, depression, and chronic pain. Nick is also Project Director of two virtual clinics, the MindSpot Clinic ( and PORTS (, which deliver the treatments developed at the eCentreClinic to adults across Australia. Nick is a Clinical Psychologist, he serves on the state board of the Psychology Board of Australia, and is an advisor to the Australian Government on matters pertaining to digital mental health services.
Nick has led or been a co-investigator in research and clinical teams who have conducted more than 70 clinical trials involving more than 7,000 people. He has authored or co-authored >140 peer reviewed papers and book chapters. Nick has led or collaborated in teams who have received >$50 million CAD in funding, and he currently leads a team of 50 people.

Affiliation: eCentreClinic, MindSpot Clinic, and PORTS, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia



Presenter: Viktor Kaldo (Sweden)

Title: The Internet Psychiatry Clinic in Stockholm, Sweden

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Implementation and Context: The Internet Psychiatry Clinic was founded 2007 in Stockholm, Sweden, and is funded as regular care. The technical platform is reached via a secure national eHealth service.
Patients with depression, social anxiety, panic disorder, irritable bowel syndrome, and insomnia from all over Sweden are eligible if they fill out an on-line questionnaire and come to a face-to-face psychiatric assessment. Main exclusion criteria are severe depression, high risk of suicide, language/cognitive impairments or too complex psychosocial situation. About 50% of patients receive high quality referrals instead of ICBT.
A specific ICBT-program exists for each condition. Treatments are 12 weeks long and consist of 10 mostly text-based modules. A clinical psychologists provides feedback via text messages within the platform, encourage low-active patients, and monitor progress via weekly measures of the main outcome and depression/suicide risk. Patients in need receive an extra assessment and referrals after treatment and all do an online follow-up assessment after 3 months.
Reach and Effectiveness About 2.2 million citizens live in the Stockholm County. From 2008 about 5800 patients have received ICBT. The vast majority is self-referred. About 40% of patients have at least one co-morbid condition and 40% have had their condition for more than 10 years. Effect sizes are d=1.18 for depression, d=0.80 for social anxiety, and d=1.24 for panic disorder. On average 60% of the modules are completed.
Challenges and Opportunities Main challenges lie in increasing referrals, possibly by developing video/telephone assessments. Also, to broaden which conditions that can be treated at the clinic is a future goal, for example by implementing tailored ICBT. Regarding opportunities, our local quality system not only ensures continuous development but also inspires traditional psychiatric care. Also, the data collected will be analysed with machine learning in order to build clinical decision support tools.

Bio: Dr. Viktor Kaldo is a Professor of Clinical Psychology and have been a pioneer in founding two ICBT clinics. The first was a smaller unit implemented in 1999 at the Uppsala University Hospital where patients with tinnitus could get ICBT to reduce the related distress and increase functionality. The second, where he since many years are Head of Development, are the Internet Psychiatry Clinic ( presented in the current symposium. Dr. Kaldo has recently become a full Professor at the Linneaus University (Växjö, Sweden) while still being active as a researcher as the Karolinska Institutet and the Centre for Psychiatric Research, Stockholm County Council. He has authored or co-authored 66 peer reviewed papers, 3 books and 4 book chapters. He has been Primary Investigator for 15 clinical trials and in total received $3.6 million CAD as main applicant and $2.2 million as co-applicant.
Dr. Kaldos research is focused on four areas all related to psychological treatment via the Internet: Validation, Innovation, New Knowledge, and Implementation. Recently, he became P.I. of a large translational research project on ‘Learning Machines’ in close collaboration with the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, with the aim to predict outcome for individual patients receiving ICBT.

Affiliation: Associate Professor, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden



Presenter: Heleen Riper (Netherlands)

Title: Evaluating & Implementing Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy in Routine Care in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities

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Abstract: Over the last two decades the digital landscape of mental health care research and service innovation has gained momentum. This period is characterized by many success stories but brilliant failures as well. Today, e-mental health is like a two-headed Janus. One side of his face illustrates the birth of innovative technologies that entered mental health services and research practices. In parallel, the evidence base for the application of these new technologies, such as internet-based treatments for depression, has been established with effect sizes comparable to those of face-to-face treatments. The other side of his face shows, however, that eMental-health has not yet lived up to its’ full potential as its actual delivery, evaluation and implementation in routine care has proven to be a much longer and bumpier road than expected. The question addressed in this symposium will be ‘what does the future hold’? Acknowledging that futures are difficult to predict we nevertheless provide insights on how we may overcome some of these bumps and how we may create a future that serves our needs. We will argue that a new paradigm for mental health care is required in which a research by design approach is adopted that integrates scientific methods for the development of innovative health care innovation (‘co-creation’), with evaluation (‘beyond RCT’s only’) and implementation (‘evidence-based implementation strategies’) of these interventions in routine care settings as well. Riper will illustrate this new paradigm by virtue of the results of two innovative research projects that are indicative for such a research by design approach. Results of the European Comparative Effectiveness Study on Blended Treatment for Depression in Routine Care will be presented as well as the outline of the European ImpleMentAll project that aims to provide an evidence-based approach to development, application, and evaluation of tailored e-mental-health implementation strategies within the context ongoing ICBT implementation initiatives in the EU and beyond.

Bio: Heleen Riper is Professor of eMental-Health at the VU University Amsterdam at the Department of Clinical, Neuro- & Developmental Psychology, Honorary Professor at the Telepsychiatric Center and Institute of Clinical Research at the University of Southern Denmark and Senior Researcher at the GGZinGeest (The Netherlands). Her national and European research is focused on the development, (cost-)effectiveness and implementation of innovative new media interventions for common mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety and problem drinking. This is expressed in over 40 large national and European research projects and over 100 national and international (co) authored publications on eMental-health in peer reviewed journals. She is an invited speaker on these topics on (inter)national scientific and professional conferences. She is a board member and past president of the International Society (ISRII) for Research on Internet Interventions, founder and chair of the Dutch ISRII (NSRII) and co-founder of the European Society for Research on Internet Interventions (ESRII). Heleen Riper has worked for a decade at the Trimbos Institute (2000 - 2010) as Director of the Program of Early Intervention and the Innovation Centre of Mental-Health and Technology. She also chaired the Centre of Prevention. Before this period she worked at the University of Amsterdam and the University of Limerick (Republic of Ireland).

Affiliation: Professor, VU University, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Section of Clinical Psychology. Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Zhi-Jin Hou

Zhi-Jin Hou (China)

Focus of Lecture: Career Development Service in the 21st Century

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Nominating Division/Section: Counselling

Abstract: Career development issue is a big challenge for university students as well as employees in the 21 century. In this symposium, we aim to explore how to provide better career service to students and employees from diverse background, in order to facilitate their career development to cope with difficulties and challenges. Hsiu-Lan Tien will examine the similarities and differences of career services provided by Beijing Normal University and Taiwan Normal University using ecosystem model. Asami Senoo & Hana Suzuki will discuss how to provide better ways of career education that meets the needs of each individual in the changing Japanese society. Natalee Popadiuk will report the professional mentoring programs for international students in Canada. Laurent Sovet and his colleagues will elaborate the implementation of meaning-centered career intervention among college students within the French context. Jing Ni will address how internet use affects employees’ career development and implications for use internet to help people.

Bio: Zhi-Jin Hou is professor of counseling in the Faculty of Psychology at Beijing Normal University, China. She got her Ph.D. from Chinese University of Hong Kong in 2002. She is now a currently Non-US based chair in the international section of counseling psychology division in APA as well as a Liaison of China in counseling psychology division of IAAP. She is a board member of Clinical and Counseling Psychology committee of Chinese Psychological Society. She is the principle investigator of research project funded by the National Social Science Foundation of China. She was invited to convene an Invited Symposium at the International Congress of Psychology in 2016.

Affiliation: Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China


Presenters: Laurent Sovet, Caroline Arnoux-Nicolas & Jean-Luc Bernaud (France)

Title: Promoting Meaning-Centered Career Interventions in the 21st Century

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Background: In the last few decades, there has been a growing interest to examine career development through an existential lens. In a postmodern world, helping individuals to identify and to build meaningful life roles has become a crucial challenge for both practitioners and researchers (Bernaud, Lhotellier, Sovet, Arnoux-Nicolas, & Pelayo, 2015).
Methods: While meaning appears as a central aspect within life design interventions (Guichard, Bangali, Cohen-Scali, Pouyaud, & Robinet, 2017), several meaning-centered career interventions have been recently developed and tested (for a review, see Arnoux-Nicolas et al., 2017)
Action/Impact: The present contribution will introduce the implementation of meaning-centered career intervention among college students within the French context and present the preliminary evidences of its effectiveness
Conclusions: Meaning-centered activities within career interventions may be considered as a critical ingredient that could enhance both career development and psychological well-being and facilitate educational and career transitions.

Laurent Sovet, Paris Descartes University, France
Caroline Arnoux-Nicolas, National Conservatory of Applied Technology, France
Jean-Luc Bernaud, National Conservatory of Applied Technology, France



Presenters: Asami Senoo & Hana Suzuki (Japan)

Title: The Recent Situation of Career Education in Japanese Universities

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Abstract: Career education started in Japanese universities with the economic deterioration after the collapse of the bubble economy. In Japan, most companies have traditionally hired newly graduated university students. However, since the 2000’s, employment difficulties among young people have become social problems, and career education has been introduced.
In our research, we examined the types and the contents of career education conducted in Japanese universities. We obtained data from the results of government surveys, field work in university settings, and interview on career consultants.
Career education is often provided by those who previously worked in temporary staffing business. and are qualified as career consultants; however, they only talk about how to survive in Japanese companies to over 200 students in one classroom. This way of providing career education is not adequate for each student.
Career education has focused on students’ adaptation to the unique Japanese labor market, because most people live a "standard life course", such as, "getting a job, a spouse, and children." However, it is crucial to provide career education and counseling which gears students towards changing labor market and life course.
The job market and life styles are diversifying and there are many troubles that they could not foresee coming in the previous era. It is necessary for us to think about providing better ways of career education that meets the needs of each individual and of changing Japanese society.

Affiliation: Ritsumeikan University, Osaka, Japan



Presenter: Hsiu-Lan S. Tien (Taiwan)

Title: A Systemic Approach of Career Services for College Students in Chinese Culture

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Background: Though Career Counseling is important for an individual during his/her life, few studies have examined the effects of career programs from the viewpoint of ecosystem. This study aimed to examine and compare the effects of career services provided by two universities from the viewpoint of ecosystem, and to provide feedbacks.
Methods: In Beijing Normal University and Taiwan Normal University, quantitative data (students’ perceptions of career services, concerning career difficulties, adaptability, efficacy, sense of hope and career needs) and qualitative data (the staff, advisors, and faculty members regarding career services provided by were interviewed) were collected.
Results: Similarities and differences between career services of the two universities were identified and differentiated. Base on the analysis, a systemic approach of career services which match the student’s needs was developed.
Action/Impact: This study helped to develop a computerized system to provide the college students with a more comprehensive career service system.
Conclusions: Quantitative data and qualitative data were collected and integrated to examine the effects of career services from the viewpoint of ecosystem and a systemic approach of career services which match the student’s needs was developed.
Abstract Summary: Career Counseling is an important issue for college students. However, little studies have been conducted to examine the effects of career programs from the viewpoint of ecosystem. The purpose of the current study is to examine the effects of career services provided by two universities (one in Beijin and the other one in Taiwan) from the viewpoint of ecosystem. The purpose was to provide feedbacks for universities to develop career services more effectively for the students.
In the literature part, we first reviewed studies on career needs perceived by the students. Indicators for the criterion variables such as career adaptability, career efficacy, career difficulties, and sense of hope were then discussed. For the method part, we first collect students’ perception of career services, more specifically, career difficulties, adaptability, efficacy, sense of hope and career needs were examined. In the next stage, we interview the staff, advisors, and faculty members regarding career services provided by the universities in Beijin Normal University and Taiwan Normal University. Similarities and differences were explored and compared. In the last stage, we integrate quantitative and qualitative data and develop a systemic approach of career services which match the student’s needs. If it is possible, we hope to develop a computerized system to provide the college students a more comprehensive career service system.

Affiliation: Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan



Presenters: Jing NI & Xiao-peng Tian (The People’s Republic of China)

Title: How Internet Use Affects Employees’ Career Development: Moderation Effects of Attitudes Toward Internet.

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Abstract: This study is concerned with the career development of Chinese employees in the age of Internet. Since Internet has become an essential part of most people’s daily lives (CNNIC, 2017), some researchers put attentions to the impact of Internet uses on peoples’ attitudes and behaviors (such as subjective well-being; Kim & Kim, 2017). However, there are two limitations in this new area: first, the impact of Internet uses on career development has not been well studied; second, little relevant studies are conducted in China where lies a different Internet ecology.
To further this area, in the current study the relation between people’s Internet uses and their career development will be examined. Based on Career Construction Theory (Savickas, 2005, 2013), the relations among Internet use, attitudes toward Internet, self-efficacy, career adaptability and job satisfaction are explored and an integrative model is tested. Meanwhile, the effects of several demographic variables (e.g., gender, age, SES) on various variables as well as on the patterns of interrelations among variables in the proposed models are also examined.
In our plan, a total of 750 employees will be recruited from Internet. These participants should have different educational background (from middle school to doctors) and are engaged in various kinds of occupations (such as public sector, financial industry, E-commerce). Measures used in this study are all existing mature scales except for the Internet attitude scale which will be constructed for this study.

Jing NI, Faculty of Nursing, Jiujiang University, Jiujiang City, The People’s Republic of China
Xiao-peng Tian, Faculty of psychology, Beijing Normal University, The People’s Republic of China



Presenter: Natalee E. Popadiuk (Canada)

Title: Supporting International Student Career Development: Insights from a Group of Canadian Business Mentors

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Background: International students are rarely the focus of the mentoring literature, despite the fact that mentoring can provide many positive outcomes to students. Also, little is known about the experiences of professionals who provide formal mentoring to international students. Thus, it is difficult to know how professional mentors navigate cultural differences.
Methods: Focused ethnography was used to study a particular sub-culture (professional business mentors and international student mentees) within a particular community and context (university mentoring program) in order to elicit specific knowledge and meaning about their experiences in relation to an identified problem (common and unique issues compared to domestic students).
Results: This study provides new knowledge about how professional business mentors perceive and work with international student mentees. Results highlighted that mentors’ cultural backgrounds, international work, and interest in diversity facilitated successful mentoring relationships. Most mentors went beyond obvious differences to connect with each student as an individual.
Action/Impact: Mentoring relationships with professional business people in the field support international students with insights about and connections to the local Canadian economy and hidden job market. Professional mentoring programs in university business schools provide a meaningful way to assist international students to transition from university-to-work in Canada post-graduation.
Conclusions: This study explored the experiences of professionals who mentor international university students in a Canadian business school. Mentors discussed the value added to their own lives through these relationships, as well as the importance of these connections to students. Professional mentoring programs would benefit international students in other academic disciplines.

Affiliation: University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada

Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela

Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela (Brazil)

Focus of Lecture: European Psychologists Emigrant to Latin America

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Nominating Division/Section: Division 18: History of Applied Psychology

Abstract: The topic of this symposium is an analysis of the issues associated with European psychologists who migrated to Latin America, and their influence on the origin and development of Latin American psychology. It presents novel ideas and descriptions of the reasons to emigrate, the lives and scientific contributions of the European migrants, the psychological communities already in existence in the countries to which they emigrated and related issues. The presenters offer unique perspectives of the cultural context of psychology, politics, academic environments and social acceptance of the new ideas brought by the European psychologists. Among the reasons to emigrate are the two World Wars and the Spanish Civil War. The majority of the European psychologists who migrated settled down in Brazil, Argentina, Chile and Mexico, although some others lived and worked in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, and other nations. Before they emigrated, they were recognized figures in the intellectual environment of their original countries, and found in the new nations small communities of people interested in psychological issues, with information about research and applications. Special importance had developments in educational psychology, psychotechnique, experimental psychology, the reform of delinquents, child development, personnel selection, etc. Some of the migrants had direct influence on the origin of psychology as an academic and applied discipline. In other cases the influence was more indirect, through their books, scientific publications, etc. The impact was in all cases very relevant for psychology in Latin America.

Bio: Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela holds a degree in Psychology from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (1972), a Master's degree in Psychology from the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (RJ) (1980) and a Ph.D. in School and Human Development Psychology from the University of São Paulo (1996). History and Historiography of Psychology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (2004). She is an associate professor at UERJ, working in the Postgraduate Program in Social Psychology and in the Psychology Undergraduate Program. She coordinates, at UERJ, the History and Memory Laboratory of Psychology - Clio-Psyché, dedicated to research on the history of psi knowledge in Brazil and registered as a Technological Development Unit (UDT) at the Research and Graduate Sub-Rectory. She was coordinator of the Graduate Program in Social Psychology at UERJ (2001-2003, 2003-2005, 2013-2015). She is a researcher at CNPq, Scientist of Our State by Faperj and Procientista from UERJ. Participated in the group that created the Social History GT of ANPEPP, which coordinated in its first moment (2014) and currently (2016-2018). She also participated in and coordinated the History of Psychology WG of the Inter-American Society of Psychology (2011-2013; 2013/2015). She also participated in the creation and coordination of the Ibero-American Network of Researchers in the History of Psychology (RIPePH), which currently brings together over one hundred researchers from different countries. She was a member of the Evaluation Committee of the Capes Psychology Department (2004-2009), President of ABRAPSO - Brazilian Association of Social Psychology (2006-2007) and Vice President of its Regional Rio (2008-2009) as well as President of ANPEPP (National Association of Research and Post-graduation in Psychology) (2010-2012). She was Executive Secretary for South America (2013-2015, 2015-2017) and is currently Vice President for South America of the Inter-American Society of Psychology. She is President-Elect of Division 18 (History of Psychology) of the International Applied Association of Psychology (IAAP). (2014-2018). She is part of the Scientific Committee of several journals and is a thinker for national development agencies, as well as state agencies and other countries. She has been Coordinator of Faperj's Psychology Department since 2012. Her main area of interest is the history of psi knowledge and its circulation and reception, highlighting Brazil and Latin America. 2015-2017) and is currently Vice President for South America of the Inter-American Society of Psychology.

Affiliation: Laboratório de História e Memória da Psicologia - Clio-Psyché
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social - UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Editora da Seção Clio-Psyché da revista Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia -
Vice-Presidente para a América do Sul da Sociedade Interamericana de Psicologia -
Presidente Eleita da Divisão 18 (History of Psychology) da International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP)

Rubén Ardila

Presenter: Rubén Ardila (Colómbia)

Title: Migrant Europeam Psychologists To Latin America. Whom, Why, Where

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Abstract: In the history of psychology, migrant European psychologists to the United States, China, Russia, Japan, Latin America, and other parts of the world, have been very influential. This can be seen in the case of Wolfang Kohler, Kurt Lewin, W. Radecki, Emilio Mira y López, Ángel Garma, Erich Fromm and many others. In the particular case of the Americas, psychologists interested in conceptual and experimental issues emigrated in large proportion to the U.S., while psychologists interested in applied issues migrated to Latin American countries, mainly Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Colombia, but also to other nations. The role of European emigrant psychologists is analized for the case of Latin America, including their motivation to migrate, the role they had in the development of psychology in the New World, and the historical evaluation of their work. They found a “critical mass” of people interested in psychological issues, study centers, etc, that were very receptive to the new ideas coming from Europe.

Bio: Rubén Ardila is a Colombian psychologist and research professor National University of Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia. He received a degree in Psychology from the National University of Colombia and later a Doctorate in Experimental Psychology from Nebraska University, Lincoln, United States. Ardila has traveled through different areas of research always within Psychology. He has had an outstanding activity in the field of psychological institutions and international relations. He is considered by some as the most recognized Latin American psychologist.

Affiliation: Universidad Nacional de Colómbia, Bogotá, Colómbia


Helio Carpintero

Presenter: Helio Carpintero (Spain)

Title: The Reunification of Spanish Psychology. The 1949 ICAP Congress (Bern, Switrzerland)

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Abstract: Modern psychology was introduced in Spain in the last decades of the XIXth century, and was mainly oriented toward applied issues. Two main groups became involved in the process, one in Barcelona, headed by Emilio Mira y Lopez, and another in Madrid, headed by G. R. Lafora and José Germain. Both groups collaborated in the creation of an applied psychology network, and contributed to the foundation and development of the “Société Internationale de Psychotechnique”, (the organization that eventually became the current IAAP). The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) divided the country, and psychology, as well as other cultural institutions, lost its advanced cultivators. After the defeat of the Republic many professionals went into exile . They recovered their normal life in various Latin American countries that welcomed them. In Spain, on the other hand, scientific psychology practically disappeared, and it took several years to recover. The ICAP 1949 in Bern, chaired by H. Piéron , with the active support of its secretary, F. Baumgarten-Tramer, restored this tradition. In that Congress some distinguished Spanish exiled psychologists – among them Emilio Mira and Mercedes Rodrigo, -- , and some others coming from the metropolis – J. Germain, J. Mallart, M. Yela, and some others – met again and recovered their lost cooperation and unity . The paper emphasizes the parallel contributions of E. Mira and J. Germain, and the meaning of that reunification for the entire Spanish psychology community.

Bio: Member of the Spanish Academy of Psychology, Helio Carpintero Capell received his PhD from the Complutense University, where he is currently Professor of Basic Psychology. Since 2000, he is a Full Member of the Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, and he is also a member of the Royal Academies of Belgium and of the Sciences of Lisbon, and an Honorary Member of the Official College of Psychologists (1997).

His investiture as Honoris Causa in Psychology by the UNED, adds to his list of distinctions, including Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Valencia in 1999, and by the National University of Córdoba in Argentina (2009).

For more than forty years, he has dedicated himself to research, using quantitative techniques, in the area of the History of Psychology, inaugurating Historiometría applied to Psychology.

Helio Carpintero is a reference figure in Psychology, with prestigious recognition at a national and international level.

Affiliation: Academía Nacional de Psicología, Spain


Richard Mababu

Presenter: Richard Mababu (Spain)

Title: José Peinado And His Contributions To Psychology In Mexico And Venezuela

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Abstract: At the end of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) a large number of professionals went into exile. One of them was José Peinado (1909-1995), a school teacher interested in psychology that was trained at the Institute J.J. Rousseau by E. Claparede and J. Piaget. He was known for his published books on pedology and applications of Freudian psychoanalytic ideas to school teaching. After the Spanish Civil War he fled to Mexico where he developed a large number of initiatives promoting clinical child psychology and educational psychology. Peinado founded a clinical and guidance Center named “E. Claparede”, and also he became a psychologist at the Center for Mother and Child attention “General Maximino Avila Camacho” between 1944 and 1958. During that period he published handbooks on language disorders (1945), and pedology (1952), widely used in Mexico. Later, he was invited to Venezuela, when a psychology training program was organized at the Central University in Caracas. He collaborated with other emigrant Spaniards, among them Guillermo Pérez Enciso, and widely contributed to the professionalization of psychology. Peinado focused his work on clinical topics and wrote a handbook entitled Clinical psychology. In 1962 he was forced to leave Venezuela because of his support to some student movements. He went back to Spain and dedicated this last period to educational psychology and mental retardation.

Bio: Professor at Madrid Open University (Madrid, Spain), Researcher in Applied psychology.

Affiliation: Madrid Open University (UDIMA), Spain


Victoria Del Bario

Presenter: Victoria Del Bario (Spain)

Title: Mercedes Rodrigo And Her Contributions To Psychology In Spain, Colombia, And Puerto Rico

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Abstract: Mercedes Rodrigo Bellido (1891-1982) has been considered as the first Spanish woman who studied psychology. Her long and fruitful life covers three well-defined periods and takes place in three countries: Spain, Colombia, and Puerto Rico. She studied at the J.J. Rousseau Institute of Geneva under the direction of E. Claparede. Back in Spain, she worked on child psychology and intelligence testing, and introduced Claparede´s ideas and instruments. The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) changed her life. At the end of it she was forced to go into exile. There she received the invitation of the National University of Colombia to work on the selection who students who applied to the University. In 1939 with her sister María and her collaborator José M. García Madrid she arrived in Colombia and founded the Section of Psychotechnics. Later on she created the Institute of Applied Psychology and the training of psychologists (1947) by first time in Colombia. This is one of the earliests psychology training programs in Latin America. Unfortunately political pressures made her to leave the country and to move to Puerto Rico. There she worked at the Veterans Administration and the Clinic Juliá. She received important recognitions for the work, and died in 1982. This paper analizes the presentations made by Mercedes Rodrigo at two IAAP Congresses. Her life and career is a clear example of the interference of political issues on science that had great relevance in the XXth. century.

Bio: Emeritus Professor of Psychlogy. National At a Distance - University of Spain.

Affiliation: National Open University of Spain (UNED)

Erich Kirchler

Erich Kirchler (Austria)

Focus of Lecture: The Economic Psychology of Rule Compliance in Social Systems

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Nominating Division/Section: Economic Psychology

Abstract: In the Symposium "The Economic Psychology of Rule Compliance in Social Systems" five researchers will present their studies on cooperation in social dilemma situations in general. They will focus predominantly on tax compliance as the result of a decision under risk. Reflections and empirical studies will be presented which test the effect of power measures such as audits and fines in case of non-cooperation, and trust building measures such as personal and social norms, distributive and procedural fairness and social representations of government and cooperation.

Bio: Erich Kirchler graduated in 1979 in psychology and human anthropology at the University of Vienna, Austria, and received his habilitation in psychology in 1989 from the University of Linz, Austria. Since 1992, he is professor of applied psychology (economic psychology) at the Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria. He was invited as guest professor at various European universities (e.g., France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland) and was visiting scholar at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA, and ANU, Canberra, Australia. He received a call for C4-professorship from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, and a call for C4-professorship from the University of Cologne, Germany. His research focuses on money management in the household, expenditures and credit use, tax behaviour and well-being. Most of the 400 scientific publications are dedicated to these research fields. Relevant books are „Wirtschaftspsychologie: Individuen, Gruppen, Märkte, Staat“ (Economic Psychology: Individuals, Groups, Markets, Nation-State) published by Hogrefe, Germany (2011; 4th edition); „Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie“ (Work and Organisational Psychology) published by Facultas, Austria (2011, 3rd edition); „Conflict and Decision Making in Close Relationships“, published by Psychology Press, UK (2001), „The Economic Psychology of Tax Behaviour“, published by Cambridge University Press, UK (2007), and Economic Psychology (with Erik Hoelzl, Cambridge University Press, 2018).

Affiliation: University of Vienna, Austria

Edoardo Lozza, Cinzia Castiglioni

Presenters: Edoardo Lozza, Cinzia Castiglioni (Italy)

Title: The Heuristic Value of the Slippery Slope Framework Beyond Tax Compliance: The Cases of Match-Fixing and Counterfeit Product Purchase

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Abstract: So far the Slippery Slope Framework has been mainly used in analyzing rule compliance in the field of taxation (the domain where it was originally conceived), with only scant attempts to extend its applications outside the field of public goods. This study discusses the heuristic value of extending and applying the Slippery Slope Framework to two further domains within the “private” field of rule compliance: a) match-fixing, i.e. a sport fraud targeted at manipulating specific sport events in order to place a bet (on either a legal or an illegal network); and b) counterfeit product purchase, i.e. consumers’ buying behaviors of counterfeit goods. In both domains we conducted a literature review and two qualitative studies: a participatory action research in the field of match-fixing at European level and an interpretative phenomenological analysis in the field of counterfeit product purchase in Italy.
Results showed heterogeneous paths towards rule compliance, that are difficult to coordinate and manage in an integrated way. In particular, we found in both domains a contraposition of economic / enforced reasons to comply on one hand, and psychosocial / voluntary reasons on the other. Thus, assuming that authorities can either enforce rule compliance through surveillance and punishment or enhance voluntary compliance through communicating trust, the Slippery Slope Framework appears to be a promising tool to gain a better understanding of the two phenomena, on both theoretical and operative level.

Affiliation: Edoardo Lozza - Univerità Cattolica Milano, Italy
Cinzia Castiglioni - Università Cattolica Milano, Italy


David Leiser, Eyal Carmel

Presenters: David Leiser, Eyal Carmel (Israel)

Title: Public Reaction to the Publication of the Panama Papers - An International Study

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Abstract: There is a widespread feeling that tax regulations concerns the “little people” whereas the rich and the super wealthy manage to avoid or evade taxes. The publication in 2016 of the Panama Papers (a trove of more than ten million documents that details how wealthy individuals and public officials in many countries avoid or evade taxes) was an occasion to investigate the way public reacted to this discovery: surprise, emotions, and expectations for what changes this would bring about. Such information is revealing about the unspoken assumptions of members of the public on tax matters, on the relations between the regulatory and judicial powers, and the wealthy and the politically powerful. These are key aspects of the social capital that is known to affect compliance with tax regulations.

Affiliation: David Leiser - Ben Gurion University, Beersheba, Israel
Eyal Carmel - Ben Gurion University, Beersheba, Israel


Diana Onu

Presenter: Diana Onu (UK)

Title: The Role of Moral Emotions in Perceptions on Tax Avoidance

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Abstract: A relatively little studied form of noncompliance in social systems is ‘creative compliance’, i.e. using the rules of the system in order to avoid compliance. In the tax field, such creative compliance is denoted as tax avoidance or aggressive tax planning. In this project, we seek to understand the social implications of the presence of corporate tax avoidance in a tax system through the lens of emotions. In Study 1, we provide a qualitative content analysis of discussions about tax avoidance, using both interview data and social media data. We find that reactions to corporate tax avoidance map onto the three other-focused moral emotions: anger, disgust, and contempt. In Study 2, we aim to induce these three emotions in an experimental setting and find that the three emotions have distinct consequences for people’s responses to the presence of tax avoidance. Consistent with the interpersonal literature, moral anger was related to support for constructive punitive actions (e.g. lobby the company), moral disgust with destructive punitive actions (e.g. campaign against the company’s brand), while contempt led to disengagement with any actions. Overall, we propose that understanding emotional content is essential in predicting the judgements and actions of individuals to the presence of ‘creative compliance’ in social systems.

Affiliation: Diana Onu - University of Exeter, Falmouth, Cornwall, UK


Erich Kirchler, Janina Enachescu

Presenters: Erich Kirchler, Janina Enachescu (Austria)

Title: The Role of Emotions in Tax Compliance Behavior: A Mixed-Methods Approach

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Abstract: With this study we add a new promising dimension to the existing tax compliance research by incorporating the role of emotional experiences during tax compliance decisions. In the general decision-making research, emotions have been studied intensively during the past ten to fifteen years (e.g. Lerner & Keltner, 2000). With regard to tax compliance this relatively new stream of research has not yet been considered. In order to investigate which emotions are present during the interaction with the tax authorities and in what way these emotional responses influence tax compliance decisions we followed a bottom-up research approach. First, we conducted a qualitative focus group study to identify emotions relevant to the taxation context and to learn in which typical situations these emotions are elicited. Building on these results, we designed an experimental survey in which we manipulate positive and negative experiences during the process of paying taxes. A representative sample of Austrian taxpayers (N=523) responded to the survey. Results show that participants report a variety of different emotions throughout the process of paying taxes. Participants report higher compliance intentions in the positive condition than in the negative condition. Moreover, these effects are mediated by the emotional responses to the scenarios. We conclude that emotional experiences play an important role in tax compliance decision-making. It is therefore of great importance to take the taxpayers’ subjective perceptions of the taxation process into consideration when designing procedures, in order to promote voluntary compliance.

Affiliation: Erich Kirchler - University of Vienna
Janina Enachescu - University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria


Julian House, Nicole Robitaille, Nina Mazar

Presenter: Julian House, Nicole Robitaille, Nina Mazar (Canada)

Title: Effectiveness of Repeated Implementation Intention-Interventions on Organizations' Likelihood to File their Overdue Taxes

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Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of facilitating implementation intentions on organizations’ tax compliance behavior. We conducted a large-scale, multi-wave field experiment involving the tax-paying behavior of all organizations that failed to file timely annual returns for a payroll tax in the province of Ontario. Organizations were randomly assigned to receive one of two letters: Ontario’s standard late notice (control) and a revised experimental late notice, which included step-by-step instructions of when, where and how to file a return. Our data indicate that instilling implementation intentions is effective at increasing organizations’ timely tax payment. In addition to replicating these findings across two waves, we find no evidence of habituation to our intervention over time. Our results provide evidence that procrastination may be a substantial but solvable barrier to improved organizational tax compliance. Moreover, we demonstrate the effectiveness of an intervention that typically targets individual’s behavior in the realm of organizational behavior.

Affiliation: Julian House - Government of Ontario
Nicole Robitaille - Smith School of Business
Nina Mazar - University of Toronto


Christine Roland-Lévy

Discussant: Christine Roland-Lévy, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France




Patrick W.L. Leung

Patrick W.L. Leung (China)

Focus of Lecture: The Design of Psychological Treatment: its Mechanisms, its Research Basis and its Efficacy/Effectiveness

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Nominating Division/Section:

Abstract: This symposium intends to present four psychological treatment protocols, the designs of which are heavily rooted in research performed preceding their development. Researcher-therapists have chosen to begin their work by first conducting a series of studies on the psychopathological processes of a disorder or a cluster of related disorders. The identification of these processes gives clues to what may be the possible remediation or intervention. These findings thus inform and guide the design of the treatment protocols for the disorders. This developmental strategy gives confidence to the clinicians that the treatment protocols are indeed targeting at the psychopathological processes deviating from the normal psychological development and that their designs contain elements alleviating these psychopathological processes. Four treatment protocols, developed from the above strategy, will be presented in this symposium. Two will be on trandiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy (TCBT) treating respectively depression/anxiety and headache/anxiety. Two will be on the treatment of psychosis, one on delusions and the other on neurocognitive deficits. Further details of the presentations of this symposium can be found in the abstract of each individual presentation.

The attendees of this symposium are expected to learn: (1) research on the psychopathological processes of a number of disorders, including anxiety, depression and psychosis, (2) the designs of the treatment protocols for them, and (3) results of their pilot clinical trials.

Bio: Prof. Patrick WL Leung graduated with a BSSc (Psychology) and a MSSc (Clinical Psychology) from the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong and a PhD (Psychology) from the University of Sheffield, UK. Before joining The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) as a faculty member of the Department of Psychology, he worked for more than 10 years as a clinical psychologist at a children’s hospital in Hong Kong. He is currently a Professor and the Department Chair of the Department of Psychology, CUHK. He is a fellow of the Hong Kong Psychological Society and the Deputy Chair of the International Domain, Division 29 (Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy), American Psychological Association. His current research interests focus on psychopathology, particularly attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as well as on the development and clinical trials of psychological treatment protocols. He has more than 100 publications in international refereed journals, including Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, American Journal of Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, etc.

Affiliation: Professor & Department Chair, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China

Patrick W.L. Leung

Presenter: Patrick W.L. Leung (China)

Title: Transdiagnostic Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (Group) for common mental disorders: its mechanisms, its research basis and its effectiveness in a pilot open trial

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Background/Rationale: It is well known that many help-seekers in clinics/mental health centers display multiple psychiatric disorders, e.g., anxiety and depression, and thus require accordingly multiple treatment protocols for each disorder. A transdiagnostic form of treatment, treating the comorbid disorders all in one go, will improve the efficiency of psychological treatment.
Methods: This presentation will review three studies from the presenter regarding the research basis of a protocol on Transdiagnostic Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (Group), TCBT(G), developed by the presenter and his team, as well as a pilot open trial on it. The disorders researched and treated include anxiety disorders and depression.
Results: Three studies indicate that common mental disorders, e.g., anxiety and depression, exhibit common cognitive architecture and processes in terms of cognitive bias and dysfunctional schemas, psychosocial adversities, and cognitive networks, but content-specificity in these structures/processes. The TCBT(G) protocol, its design/mechanisms basing upon these findings, is found to be beneficial.
Conclusions: The TCBT(G) protocol reports initial success in helping both anxiety and depression. It consists of 14 group sessions of two-hour duration with 7 to 8 participants. One individual session is offered to each participant at the later part of the treatment to fine-tune the design of each participant’s behavioral experiments.
Action/Impact: The current TCBT(G) protocol achieves effect sizes close, if not similar, to those obtained from disorder-specific protocols. Yet, it is more cost-efficient in terms of being transdiagnostic and group-administered. Its pilot trial is conducted in a community setting. It is thus more readily transferable to community routine practice.

Affiliation: Professor & Department Chair, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong


Suzanne Ho-wai So

Presenter: Suzanne Ho-wai So (China)

Title: Metacognitive training: A process-based psychological intervention for delusions

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Background: Individuals with psychotic disorders are highly heterogeneous in symptom profile. Focused interventions for specific psychotic symptoms are required. Metacognitive training (MCT) was developed to promote patients’ awareness of reasoning biases associated with schizophrenia. This presentation will cover two MCT trials, delivered individually (Study 1) and in groups (Study 2) respectively.
Methods: Patients with delusions (N = 44 in Study 1 and 49 in Study 2) were randomized into MCT and control conditions. MCT was compared against waitlist control in Study 1 and against treatment-as-usual in Study 2. Patients were assessed before and after treatment, and at one month post-treatment.
Results: In both studies, MCT yielded a greater reduction of delusions than control. Treatment effect on delusions was large (Cohen’s = 1.86 in Study 1 and 0.86-0.91 in Study 2), which was maintained at follow-up. MCT-induced improvement in belief flexibility (delusion-associated reasoning bias) was stronger in Study 1 than Study 2.
Conclusion: There is strong evidence for MCT as an intervention for delusions, although treatment effect was stronger when delivered individually than in groups. Treatment effect on specific reasoning biases (e.g., belief flexibility) is less consistent. Treatment design issues, namely, delivery format, therapist compliance, and homework assignment, will be discussed.
Impact: As evidence about the role of reasoning biases in the formation and maintenance of delusions accumulates, development of process-based interventions targeting single psychotic symptoms will better correspond to patients’ clinical profile and treatment needs. Future research translating basic clinical research to treatment design is warranted.

Bio: Dr Suzanne So obtained BA in Experimental Psychology at Oxford University, followed by MSSc in Clinical Psychology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), and PhD in Psychology at King's College London. Dr So has practiced as a clinical psychologist at the Hospital Authority in Hong Kong, and joined the CUHK in 2012 as Assistant Professor of Psychology. Her research interests are cognitive models of psychosis, cognitive-behavioural therapy, and the use of experience sampling methodology as assessment and treatment. She is recipient of the 2016 CUHK Young Researcher Award, the 2017 University Grants Committee Teaching Award (Early Career Category), the 2016 CUHK University Education Award, and the 2016 CUHK Faculty of Social Science Exemplary Teaching Award.

Affiliation: Assistant Professor of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China


Raymond C. K. Chan

Presenter: Raymond C. K. Chan (China)

Title: Therapeutic impact of working memory training to enhance hedonic processing: Empirical findings from both subclinical and clinical samples

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Background: Anhedonia, the diminished ability to experience pleasure, is a key feature of negative symptoms observed in patients with schizophrenia. These symptoms are less responsive to pharmacological intervention. Individuals with social anhedonia have been found to exhibit similar diminished motivation to engage in potentially rewarding events in everyday life functions. Most recent findings also suggest that working memory (WM) training is accompanied by changes of neural activation patterns in hedonic processing in both healthy individuals and patients with schizophrenia. The present study aimed at examining whether WM training could improve hedonic processing in individuals with social anhedonia and patients with schizophrenia.
Method: In Study 1, 15 individuals with social anhedonia were recruited and received a 20-session dual n-back WM training programme. Functional imaging paradigms capturing anhedonia were administered to all participants before and after the training. In study 2, the same set of training programme and paradigms were administered to 15 patients with schizophrenia.
Results: Findings from Study 1 showed that there were enhanced brain activations for anticipation of rewards and normalization of consummation of rewards in both AID and MID tasks in individuals with social anhedonia. Study 2 also showed similar enhanced brain activations for anticipation of rewards in patients with schizophrenia.
Conclusions: Taken together, these results suggest that WM plays an important role in enhancing hedonic processing in both individuals with social anhedonia and patients with schizophrenia.
Action/Impact: WM training can alleviate anhedonia, a feature less amenable to pharmacological treatment, in both subclinical and clinical populations.

Affiliation: Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Bio: Prof. Raymond Chan has been conducting research actively in neuropsychology and mental health, particularly in understanding cognitive deficits in patients with schizophrenia and related disorders, and its underlying psychopathology. He is an elected Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, and is now a distinguished professor of neuropsychology and applied cognitive neuroscience at the Institute of Psychology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is also the honorary director for research at the Institute of Mental Health, Castle Peak Hospital (Hong Kong) and the honorary director for the Translational Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Lab at the Shanghai Mental Health Centre. His research record has earned him the Distinguished Young Scientist Award from the National Science Foundation China, Young Investigator Award from NARSAD, and the Distinguished Griffith Visiting Researcher. He is the Regional Representative for Asia of the International Neuropsychological Society. He holds numerous research grants from various funding agencies, including the National Science Foundation of China, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, NARSAD, and the Smart Futures Fund (QLD), National and International Research Alliances Program. Prof. Chan has published over 300 scientific peer-reviewed articles and 6 book chapters in the areas of schizophrenia research and traumatic brain injury, including New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA Psychiatry, Molecular Psychiatry, Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, Schizophrenia Bulletin, etc. He is currently serving at the editorial boards of “Scientific Reports”, “Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience”, “Frontiers in Psychology”, “Clinical Rehabilitation”, “Cognitive Neuropsychiatry”, and “Neuropsychological Rehabilitation” and four local professional journals.


Pragya Sharma

Presenter: Pragya Sharma (India)

Title: Transdiagnostic Cognitive Behavior Therapy in Adolescents with Headache and Anxiety Disorder

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Background: Adolescents commonly suffer from comorbid headache and anxiety disorders. Transdiagnostic cognitive behavior therapy (TCBT) with its focus on commonalities rather than diagnoses may be a viable modality of treatment for comorbid disorders. TCBT addresses multiple diagnoses simultaneously while focusing on shared pathology and common processes.
Methods: A TCBT intervention module (12 sessions) for headache and anxiety disorders in adolescents was developed based on focused group discussions and a pilot study. Thirty adolescents diagnosed with comorbid headache and anxiety disorder were recruited into group TCBT. Baseline, mid-, post-intervention and three-month follow-up assessments were done.
Actions/ Impact: TCBT is effective in anxiety disorders in adults; however, there is limited research on its efficacy in adolescents. Comorbidity of headache and anxiety has not been intervened with from a transdiagnostic perspective even in adults. It is important to develop and evaluate TCBT module for comorbid headache and anxiety disorders among adolescents.
Results: Significant reduction was seen in symptom severity of headache and anxiety in the adolescents at post-treatment and follow-up. TCBT was rated positively on feasibility and acceptability by participants of the TCBT groups.
Conclusions: Group TCBT was significantly effective at reducing the symptom severity of headache/anxiety and improving the global functioning of the adolescents.

Affiliation: Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

Bio: Dr Pragya Sharma is a clinical psychologist and faculty at the Department of Clinical Psychology, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital at New Delhi, India. Her clinical work deals chiefly with the diagnosis, assessment and treatment of clients of all ages suffering from various psychiatric disorders. As a faculty, she is also involved in the teaching, training and supervising dissertations of MPhil Clinical Psychology trainees. She has done MPhil Clinical Psychology from Institute of Human Behavior and Allied Sciences (IHBAS) and PhD Clinical Psychology from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). Her pioneering work is in the field of transdiagnostic cognitive behavior therapy (TCBT) for adolescents with headache and anxiety disorders. She has been awarded Youth Fellowship Award from World Congress of Psychiatry in 2017. She is a member of American Psychological Association (APA), and a lifetime member of Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists (IACP). She is certified by Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI). She has published numerous papers in various reputed journals.



Discussant: Sverre L. Nielsen, Norwegian Psychological Association, Oslo, Norway




Marie Guerda Nicolas

Marie Guerda Nicolas (Haiti/USA)

Focus of Lecture: Caribbean Psychology: New developments in scholarship, education, practice and regional progress in multicultural and multilingual collaborations.

Sponsor: Carribean Alliance of National Psychology Associations

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Abstract: This symposium reviews of advances made in the Caribbean region in terms of scholarship, education, evidence-based practice, and organizational changes at the regional level. Since 2011 when the first Caribbean Regional Congress of Psychology (CRCP) was held in Nassau, Bahamas. At the conclusion of the conference, an assembly of participants was convened proposing the formation of a regional psychological association in the Caribbean. The following year, the Caribbean National Alliance of Psychological Associations was established. Two other CRCPs were held (Paramaribo, Surinam and Porto-Prince Haiti). This symposium will comprise four presentations that address progress in psychological scholarship, education, practice in mental health services, and in regional developments with regard to multicultural and multilingual collaborations in the Caribbean. The presentations are novel because they represent a major new effort in developing psychology in the Caribbean region. The organizer and convener is Guerda Nicholas who is the Secretary General of CANPA. The first presentation will focus on advances in scholarship in the publication of articles, books, and other media from different countries in the Caribbean (Ishtar Govia-Jamaica and Guillermo Bernal-Puerto Rico). The second presentation is from Ava Thompson (Bahamas) and Milagros Méndez (Puerto Rico and Dominican Republic) focuses on achievements, challenge, and future directions of curriculums in psychology. Particular emphasis is placed on the need for regionalizing and harmonizing the psychological curriculum, with particular attention to the development of minimum standards of competencies necessary to meet the needs of the Caribbean peoples. In the third presentation (Rita Dudley-Grant, St. Croix) reviews CANPA successes in addressing the challenges of providing therapeutic services across languages and cultures. Recommendations for expanded collaboration and innovative therapeutic interventions will be presented. Finally, the fourth presentation examines the development of regional organizations of psychology, and will discuss the common issues addressed by CANPA and other regional and international organizations, as well as challenges specific to the Caribbean.

Bio: Originally from Haiti, Nicolas obtained her doctoral degree in clinical psychology from Boston University. She completed her predoctoral training at Columbia University Medical Center and her postdoctoral training at the New York State Psychiatric Institute/Columbia University, Department of Child Psychiatry. She is a license psychologist and focused her practice in the area of children, family, and community well-being. Prior to coming to University of Miami, she held faculty positions at Boston College as well as the College of Saint Elizabeth in New Jersey. As a multicultural (Haitian American) and multilingual psychologist (Spanish, French, and Haitian Creole), her research is reflective of her background and interests. Her current research projects focus on developing culturally effective mental health intervention for people of color, with a specific focus on immigrant children, adolescents, and families. In addition, she conducts research on social support networks of Caribbean population with a specific focus on Haitians; spirituality and adolescents; and social support and mental health of Blacks. She has published books, many articles, and book chapters and delivered numerous invited presentations at national and international conferences in the areas of women issues, depression and cultural interventions, social support networks of ethnic minorities, and spirituality. Most recently, she co-edited the book Contemporary Parenting: A Global Perspective.Dr. Nicolas is an active member of the American Psychological Association, having served on divisional committees for Division 12, 17, 35, and 45. In addition, she has been a member of several APA committees including the Committee on International Relations in Psychology, Strategic Planning Committee, and the Committee on Early Career Psychologists. In addition to APA, she has been an active member of the Caribbean Studies Association, the Haitian Studies Association, and the Caribbean Alliance of National Psychological Associations (CANPA). She served as president of the Haitian Studies Association, the Psychology of Black Women of Division 35, and the Section of Ethnic Minorities of Division 12. Currently she serves as the Secretary General of CANPA.

Affiliation: CANPA - Caribbean Alliance of Psychological Associations

Guillermo Bernal

Presenter: Guillermo Bernal (Puerto Rico/USA)

Title: Advances in Caribbean Psychology: Publication and Dissemination

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Abstract: Psychology in the Caribbean is moving forward with important advances in the publication of articles, books, and other media focused in the region or from countries in the Caribbean. The presentation will offer an update on how the Caribbean Alliance of National Psychological Association has fostered publication and dissemination activities through its conferences since 2011 and support for publishing special issues, books, and collaborations with regional and national organizations in support publications and dissemination activities. An objective of CANPA is to ensure a voice at the local, regional and international levels through publications that advances psychological science and practice. We will describe the ways in which CANPA has: 1) initiated a program for developing and initiating publications, 2) explored the posiblit9ty of a regional journal; and 3) offers mentoring and capacity building activities in support of publications.

Bio: Guillermo Bernal is Vice President of Academic and Student Affairs and Professor at the Carlos Albizu University. In January of 2017 he retired from the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, where he was Professor of Psychology and founding Director of the Institute for Psychological Research. His work has focused on research, training, and the development of mental health services responsive to ethno-cultural groups. A primary area of work is in conducting randomized clinical trials on culturally adapted treatments for depression in youth. Since 1992, his team has generated evidence on the efficacy of culturally adapted CBT and IPT, carried out translations and development of instruments, and published on factors associated to vulnerability of depression. He has published over 200 articles in peer reviewed journals, chapters, reports, and nine books. He is the recipient of numerous awards from the professional associations. His recent books are: titled Culturally Adaptations: Tools for evidence based practice with diverse populations (with Domenech Rodríguez) and Evidence-Based psychological practice with ethnic minorities: Culturally informed research and clinical strategies (with Zane & Leong) both published by APA books.

Affiliation: Albizu University – San Juan & Miami Campus


Ava D. Thompson

Presenter: Ava D. Thompson (Bahamas)

Title: Caribbean Psychology Education And Training In The Global Context

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Abstract: Psychology Education and Training (PET) has been pivotal to the development of a regional organization of psychology and was one of the first standing committees established in the Caribbean Alliance of National Psychological Associations (CANPA). In this brief presentation, the co-chairs of the PET Committee provide an overview of its charge, achievements, challenges and future directions. Particular emphasis is placed on the need for regionalizing and harmonizing the psychological curriculum, with particular attention to the development of minimum standards of competencies necessary to meet the needs of the Caribbean peoples. These goals are discussed within the context of contributing to global psychology.

Bio: Ava D. Thompson, PhD., is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist and Associate Professor at The University of The Bahamas, where she also serves as Coordinator of the Psychology Programme. Her professional activities reflect a macro-disciplinary focus with national, regional and international engagement. Current scholarship and clinical projects include historical perspectives on Bahamian and Caribbean psychology, culturally-relevant pedagogy, indigenous models of child and adolescent mental health care, and integration of a human rights framework into Psychology Education and Training (PET). Additional areas of focus include regional and global collaboration and capacity building. She is Past-President of the Bahamas Psychological Association and the Caribbean Alliance of National Psychological Associations (CANPA) and serves as an Executive Committee Member of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS). Dr. Thompson also serves as Co-Chair, along with the Dr. Milagros Mendez, of CANPA's Psychology Education and Training Standing Committee.

Affiliation: University of The Bahamas


Rita Dudley-Grant

Presenter: Rita Dudley-Grant (U.S. Virgin Islands)

Title: Clinical Psychology In The Caribbean: CANPA Contributions To Cultural Competence And Collaboration

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Abstract: Caribbean society results from the interplay and melding of cultures, practices, structures and belief systems. Similarly, clinical practice is provided by a mixture of psychologists trained in the varying cultures represented in the region, utilizing multiple theoretical orientations with limited research on their efficacy with Caribbean populations (Hutchinson & Sutherland, 2013; Johnson, Weller, Williams Brown, & Pottinger, 2008). The practicing psychologist is challenged to provide culturally competent and effective services to these ethnically diverse and complex communities (Bernal & Domenech Rodriguez, 2012; La Roche, 2013; McGoldrick, Giordano, & Pearce, 1996). Regardless of the clinical specialty, Caribbean psychologists are called upon to be generalists, as they frequently are one of one, or one of a few psychologistsavailable in these small island nations, (Hickling, Doobar, Benn, Gordon, Morgan, & Matthies, 2008; Hutchinson & Sutherland, 2013). The clinician must stretch one’s knowledge, test, modify and research new approaches in isolated settings with clients who are sometimes unfamiliar with “talk therapies”. Stigma associated with mental illness serves as a major barrier to care across the region. CANPA, and their regional conferences held in Barbados (2011), Surinam (2014) and Haiti (2016) serves as a bridge to facilitate collaboration and provide information regarding current approaches to treatment in the Caribbean. A goal of CANPA is to facilitate such collaboration in order to create and modify theoretical models that reflect the cultures of the region, and modify extant evidence based clinical interventions to meet local needs (Bernal & Domenech Rodriguez, 2012). This presentation will review CANPA successes in addressing the challenges of providing therapeutic services across languages and cultures. Recommendations for expanded collaboration and innovative therapeutic interventions will be presented.

Bio: G. Rita Dudley-Grant, Ph.D., MPH, ABPP, is Clinical Services Director of Virgin Islands Behavioral Services, providing residential/ community based medical/ mental health services for emotionally and behaviorally disturbed youth in the USVI. Career emphasis: capacity expansion for community health, mental health, and substance abuse in the VI, with a focus on children and adolescents, training for graduate psychologists and allied professionals, adolescent and women’s mental health, health promotion and protection in the Caribbean. Publications include books, articles and chapters on Clinical psychology and Capacity Expansion in the Caribbean, women’s mental health, diversity and spirituality in mental health. Dr. Dudley-Grant is a founding member and past president of the Association of Virgin Islands Psychologists. She is a founding member of the Caribbean Alliance of National Psychological Associations, currently serving on the Executive Committee. A fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA) she has been active in all levels of APA or over two decades, presenting on multiculturalism, trauma informed care, women in treatment and psychology and Buddhism. She is the recipient of numerous awards inclusive of an honorary doctorate from Simmons College, the Heiser Award for State Advocacy from APA in recognition locally and nationally for her advocacy in expanding mental health services to underserved populations.

Affiliation: CANPA - Caribbean Alliance of Psychological Associations

Merry Bullock

Presenter: Merry Bullock (USA)

Title: The Regionalization Of Psychology: How CANPA Supports Local Development And An International Voice

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Abstract:Over the last 15 years, a major organizational change in psychology has been the establishment of umbrella organizations of psychology in almost every region in the world. Regional organizations serve unique functions: They support the development and growth of national associations in their geographical purview; they focus attention on tailoring research, education, and policy activities to the specific needs of the populations in their geographical purview; and they foster policy initiatives to meet local psychosocial challenges. Since 2011, CANPA has served as the umbrella organization for psychology in the Caribbean, with the explicit goal of developing a psychology that respects the multicultural, multilingual ad psychosocial realities of Caribbean island nations and territories, and of supporting synergies throughout the region. This presentation will review the development of regional organizations of psychology, and will discuss the common issues addressed by CANPA and other regional organizations, as well as some challenges specific to the Caribbean.

Bio: Dr. Bullock’s serves as the Chair of CANPA's International Advisory Committee, and Co-Chair of CANPA's Publications and Communications committee.
Dr. Bullock's work focuses on international engagement in research, teaching, application and policy. In addition to CANPA, Dr. Bullock is Secretary-General of the International Council of Psychologists, serves on the Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in Science of the International Council for Science, and is President of the International Division of the American Psychological Association. Her published scholarly work includes studies on early cognitive development, scientific thinking, developmental aspects of motivation and emotion, and internationalization. She was an officer in the International Union of Psychological Science for over a decade, and continues to work on organizational development and capacity building. Dr. Bullock has lived and worked in university and policy settings in Canada, Estonia, Germany, and the United States.

Affiliation: CANPA - Caribbean Alliance of Psychological Associations


Discussant: Marie Guerda Nicolas (Haiti/USA)

Kyoko Noguchi

Kyoko Noguchi (Japan)

Focus of Lecture: The Next Move for Health Psychology in Asia: Theory to Practice

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Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine

Abstract: Many factors contribute to the health of individuals and populations. Amid a drastically changing environment, what needs to be newly added as we head toward future in good health? In real problem solving approaches, it is necessary to apply effective theories and concepts into practice. In this symposium, in terms of research and practice efforts designed to prevent disease or promote health, our pursuits of science-based solutions to problems in Asian countries will be introduced. The presentation will cover the stage of examining a hypothesis, proving of concept, scaling, measuring the outcome and the social impact. Each participant will present the study describing positive evidences or factors to drive our power into practice. Ronah Ismail will report the assessment of depressive symptoms, anxiety and well-being in women with endometriosis and a rational approach for patient support as the latest development in basic research. Koji Takenaka will introduce the process of development and efficacy of mental health promotion brand “ABC Activities for Mind” and highlight that people in a position to support others maintain good mental health. Hoon-Seok Choi will propose that a combination of collectivistic values and independent self-views promotes the functioning of individuals in the social world and a positive impact on their mental and physical health in constructing a healthy life. Akira Tsuda and Yoshiyuki Tanaka will present the model of “ikiiki” which moderate the relationship between stressors and stress responses in daily life. And the suggestion of culture-inclusive approaches to health psychology leads to discussion on health and happiness from the perspective of eastern thoughts. As the next move for health, adding to the efforts of improvement in our lifestyle, moreover what we need will be our attitude of harmony: we can preserve the unities, keep the proportion of things and give place to others without losing one’s own position.

Bio: Kyoko Noguchi is Professor of Health Psychology at Bunka Gakuen University, Tokyo, Japan. Since the rise of Health Psychology in North America and Europe, she has contributed to introduce and develop this field in Japan and Asian countries. Currently she is President of Asian Society of Health Psychology. She is trying to utilize practical elements of the related disciplines such as, social work, counseling, health education, public health, and business from her educational background, toward new development in health psychology. How to change lifestyle of clients suffering from stressful events or related diseases is often urged to change their behaviors, and it is a very important and also difficult issue. She tries to combine Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Re-decision Therapy in Transactional Analysis, and add Autogenic Training for behavior modification in life style. Her social activities reflect her research field & theme and she successively held various posts: Director of The National Association of Juvenile Guidance Counselors, Trustee of Japan Health and Culture Promotion Association, Committee member of National Police Agency Community Safety Bureau, Committee member of Astronaut’s Psychological Evaluation for Selection and Psychological Working Group, in Japan. She has published over 70 scientific papers and books, chapters on the applications of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral interventions and related to psychosomatic diseases. Since 1990, to make positive use of stress coping and personality has become the main focus of her research and writings.

Affiliation: Professor of Health Psychology
Dean of Graduate School of Humanities and Intercultural Studies, Bunka Gakuen University, Tokyo, Japan

Rosnah Ismail

Presenter: Rosnah Ismail (Malaysia)

Title: Depression, Anxiety and Well-being in Women with Endometriosis

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Abstract: Endometriosis is a chronic and progressive disease that results in lesions of the reproductive tract, pain and infertility. The disease might impair work capacity, social interaction, and well-being of patients. Women suffering from endometriosis present greater susceptibility to mental disorders. The aim of the study is to assess depressive symptoms, anxiety and well-being in women with endometriosis. A prospective study of 100 women diagnosed with endometriosis was administered. The instruments used were Beck Depression Inventory (BDI III) and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) to evaluate anxiety symptoms; and short version (26 item) of the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument (WHOQOL – BREF) to evaluate well-being of women. Results revealed 85% presented depressive symptoms (mild in 26.5%, moderate in 29.7%, and severe in 28.8%); and 86.3% presented anxiety (minor in 37.2% and major in 49.1%). Well-being was found to be substandard. Age is correlated positively with depressive symptoms, as determined using the BDI (p=0.013) and HAM-D (p=0.037). There was a positive correlation between current pain intensity and anxiety symptoms. Duration of treatment was inversely correlated with well-being (p=0.017). A rational approach to endometriosis should provide psychological support and psychological assessment to identify women at risk of developing symptoms of endometriosis on quality of life and psychological well-being of patients.

Affiliation: Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences, Malaysia)


Koji Takenaka

Presenter: Koji Takenaka (Japan)

Title: Mental Health Promotion Through Branding Strategies in Japan

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Abstract: Japanese society currently has high rate of suicide as well as worksite, community, and school absenteeism due to stress. Thus, prevention and promotion certainly play important roles in order to mitigate these hazardous outcomes from stress. The purpose of my presentation is to introduce the process of development and efficacy of our mental health promotion brand, “ABC Activities for Mind.” The ABC Activities consist of three parts: Act, such as doing mentally, physically, and socially active behaviors; Belong, such as belonging to formal or informal groups; and Challenge, such as doing volunteer work, helping others, and doing small challenges. This campaign strongly recognizes that when these behaviors are incorporated into people’s daily lives, they help obstruct negative ruminations that may lead to mental health problems or disorders. Health branding can raise recognition and dissemination of these behaviors by developing a specific logo and a slogan, which emphasize simple instructions and recommendations. The campaign brand makes people become more proactive (act in anticipation) about their mental health. Also, people who are in a support position can be aware of approaches to help others maintain good mental health. The campaign does not regard the issue of mental health as a disease that requires medical care; rather, it is a model that encourages preventive action that can be done in everyday life and allows a person to devote attention to oneself. Specific content and significant research results from the ABC Activities for Mind campaign will be shown in my presentation.

Affiliation: Waseda University, Japan


Hoon-Seok Choi

Presenter: Hoon-Seok Choi (Korea)

Title: Promoting Individual and Collective Flourishing in Korea: The Combined Role of Collectivistic Values and Independent Self-Views in Constructing a Healthy Life

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Abstract: We all humans are a social animal, and thus life well-lived cannot be separated from the cultural context in which individuals define and accomplish a good life. Reflecting this, attempts have been made to understand the link between culture and flourishing (broadly defined). Much of this work relied on individualism-collectivism (I-C) as an analytic tool and produced descriptive knowledge on how I-C is associated with various indices of flourishing across nations. Though informative, this sort of comparative studies suffer from inconsistent findings, suggesting that asking whether one form of culture is better than the other may be too simplistic and even dangerous. Indeed, an emerging conclusion from previous research on culture-flourishing link is that, in an extreme form, neither individualism nor collectivism is desirable. More importantly, a simple dichotomy between I-C does not adequately capture the dynamic changes in highly industrialized Asian countries where people must negotiate their experiences between the traditional collectivistic values and the Western notion of independence. Building on a synergy model of I-C (Choi, 2016; Choi, Seo, Cho, & Bechtoldt, 2017), we propose that a combination of collectivistic values and independent self-views promotes the functioning of individuals in the social world, thereby having a positive impact on their mental and physical health. We present data from organizational surveys involving Korean employees and specify the underlying psychological mechanisms of the proposed combinatorial effect. We also present our analyses of the World Values Survey (Wave 6, 2010-2014) that tested our predictions in clusters of individualistic versus collectivistic countries. We discuss implications of our findings in promoting conditions for individual and collective flourishing. We also discuss directions for future research in health psychology and other related fields.

Affiliation: Sungkynkwan University, Korea


Akira Tsuda and Yosiyuki Tanaka

Presenter: Akira Tsuda and Yosiyuki Tanaka (Japan)

Title: The construction of culture-inclusive approaches in Health Psychology

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Abstract: As the third wave of progress in psychology after behaviorism and cognitive psychology, the indigenization movement in the age of globalization is destined to the culture-inclusive approaches which may represented universal mind of human beings as well as particular mentalities of people in a given culture in accordance with the principle of “one-mind, many mentalities”. When the research paradigms of mainstream western psychology were exported to non-Western countries, many scholars and practitioners of non-Western countries have found them to be irrelevant, incompatible, or inappropriate to understanding the local population; knowledge generated by western psychology cannot be used to solve their daily problems including stress, health and well-being. Therefore, some psychologists decided to focus on indigenous health psychology in reaction to the dominance of western psychology. In this paper I will designate to present how the construction of culture-inclusive approaches in health psychology is built across the world’s cultures. Tanaka and Tsuda (2016) build on the established model of “ikiiki”, thus psychological liveliness, which is an indigenous concept to Japan that resembles the notions of subjective well-being and psychological well-being in Western culture. We analyze the process in which ikiiki moderate the relationship between stressors and stress responses in daily life for Japanese students, suggesting this work is important in terms of stress-management intervention lead to the prevention and promotion of mental health. The results may certainly be of use for other cross-cultural settings and measuring the outcome of culture-based training efforts. Moreover, we seek to analyze whether the structure of happiness is different between individuals and the collective societies. We hope that this theme might be applied to various domains in health psychology to meet west and east.

Affiliation: Akira Tsuda - Kurume University, Japan
Yosiyuki Tanaka - Kyoto Tachibana University, Japan


Buxin Han

Discussant: Buxin Han - Institute of Psychology Chinese Academy of Sciences, China




Laura Nota & Jerome Rossier

Laura Nota (Italy) & Jerome Rossier (Switzerland)

Focus of Lecture: Career Paths and Interventions for a Decent Work and an Inclusive Society

Supported by supported by ESVDC (European Society for Vocational Designing and Career counseling

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Nominating Division/Section: Counselling

Abstract: The current societies are characterized by high heterogeneity and super-diversity due to a plot of variables associated with nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, migration paths, disability, etc. Work contexts are representative of this social heterogeneity and complexity, and similarly to social contexts, this variability should be respected, valued, and recognized as a resource and a strength. Unfortunately, phenomena of micro and macro exclusion against individuals with vulnerability are still existing and more frequently they experience indecent work and more barriers in the labour market. This is an important topic, as determinants perspective on health sees inclusion as central to the wellbeing of individuals and society.
Based on this, career practitioners, professionals interested to individuals’ wellbeing and future should be involved, identifying innovative theories and developing effective strategies to help all individuals, and in particular those with vulnerability, to gain access to decent work and promote satisfactory future life.
In this symposium, the role of some positive dimensions and several actions and interventions to promote future and career life design process of different groups with vulnerability will be discussed. More specifically, the first presentation will focus on the role of precarious employees’ profile to increase job insecurity and the role of career adaptability to prevent these negative effects. Then, the role of courage in life design process of individuals with Substance Use Disorder will be discussed. In the third and fourth presentation, attention will be given to career actions and interventions for the benefit of other vulnerable groups of individuals, i.e. immigrants and young people with low socioeconomic status. In the last presentation, the career and workforce development policies and practices of 50 autonomous states in U.S. will be discussed.


Affiliation: Laura Nota - University of Padova, Italy
Jerome Rossier - University of Lausanne, Switzerland


Presenters: Ieva Urbanaviciute (Switzerland), Shagini Udayar (Switzerland), Christian Maggiori (Switzerland), Jonas Masdonati (Switzerland), Jérôme Rossier (Switzerland)

Title: The dynamics of perceived job insecurity: A longitudinal comparative study among Swiss employees

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Background/rational: The present study investigates the development of job insecurity perceptions over a period of two years and compares it across employees’ precariousness profiles. We hypothesized employees with a precarious profile to experience an increase in job insecurity. In turn, career adaptability was expected to prevent these negative effects.
Methods: The study was based on three waves of a longitudinal “Professional Paths” survey conducted in Switzerland within the NCCR LIVES. The sample consisted of 799 active adults (49.2 % female) who participated in the study on a yearly follow-up basis. To analyze the data, latent growth modeling was applied.
Results: The results supported our hypothesis showing the highest levels and the most pronounced growth trend in job insecurity among employees with the most precarious profile. Results on the role of career adaptability, however, were rather mixed and suggest that the four career adaptability facets may relate differently to job insecurity.
Conclusions: Our findings draw attention to the dynamic nature of job insecurity and to the heterogeneity of employee population. They illustrate that the levels and growth trends of job insecurity may be contingent on the precariousness situation on the one hand, and on personal resources on the other hand.
Action/Impact: The present study sheds light on the development of job insecurity perceptions within the wider vulnerability framework. It suggests the need for further research leading to a better understanding of the role of the context in shaping job insecurity. It also discusses the value of career adaptability for job-insecure employees.

Ieva Urbanaviciute 1,2, Shagini Udayar 1,3, Christian Maggiori 1,4, Jonas Masdonati 2, Jérôme Rossier 1,2
1Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
2Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
3Department of Organizational Behavior, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
4University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland



Presenter: Ilaria Di Maggio (Italy), Maria Cristina Ginevra (Italy), Sara Santilli (Italy), Laura Nota (Italy)

Title: Work and social inclusion: the role of courage in life design process of individuals with Substance Use Disorder.

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Background/rational: Based on Life Design paradigm, the study focused on courage that is a key resource for personal and professional development. Specifically, attention was given to the courage of individuals with Substance Use Disorder (SUD) involved in the career construction process, as a dimension that can contribute to their life satisfaction.

Methods: To test the effect of courage on life satisfaction in a sample of 127 individuals with SUD compared to a sample of 127 individuals without SUD a multivariate regression analysis was conducted. Moreover, to identify the themes, meanings, and types of the personal stories of courage mixed methods were used.

Results: The regression analysis showed that courage predicted life satisfaction beyond addiction variables. Moreover, the qualitative and quantitative analyses conducted on personal stories found that individuals with SUD described more frequently courageous behaviors in overcoming psychological risks especially when these stories were referred to their addiction challenges.

Conclusions: The results obtained showed that courage and in particular, psychological courage, could be a key resource to help individuals with SUD to accept their past, project themselves positively into their professional future and positively contribute to their life satisfaction.

Action/Impact: The results obtained demonstrated the role of courage for career construction in individuals with SUD (theoretical impact) and suggested the relevance to support individuals with SUD’s courage, for pursuing a career goal, highlighting the purpose of courageous behavior; and reducing the perception of risk (practical impact).

Affiliation: *Ilaria Di Maggio , **Maria Cristina Ginevra , *Sara Santilli, *Laura Nota

* Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology, University of Padova, Italy
** Department of Psychology, University of Padova, Italy



Presenter: Richard A. Young (Canada), José F. Domene (Canada), Natalee Popadiuk (Canada), Yan Liu (Canada), Magali Chevalier (Canada), Meredith MacKenzie (Canada), Marcos Lanner de Moura (Brazil), Kesha Pradhan (Canada), Rosalynn Record-Lemon (Canada), Vanessa Silva (Canada)

Title: Career Construction through Relationship Support: The Case of Immigrant Youth

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Background/rational: Transitioning to adulthood can be a challenging process for young people as they plan and engage in educational, occupational, relational and other pursuits. These tasks are compounded for young adult newcomers to Canada, who may experience additional challenges associated with resettlement and adjustment to life in Canada.
Methods: A supportive counselling intervention to assist these young adult immigrants is described. The intervention is based on identifying the joint, goal-directed actions of the dyad partners. It assists young newcomers identify and engage in their goal-directed projects with others pertinent to educational, occupational, and other life tasks.
Results: The use of this intervention is described. Illustrative cases describe a) individual and joint vocational and other life goals of participants; b) the means of directing actions and projects; c) the processing of related cognitions and emotions d) related contextual and relational factors, and e) resources available to the client.
Conclusions: Support interventions can be seen as socially embedded goal-directed projects between persons significant to each other and enhanced through the identification and monitoring of the joint project. These findings are consistent with emerging evidence for the social construction of long-term goal-directed action.
Action/Impact: Applications of this procedure to counselling will benefit young adult newcomers’ joint projects related to their transition to adulthood in Canada through supporting adjustment, personal growth and development, connection to social support networks, and pursuit of goals.

Richard A. Young - Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology and Special Education at the University of British Columbia, Canada
José F. Domene - University of New Brunswick, Canada
Natalee Popadiuk - Private Practice, Victoria, BC, Canada
Yan Liu - Educational and Counselling Psychology and Special Education, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Magali Chevalier - University of British Columbia, Canada
Meredith MacKenzie - Registered Clinical Counsellor with the BC Association of Clinical Counsellors, Canada
Marcos Lanner de Moura - Brazil
Kesha Pradhan - University of British Columbia, Canada
Rosalynn Record-Lemon - University of British Columbia, Canada
Vanessa Silva - University of British Columbia, Canada



Presenters: Rachel Gali Cinamon (Israel)

Title: Career education program for students from low SES background – the role of school managerial team.

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Background/rational: The importance of implementing career interventions in school curriculum has been extensively documented. Unfortunately, the role of managerial team in this process is limited, although the importance of their role in a school's initiatives is clear and acknowledged. Therefore, it is important to learn their attitudes toward career interventions.
Methods: Longitudinal qualitative approach was used. Over four years of a project aimed at implementing career intervention in a high school curriculum twenty 90-minute meetings with a school managerial team (school principal and four teachers who have leading roles in schools) were taped and transcribed.
Results: Content analysis of the meetings revealed six themes: Knowledge about career development, teachers’ interest and motivation, teachers’ roles in the program, working techniques, environmental contexts, and organizational aspects. Changes in the team's attitude emerged as well.
Conclusions: The current results illustrate the importance of long-term guidance of managerial teams within schools in order to create an understanding and commitment to career interventions in school.
Impact/Action: Teaching career education in teacher training program may enhance and foster the implementation of career interventions within schools' curriculum.

Affiliation: Career Development Lab, School of Education, Tel Aviv University, Israel



Presenters: Scott H. Solberg & Judith L. Martin (USA)

Title: Supporting State Leaders Acquisition of Innovative and Inclusive Career Development Practices that Promote Access to Decent Work for High Need Youth

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Background/rational: The U.S. consists of 50 autonomous states that individually establish their own career and workforce development policies and practices. One consequence is tremendous national variability in quality and implementation of career development. In order to share innovative practices, in 2014, the National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth (NCWD-Youth) established a State Leaders Career Development Network. Over the years, this network has grown to include over 75 leaders from more than 20 states who meet monthly via webinar technology to discuss their career development implementation efforts. Participants include leaders from state education agencies (e.g., school counseling, special education, career and technical education, college and career readiness), state workforce development agencies, vocational rehabilitation agencies, and higher education. The group meets once a month to share updates on how their state is engaged in the design, implementation, and evaluation of career development. The goal of the monthly discussions is to share resources, ask questions, discuss challenges, and learn innovative strategies on how to introduce and implement individual learning plans.
Methods and Results: This presentation is to describe the results of an evaluation of the network. The evaluation consists of three components: (a) a thematic analysis of the monthly notes; (b) survey state leaders’ perceptions regarding the utility of the network; and (c) a content analysis of state policies and practices that have evolved from states participating in the network.
Conclusions and Action/Impact: The presentation will describe a number of state implementation policies that have been enacted as a result of participation in the network.

Affiliation: School of Education, Boston University, U.S.

Keith Petrie

Keith Petrie (New Zealand)

Focus of Lecture: Towards understanding and minimising the nocebo response

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Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine

Abstract: The nocebo effect is generally defined as the experience of adverse effects from an inert treatment or benign environmental exposure. The high rates of adverse effects caused by the nocebo effect has recently focused attention on interventions to minimize its impact. This symposium presents recent work from five labs around the world studying the nocebo effect. Kate MacKrill from the University of Auckland will present data from a recent study looking at what factors are associated with greater side effect reporting and perceptions of low drug efficacy in over 300 patients switched to a new brand of antidepressant. Rob Horne from University College London will present data from an experimental study showing changes in pain severity and symptomotolgy from a saline solution labelled with either neutral or therapeutic labelling. James Rubin from Kings College, London will present data from a recent double-blind randomised controlled trial showing that how medication side effect-risks are described affects whether people report side-effects after taking a tablet. Michael Witthöft from the University of Mainz, Germany will report on a study that tested whether information on the nocebo effect acted as a cognitive vaccine for idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields. Keith Petrie from the University of Auckland will present new data showing a nocebo intervention with colonoscopy patients reduced the reporting of side effects in patients with high levels of anxiety and baseline symptoms. The discussant for the symposium will be John Weinman from Kings College London.

Bio: Keith Petrie is Professor of Health Psychology at Auckland University Medical School. His research group does work on patients’ perceptions of illness, treatment adherence, as well as the placebo and nocebo response. Keith Petrie and his colleague John Weinman developed the Illness Perception Questionnaire which is widely used in health psychology and medical research. His recent awards include a Fulbright Fellowship, the Gluckman Medal and a Distinguished International Scholar Award from the Health Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association. He has been elected as a Fellow of the Association of Psychological Science and the Academy of Behavioural Medicine Research. In 2015 Professor Petrie was made a Fellow of the Royal Society and was the recipient of the Durie Medal, which is awarded to New Zealand’s pre-eminent social scientist.

Affiliation: University of Auckland, New Zealand


Presenter: Kate MacKrill (New Zealand)

Title: TBC

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Affiliation: University of Auckland, New Zealand



Presenter: Rob Horne (United Kingdom)

Title: TBC

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Affiliation: University College London, United Kingdom



Presenter: G. James Rubin (United Kingdom)

Title: TBC

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Affiliation: Kings College London, United Kingdom



Presenter: Michael Witthoft (Germany)

Title: TBC

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Affiliation: University of Mainz, Germany


Discussant: John Weinman, Kings College London, United Kingdom

Catherine Ratelle

Catherine Ratelle (Canada)

Focus of Lecture: Parenting and Self-Development

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Nominating Division/Section: Education, School & Instructional

Symposium Summary and Aims : This session presents research on the role of parents in their children’s development by considering psychological and academic development. Nested in a self-determination perspective, the four presentations examine parent-child interactions that support, or thwart, the satisfaction of children’s psychological needs. Using different methodologies (qualitative, experimental, longitudinal) and sampling children at different developmental stages (toddlers, children, adolescents), the results demonstrate the importance for parents to be autonomy supportive, involved, and structuring, as well as to refrain from putting pressure and coercing their child. These findings will then be discussed by a lead scholar on parenting and children’s academic and emotional development.


Affiliation: Université Laval, Canada

Geneviève A. Mageau

Presenter: Geneviève A. Mageau, Mireille Joussemet, Chantal Paquin, Fanny Grenier & Richard Koestner (Canada)

Title: Promoting Optimal Parenting and Children’s Mental Health: Long Term Effects of The How-To Parenting Program

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Abstract: Joussemet, Mageau, and Koestner (2014) showed that the How-to parenting program (Faber & Mazlish, 1980) seems effective to induce positive change in parenting quality (i.e., structure, affiliation, autonomy support [AS]) and child mental health (less externalizing and internalizing problems). Although promising, this study did not evaluate whether these effects persist over time or if this program is beneficial to all. Yet, research on temperament shows that children with a higher negative emotionality (NE) have a differential susceptibility to parenting (Cassidy et al., 2011). This study thus aimed at (1) evaluating the program’s long-term impacts on parenting and child mental health, and (2) testing the moderating role of NE in these effects. Joussemet et al. (2014)’s sample (N = 93; 80% mothers) was contacted at six-month and one-year follow-ups and asked to complete follow-up assessments of parenting quality and child mental health. Parents also reported their child’s NE at T1. Multivariate multilevel analyses revealed improvements on all variables from pre to post-test that stabilized and persisted through the follow-up period; only AS skills decreased slightly from post-test to the six-month follow-up. Despite this slight decrease, all observed improvements in parenting and child mental health were significant six and twelve months after the program, compared to pretest. Finally, improvements in affiliation, AS skills, and child mental health were more pronounced for high NE children. These preliminary results support the potential effectiveness of the How-to program in improving parenting and child mental health, with accentuated effects for high NE children.

Affiliation: Geneviève A. Mageau, Mireille Joussemet, Chantal Paquin, Fanny Grenier - Université de Montréal, Canada
Richard Koestner - McGill University, Canada



Presenter: Mireille Joussemet, Eftichia Andreadakis, Jessie-Ann Armour, Marilena Côté-Lecaldare, Geneviève A. Mageau & Julie C. Laurin (Canada)

Title: Toddlers’ Autonomy: Examining How to Support it and Why it’s Difficult to Do So

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Abstract: The importance of supporting vs. thwarting children’s autonomy for their development and well-being is well-established but most research focused on school-aged children. The present talk presents recent studies pertaining to autonomy support (AS) toward toddlers. First, a qualitative content analysis of interviews conducted with eight daycare educators describes how they put AS into practice across many situations. Traditional elements (empathy, rationales, choices) were mentioned and other practices (pertaining to knowing toddlers, sensitivity, being a partner, mentoring and feedback) help widening the scope of AS (Côté-Lecaldare, Joussemet & Dufour, 2016). Second, a study conducted with parents of toddlers (N = 182) explored what practices they use when they ask their toddler to engage in an important yet uninteresting activity. Parents rated 26 practices, along with a classic parental AS scale. Results identify eight practices pertaining to empathy, rationales, informational communication and modeling and their use was positively related with toddlers' rule internalization (Andreadakis, Joussemet & Mageau, submitted). Moreover, mediation models show that toddlers’ negative affectivity was associated with greater parental stress, which in turn predicted lower parental use of these eight strategies (Andreadakis, Joussemet, Laurin & Mageau, submitted). Finally, the link between children’ negative affectivity (father reports) and parental lack of AS (mother reports) was observed in a longitudinal study. Specifically, 1 ½ year olds infants’ irritability (N = 2 223) predicted maternal coercion one year later, whereas infants’ fearfulness predicted overprotection (Armour, Joussemet, Kurdi, Tessier, Boivin & Tremblay, 2017), controlling for other key risk factors.

Affiliation: Université de Montréal, Canada



Presenter: Hanna Dumont (Germany)

Title: Parental Homework Involvement and Students’ Academic Development: Opportunities and Risks

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Abstract: Homework is the setting in which home and school intersect most closely and, thus, has great potential to bridge the two main contexts in which children’s learning takes place. However, empirical research indicates that parental homework involvement may not always be a good thing. Based on four longitudinal large-scale survey and assessment studies from Germany and Switzerland, in which secondary school students were asked about their parents’ involvement in their homework process, I will present findings on opportunities and risks of parental homework involvement regarding its impact on students’ academic development. The studies show that frequent help of parents is not necessarily beneficial for students. Only when parents’ involvement was characterized by emotional and autonomy support, students showed a positive academic development. In contrast, when parents were intrusive and controlling during the homework process, more conflict between students and parents were reported and students showed lower academic achievement and lower motivation. Furthermore, the empirical findings revealed that parental involvement did not only affect students, but was also affect by students’ characteristics—more than by characteristics of the parents themselves. Taken together, it is the quality of parental homework involvement that matters, not its quantity. Therefore, when aiming to increase parental homework involvement, parents need to be offered guidance on how to assist their children with homework in order for it to live up to its potential.

Affiliation: German Institute for International Educational Research, Germany


Catherine F. Ratelle

Presenter:Catherine F. Ratelle, Stéphane Duchesne, Frédéric Guay, Geneviève Boisclair Châteauvert - Université Laval

Title: Comparing the Contribution of Overall Structure and its Specific Dimensions for Competence-Related Outcomes: A Bifactor Model

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Abstract: Parental structure entails making children’s environment predictable, which supports the satisfaction of their need for competence. Recently, researchers have proposed a multidimensional conceptualization of parental. Because past studies typically assessed one or two of these dimensions, we do not know how useful adding other dimensions is for predicting competence-related outcomes. This one-year prospective study tested if including all dimensions of parental structure improved the prediction of students’ competence-related outcomes. The sample included 378 adolescents (53% girls) who completed a survey assessing parental structure (Time 1) and competence-related outcomes (academic achievement and adjustment, vocational efficacy and self-concept; Time 2). Using exploratory structural equation modeling, we tested a bifactorial model of parental structure, which allowed comparing within a single model the contribution of global structure to that of its underlying dimensions. Hence, global structure explained the largest share of variance in academic achievement, adjustment, self-efficacy, and identity. Results supported the utility of considering all indicators of parental structure, without needing to discriminate among those relating to a specific dimension. Indeed, the global factor was a stronger predictor of outcomes, compared to specific dimensions, and none of the dimensions systematically outperformed global structure across all outcomes. This research demonstrated that students’ competence-related outcomes are better predicted from parental structure when all six dimensions are assessed. Future research would therefore benefit from increasing questionnaire length to map on all dimensions of structure to more adequately determine how to support children’s need for competence and its consequences.

Affiliation: Université Laval, Canada


Discussant: Richard Koestner

Maria Cristina Richaud

María Cristina Richaud (Argentina)

Focus of Lecture: Parenting, Social Cognition, and Emotions in Children and Adolescents

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Nominating Division/Section:

Abstract: In this Symposium will be presented different kind of studies about parenting, emotion regulation, theory of mind, empathy , and prosocial behavior in children and adolescents. The first presentation aims to study mental states attribution (mind theory) and the influence of language used in family and school practices. The results obtained in children aged 3 to 16 showed a significant difference in the development of social cognition between the children who went through the treatment with respect to those without treatment. In the second presentation, it will be analyzed the role of empathy in prosocial behavior. This presentation aims to study the influence of attribution on the empathic attitude, and the effect of positive and negative empathy combined with attribution and target on prosocial behavior. The results of a factor study obtained with school children, indicate that the statements that involve the conscious decision to undertake an empathetic action imply a set of generalized beliefs and causal attributions about the misfortune of others and the evaluation of whether it is appropriate to assist them. Results of experimental situation, obtained with adolescents , indicate that levels of Prosocial behavior are lower in situations of positive empathy and negative attribution and their interaction, and the perceived emotional cost is lower in situations of empathy both positive and negative when the person receiving the help is a friend. Finally, it will be analyzed the effects of different forms of parental control on emotion regulation and prosocial cognitions and behaviors in preschool children. Preliminary findings iindicate the differentiated role of authoritarian and psychological control on children’s prosocial tendencies and the possible mediating roles of emotion regulation and prosocial moral reasoning on these relations. Three presentations have important implications for the development of more effective parenting and child intervention in prosociality and social cognition.


Affiliation: National Scientific and Technical Research Council | conicet · CIIPME, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Maria-Regina Maluf

Presenter: Maria-Regina Maluf (Brasil)

Title: Social cognition in young children and adolescents: influence of language in family and school

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Abstract: Social cognition focuses on the role that cognitive processes play in social interactions. This presentation refers to researches which aim to understand social psychological phenomena in children, such as mental states attribution (mind theory) and the influence of language used in family and school practices. Issues such as how do children come to understand the complexities of human social behavior have a long history in psychology; in the last 30 years they have become a central topic for developmental and educational psychologists. Children can learn just by observing others and they can learn by instructions. Some recent researches with Brazilian children aim at contributing to explanations of how social understanding develops, considering participants from different social and economic backgrounds. The researches were done with experimental and quasi-experimental procedures, using pre-test, treatment and post-test. Participants included children aged 3 to 16, mothers and teachers of early childhood education.Mothers as well as teachers were instructed to interact with children using storytelling to encourage them to recognize the mental states of the characters in the stories. Mind theory tasks were used for evaluation; the software SPAD-T was used for textual analysis. In one study, the participants were children up to 11 to 16 years old, with autism syndrome, and the intervention was done by the mothers.The results of the four studies reported showed a significant difference in the development of social cognition of the children who went through the treatment, both in the case of the intervention made by the teachers and in the case of the intervention done by the mothers.They have an impact on the educational practice that can occurs in both, families as well as schools; they reinforce the vigorous evidence regarding the importance and necessity of language for the development of social cognition and executive functions.

Bio: Maria Regina MALUFis a Developmental and Educational Psychology. She works as a professor at the Catholic University of São Paulo in Brazil. Her career began with a Doctorate in Psychology in 1973 from the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.She was a pos doctoral researcher at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and a researcher at the Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRP) in Paris (France). Since the beginning of her career she has actively participated in International Psychology Associations, such as IUPsyS, SIP, IAAP, as well as in many National Brazilian Psychological Associations.The international impact of her work, especially in Applied Psychology, takes place mainly in the countries of Latin America (Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Equator, Cuba, Mexico, Argentina among others) through lectures, courses, invited colloquia, as well as through her publications. She acts as leader of the Research Group "Initial Schooling and Psychological Development", which develops activities and applied research, with children in the first years of life, including families in situations of social risk. Her main themes of study and research have been psychologist training for work in education, literacy and metalanguage, socio-cognitive development and early childhood education. The emphasis of her applied works is placed on the role of Psychology to help children and families living in poverty.

Affiliation: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil


L. Diego Conejo & Gustavo Carlo

Presenter: L. Diego Conejo (USA) & Gustavo Carlo (USA)

Title: The Relations Among Parenting Styles, Emotion Regulation, Prosocial Moral Reasoning, and Prosocial Behaviors in Costa Rican Young Children

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Abstract: Parents’ can exert authoritarian and psychological control, which influence children’s socioemotional and moral development. However, little is known about the effects of different forms of control on emotion regulation and prosocial cognitions and behaviors. We explored the interplay among parental control, emotion regulation, prosocial moral reasoning, and prosocial behaviors. 193 preschool children (M age = 6.29; 91 boys), parents, and teachers participated. Parent’s reported on parenting styles (Sleddens et al., 2014), teachers reported on children’s prosocial behaviors (Rodriguez Villagra et al., 2010), and experimenters administered children’s emotion regulation (Smith-Donald et al., 2007) and prosocial moral reasoning (Eisenberg, 1986) tasks. Preliminary correlations reveal that authoritarian control was negatively related to compliant and sharing behaviors. Psychological control was negatively related to sharing. Emotion regulation was positively related to all prosocial behaviors. Coding of prosocial moral reasoning interviews is ongoing and path analysis will be conducted to examine the conceptual model. Discussion will focus on the differentiated role of authoritarian and psychological control on children’s prosocial tendencies. The possible mediating roles of emotion regulation and prosocial moral reasoning on these relations will be highlighted. In addition, the preliminary findings are in accord with growing evidence on the multidimensionality of prosocial behaviors.The expected findings will inform parenting, prosocial behavior, and emotion regulation theories. Moreover, though the findings are preliminary, examination of these relations have important implications for the development of more effective parenting and child intervention efforts aimed at fostering prosocial development in young children.

L. Diego Conejo - PhD. candidate from the University of Missouri in Human Development and Family Science under the supervision of Dr. Carlo. He is currently working on the dissertation project at the University of Costa Rica. He is interested in children’s socioemotional and moral development and how these dimensions along with parenting and culture affect their school readiness.

Gustavo Carlo - Dr. Carlo is the Millsap Professor of Diversity and Multicultural Studies at the University of Missouri in Human Development and Family Science. He studies parenting, personality, and cultural correlates of prosocial and moral development. He has published over 200 articles, books, and chapters. He is a Fellow of APA and APS and is past Associate Editor of Developmental Psychology and Journal of Research on Adolescence.

Affiliation: L. Diego Conejo, University of Missouri and University of Costa Rica
Gustavo Carlo, University of Missouri, USA



Presenter: María Cristina Richaud (Argentina)

Title: The role of contextual variables in the relationship between empathy and prosocial behavior

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Abstract: Despite the numerous studies that found a strong relationship between empathy and prosocial behavior, contextual modulation of empathy may represent an adaptive advantage, making behavior more sensitive to different environment conditions. To perform this flexible behavior, our brain must access the available contextual information to predict the social meaning (e.g., others’ intentions, feelings, and behavior) on the basis of previous experiences and the relevance of the particular situation. The aim of the presentation is to study the influence of attribution on the empathic attitude, and the effect of positive and negative empathy combined with attribution and target on prosocial behavior. Results of CFA, carried out with 479 school children with a mean age = 10.77 years (SD = 1.16; range 9-12 years; 257 girls), indicate that the statements that involve the conscious decision to undertake an empathetic action implies a set of generalized beliefs and causal attributions about the misfortune of others and the evaluation of whether it is appropriate to assist them. In the case of experimental situation, carried out with 490 adolescents with a mean age = 13.84 years ( SD = 1.51 range 11-16 years; 200 girls), the results indicate that levels of prosocial behavior are lower in situations of positive empathy and negative attribution and their interaction, and the perceived emotional cost is lower in situations of empathy both positive and negative when the person receiving the help is a friend and not a stranger. This knowledge is important for its application in programs to promote empathy and prosociality, of considerable value for today's society characterized by high levels of aggressiveness and low levels of prosocial behavior.

Authors: María Cristina Richaud and Belén Mesurado

Affiliation: National Scientific and Technical Research Council | conicet · CIIPME, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Gertraud Stadler

Gertraud (Turu) Stadler (United Kingdom)

Focus of Lecture: Close Relationships and Health

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Nominating Division/Section: Div 8: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine

Abstract: Close relationships are central to well-being and health. The speakers in this symposium will provide five innovative perspectives on close relationships and health, ranging from a life-course perspective in mid-life and older couples to interventions and dyadic longitudinal studies of health behaviour change. Anita DeLongis and colleagues will take a life-course approach, showing that early family distress increases the risk of divorce in step families, and that couples’ joint appraisal can decrease this risk. Christiane Hoppmann and colleagues examine synchrony in physiological markers, affect, and closeness in older couples. Laura Porter and colleagues will report about developing a couple-based physical activity intervention for cancer survivors. Jenny Inauen and colleagues study support from social media groups and how it influences healthy eating in their intervention study. Gertraud Stadler and colleagues will review findings from dyadic longitudinal studies of the links between support and companionship, and their associations with affect, relationship satisfaction, and health behavior change. Urte Scholz will discuss the five talks and their contribution to building theories and a solid evidence base for the field and increasing the impact of research on close relationships and health.

Bio: Turu Stadler is a social/health psychologist and a Senior Lecturer in Health Psychology at the University of Aberdeen. She received her PhD in Psychology from the University of Hamburg, Germany in 2006, and then worked as an Associate Research Scientist in Psychology and Public Health at Columbia University. Her main research interest is the individual and social regulation of behavior change. Her applied research focus is the development and testing of theory-based models for health behavior change in individuals and dyads. In conducting her research, she has studied a diverse range of quantitative methods, including intensive longitudinal design, the analysis of longitudinal data, and measurement with diaries, physiological indicators, and sensors.

Affiliation: University of Aberdeen, Scotland, U.K. & Columbia University, U.S.A.

Anita DeLongis

Presenter: Anita DeLongis and Ellen Stephenson

Title: Early Family Stress Predicts Divorce in Stepfamilies: Findings From a 20-Year Prospective Study

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Background/rational: Couples in stepfamilies are at increased risk of divorce, and tend to experience high levels of stress. Cognitive models of stress predict that those who appraise stress as most serious are at greatest risk of poor outcomes. Social contextual models argue that spouses’ shared appraisals might play a protective role.
Methods: We examined associations between appraisals of family stressor severity and subsequent divorce among 170 couples in stepfamilies. Each member of the couple was interviewed about stress, coping, and perceptions of their spouse. Couples were then followed, both with daily diaries and subsequent interviews, intermittently across 20 years.
Results: Family stress increased the risk of divorce. However, the risk was decreased when spouses reported a shared view of the seriousness of the stressor. Further, comparing data from both spouses indicated that when both reported the same problem as their most serious, the risk of marital dissolution was also decreased.
Conclusions: Family stress was found to be a risk factor for divorce across a 20-year period. However, our findings support social-contextual and dyadic coping models in which shared appraisals of stress can serve a protective function.
Action/Impact: Understanding how couples appraise the stressors they encounter may help identify useful targets for preventive marital interventions. The findings support the value of early preventive interventions for couples in families under stress.

Bio: Anita DeLongis received her doctorate in psychology from the University of California at Berkeley under the research supervision of Richard S. Lazarus. She completed a clinical internship in Behavioral Medicine through the University of California at San Francisco Family and Community Medicine Program under the direction of Donald C. Ransom. She then completed a National Institute of Mental Health funded postdoctoral fellowship in the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan under the supervision of Ronald C. Kessler. She joined the faculty at the University of British Columbia in 1988 and coordinates the program in health psychology, where she is also a faculty associate in UBC Faculty of Medicine’s International Consortium on Repair Discoveries. She has served on the editorial boards of Health Psychology, Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, Journal of Personality, Personality and Social Psychology Review, American Journal of Community Psychology, Journal of Family Psychology, Canadian Psychology, and Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. She is a member elect of the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research, and is a council member for the Western Psychological Association. DeLongis has over a hundred publications, and is a recipient of the UBC Killam Faculty Research Prize. Her work has been funded by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Institute for Health Research, Canadian Foundation for AIDS Research, British Columbia Paraplegic Society, Rick Hanson Man in Motion Research Fund, BC Environment and Occupational Health Research Network, Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies, and the UBC Hampton Fund. Her work examines the interplay of stress and social relationships.

Affiliation: University of British Columbia


Christiane Hoppmann

Presenter: Christiane Hoppmann

Title: Everyday moderators of physiological synchrony in older couples

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Background/rationale: Couples not only share their everyday lives but there is also evidence that they are ‘in sync’ physiologically. Yet, little is known about the factors that contribute to everyday physiological synchrony of older couples. This study aims to link cortisol synchrony to current affect and partner closeness in daily life.

Methods: We used data from 85 older couples (M age = 71 years, range: 60-87) who completed questionnaires and provided saliva samples five times a day for 7 days (at waking, 30 min after waking, at 11:00, 16:00, and 21:00). Data were analyzed using multilevel models, controlling for diurnal cortisol pattern.

Results: Cortisol levels were significantly correlated among partners. Lower current high arousal negative affect, higher current low arousal negative affect, and higher daily perceptions of closeness with the partner were linked with increased cortisol synchrony. Cortisol synchrony was unrelated to current high or low arousal positive affect.

Conclusions: Cortisol synchrony was associated with both positive (e.g. perceived daily closeness) as well as negative (e.g. low arousal negative affect) correlates in the current study. Synchrony may be important for perspective-taking and empathy, but could also put the partner at risk if physiological stress responses are transmitted frequently.

Action/Impact: Our findings help in the understanding of which everyday factors are associated with co-varying cortisol levels between older partners. More research is needed to examine the direction of transmission and to analyse precursors and long-term consequences of physiological synchrony in couples.

Theresa Pauly - University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada,

Victoria I. Michalowski - University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada,
Denis Gerstorf - Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany,
Maureen C. Ashe - Center for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver, Canada & Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada,

Kenneth M. Madden - Center for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver, Canada & Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada,
Christiane A. Hoppmann - University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, & Center for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver, Canada

Bio: Dr. Christiane Hoppmann is associate professor in health psychology and Canada Research Chair in Health and Adult Development in UBC’s psychology department. She is also a core member of the UBC Center for Hip Health and Mobility.
Her research examines how key psychological factors such as social relationships and goals contribute to the successful mastery of challenges and foster healthy aging. Her projects involve in-depth investigations of everyday processes using novel daily life assessments (‘time-sampling’) and track how such everyday life processes accumulate over time to manifest in long-term health outcomes.
Dr. Hoppmann’s research is currently funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, and the German Research Foundation. Almost all of her research is done collaboratively with different disciplines, local stakeholders and community organizations, and researchers from other Canadian and international universities (e.g. UBC Center for Hip Health and Mobility; Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany; Concordia University, Montreal). She has received the Killam Faculty Research Prize (2015), a Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research Scholar Award (2012), the Springer Early Career Achievement Award in Research on Adult Development and Aging from the American Psychological Association (2012), the Margaret and Paul Baltes Early Career Award from the Gerontological Society of America (2012), and the Peter Wall Early Career Scholar Award from the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies (2011).

Affiliation: University of British Columbia


Jennifer Inauen

Presenter: Jennifer C. Inauen

Title: Social- and self-regulation in smartphone-based groups to promote healthy eating: Results from a randomized controlled trial

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Background: Smartphone-based support groups can successfully promote healthy eating. However, the mechanisms of this effect are unknown. Enacted support might promote healthy eating via enhancing received support or self-regulation. This study investigated the interplay of social- and self-regulation as potential mechanisms of smartphone-based support groups to promote healthy eating.
Methods: N=203 adults were randomized to the social support or the control condition, and completed a 13-day diary. During Days 4-10, intervention participants supported each other in smartphone-based groups to eat more healthily. Support was coded from the chat content. Furthermore, support and self-regulatory factors were reported in daily diaries.
Results: The intervention successfully promoted healthy eating (B=0.48, CI95: 0.23, 0.73). The coding revealed that attentiveness (18.7%) and informational support (14.2%) were the most exchanged support types. Action control was the only significant mechanism of the intervention effect. Mediation analyses further indicated that social support affected healthy eating by enhancing self-regulation.
Action/Impact: This study indicated that smartphone-based support groups can successfully promote healthy eating through increasing action control. Support exchanged in smartphone-based groups seems to indirectly promote healthy eating via enhancing self-regulation.

Jennifer Inauen - Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science & Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland,
Melanie Amrein - University of Zurich, Switzerland,
Pamela Rackow - University of Aberdeen, UK,
Urte Scholz - Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science & Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland

Bio: Jenny Inauen is a social psychologist and Group Leader (Tenure Track) in the Cluster Environmental and Health Psychology (EHPsy) at the Department of Environmental Social Sciences at Eawag. Her research group focuses on individual, social, and environmental regulation of behavior related to water and health. In particular, she is interested in how behavior change processes unfold and can be altered in daily life, and how person and environment (natural, social, and built) interact in this process. Using social and health psychological theory and methods that allow studying psychological processes in daily life, she investigates these phenomena using the example of environmental and other health risks, such as contaminated drinking water or avoiding unhealthy snacks.

Affiliation: Eawag Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science & Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland


Laura Porter

Presenter: Laura Porter

Title: Move 2 Health: A couple-based physical activity intervention for cancer survivors

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Background: Physical activity (PA) is associated with a myriad of benefits for cancer survivors. However, most survivors are not sufficiently active, and PA interventions have had mixed success. Involving partners in a PA intervention is a novel approach that could promote better adherence and longer term effects.
Methods: We conducted a randomized pilot study to test the feasibility and acceptability of a couple-based PA intervention, Move2Health. The four-session intervention, conducted via videoconference, trained couples in communication skills to help them identify and implement effective support strategies, and behavior change techniques adapted to a communal coping approach.
Results: Twenty survivor-partner dyads were randomized to either the intervention or waitlist control. 92% of randomized participants completed post-intervention surveys, and 78% of intervention dyads completed all four sessions. Mean difference scores suggested greater improvements in PA, partner support, and physical well being for participants in the intervention versus control arm.
Action/Impact: These preliminary findings suggest that a couple-based intervention may be a promising approach to increasing PA in cancer survivors. We will discuss lessons learned from this pilot study which are being used to plan for a larger study to test the efficacy of the Move2Health intervention.

Authors: Laura S. Porter, Xiaomei Gao, Pauline Lyna, William Kraus, Emily Patterson, Blair Puleo, & Kathryn I. Pollak,. Duke University School of Medicine, USA.

Bio: Laura Porter, PhD is Associate Professor of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences at Duke School of Medicine in Durham, NC. She is a clinical psychologist whose research focuses on developing and evaluating psychosocial interventions to help patients and their family members cope with the symptoms and psychological demands of illness. She has particular expertise in couple-based intervention for cancer.

Affiliation: Duke School of Medicine in Durham, NC


Gertraud Stadler

Presenter: Gertraud Stadler

Title: Going beyond social support - Are enjoyable shared activities the road to health and well-being?

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Background: Psychosocial processes such as companionship and support have long been of interest to health scientists and relationship researchers alike. However, most studies so far have focused either on individuals or couples with cross-sectional designs. A new wave of dyadic longitudinal studies promises a better understanding of psychosocial processes and their links with well-being and health behaviour, examining both members of couples, close to real time, and with high ecological validity. We present data from two dyadic longitudinal studies of the links between companionship and social support with well-being and health behaviour.
Methods: Both partners in committed romantic couples (Study 1: N = 90, Study 2: N = 99) filled out daily online diaries for over a month. We used a mean-difference approach to investigate companionship concordance and discrepancy (Iida, Seidman, & Shrout, 2017).
Findings: Companionship and support varied between couples, within partners, and from day to day within person in both studies. Companionship and support showed high correlations between partners (r > .49, p < .05 within and between persons), emphasizing the need for understanding the couple level. In Study 2, smokers with higher companionship smoked fewer cigarettes, over and above support.
Discussion: Both companionship and support emerged as intertwined, yet independent constructs with unique links to affect, relationship satisfaction, and health behaviour.
Action/Impact: Companionship is an understudied social process that matters for health and well-being. Dyadic longitudinal studies could pave the road to more effective health intervention.

Stadler, G.,
Luescher, J.,
Riccio, M.,
Hunter, E. R.,
Ochsner, S.,
Knoll, N.,
Hornung, R.
Scholz, U.

Affiliation: University of Aberdeen, UK & Columbia University, USA



Discussant: Urte Scholz - University of Zurich, Switzerland

Richard Young

Richard Young (Canada)

Focus of Lecture: Human Action and the Future of Applied Psychology

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Nominating Division/Section: Div 16: Counselling

Symposium overview: Human action in its various iterations is the focus of many research questions and practices in psychology generally, including, for example, cognitive science and cultural psychology. The understandings generated in these and other fields of psychology have applications for areas of applied psychology. Conversely, applied psychology because of its grounding in human action can speak directly to complexity that psychology addresses. Human action represents the epitome of the theme of the congress, that is, the thriving partnership between science and practice.
In this symposium, the presenters address human action and action theory as an alternative paradigm that has and will have relevance in a variety of areas of applied psychology.
Catherine Raeff argues for a conceptualization of human action that encompasses the complexity of what people do and identifies human action as the unit of analysis in psychological research, including applied psychological research. The four subsequent presenters discuss the place of human action in specific areas of applied psychology.
Mary Sue Richardson takes the position that human action, particularly the concept of agentic action, is central to the field of vocational psychology. She grounds her argument on changing social structures, social constructionism, and narrative theory all of which contribute to understanding and influencing how people engage in their work lives.
Valérie Cohen-Scali takes the argument about the place human action in vocational psychology a step further by addressing the dialogical and conversation actions of adults in mid-career transition. Her research addresses the functionality of these actions in the process of goal-directed career transition. These actions serve a variety of functions not the least of which is the agency they enact in people’s lives.
José Domene also addresses the joint action between people as a manifestation of human action. In this case, he focuses on the field of relationships, specifically romantic relationships. He reports on current research involving young adults in romantic relationships from the perspective of their joint goal-directed projects.
Ladislav Valach reports on the development and implementation of a suicide prevention procedure that has at its core an understanding of suicide processes as goal-directed action. In this presentation, Dr. Valach extends the understanding of action to include mid-term projects and long-term career and speaks to the merits for research and practice of understanding suicide processes as goal-directed action.

Bio: Richard A. Young is a Professor in the Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology and Special Education at the University of British Columbia. A Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association and the American Psychological Association, Professor Young’s interests are in the areas of parent-adolescent interaction, health psychology, and career development. With a number of colleagues, he has extended the application of action theory to topics in career development, health promotion and, particularly, parent-adolescent communication. These applications have included the refinement of a qualitative research method based on action theory as well as its application to cultural studies. With W. A. Borgen, he is the editor of Methodological studies for the study of career (Praeger, 1990), and with A. Collin, Interpreting career: Hermeneutical studies of lives in context (Praeger, 1992) and The future of career (Cambridge University Press, 2000). With L. Valach and M. J. Lynam, he is the author of Action theory: A primer for applied research in the social sciences (Praeger, 2002). Professor Young has authored or co-authored over 100 articles and chapters published in scientific and professional journals and books.

Affiliation: University of British Columbia, Canada

Catherine Raeff

Presenter: Catherine Raeff (USA)

Title: Conceptualizing the Complexities of Human Action

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Abstract: Human beings are complex creatures who live complex lives amidst complex circumstances. Complexity is evident in the dynamics, variability, and individuality of what people do as they engage in the daily life settings of applied psychology. Some of this complexity is obfuscated by conventional psychology practices, including fragmenting, objectifying, and aggregating. This presentation focuses on articulating an integrative conceptualization of human action as a unit of analysis for psychology that encompasses the complexity of what people do. Using systems theory as a meta-theoretical frame, the current action perspective starts from the premise that people act in relation to others, and that such action is made up of multiple and interrelated constituent processes. It posits that action is constituted by simultaneously occurring and interrelated individual, social, cultural, bodily, and environmental processes. Action is further conceptualized in terms of psychological processes (e.g., perceiving, thinking, feeling, interacting, self/identity), and developmental processes. This conceptualization provides an antidote to conventional psychology’s fragmenting practices with a unit of analysis that encompasses varied domains of functioning and processes at the same time, rather than treating them independently. It provides an antidote to objectifying by embracing subjective experience. It provides an alternative to aggregating practices by addressing how general human processes are played out in individualized ways, as well as in culturally particular ways. This action perspective provides a theoretical framework that is relevant to psychology in general, as well for thinking systematically about varied complex and vexing human issues that are confronted in applied settings.


Affiliation: Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA


Mary Sue Richardson

Presenter: Mary Sue Richardson (USA)

Title: Vocational Psychology

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Abstract: The position taken in this paper is that human action (agentic action) is a construct that is central to the future of vocational psychology. Vocational psychology, which began with an emphasis on theory, research, and practice aimed at helping people make vocational or career (market work) choices, has evolved over time to a focus on helping people take agentic action in their lives. Agentic action is essentially about helping people engage in action characterized by some sense of conscious purpose to pursue aims in response to life circumstances. Rather than choosing, the emphasis is on taking action in social contexts. This theoretical shift in emphasis is grounded first of all, in the realities of radical changes occurring in contemporary social structures. Second, it is located in social constructionism, especially contextualism, that envisions human actors as whole persons situated in interdependent social contexts, not as persons with a psychologized career self interfacing primarily with the occupational structure. Third, this theoretical orientation is steeped in narrative theory that conceives of human beings as located fundamentally in time, in a present in which the future is always emerging through agentic action as the stories of the past are constructed. A focus on agentic action in vocational psychology positions vocational psychology as a field that aims to help people move forward in their lives in meaningful and empowering ways. Within this larger and more holistic context, the role of work, both paid market work and unpaid care work, is significant.


Affiliation: New York University, USA


Valérie Cohen-Scali

Presenter: Valérie Cohen-Scali (France)

Title: Dialogue and conversation actions during midcareer transitions

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Abstract: Career transitions are generally important changes in the lifestyle of individuals. Professional activities are interrupted and new forms of actions might take place. A set of agentic actions are developed during these periods, particularly dialogues and conversations. The aim of this presentation is to identify the main dialogue and conversation actions implemented by adults in career reconversion and their role on identity and career path construction. A study has been undertaken to explore the types of relational actions developed by people who want to change career. Semi-structured interviews with 12 executives, coming from private companies and willing to work in the Social and Solidarity Economy, have been conducted. The data have been analyzed using thematic content analysis. The results underline that these executives renew their relationships and their social network and develop many dialogue and conversation actions in formal and informal contexts. These dialogues and conversational activities appear to have several functions: search for information, request for explanation, interpretation of one’s situation, question. They suggest that individuals in midcareer transition try to implement deliberation times where several interpretations of their situation can be confronted. The observations show that mid- career transitions are specific career change periods where people are strongly active in directing direct their lives and trying to adjust their living contexts to their new expectations. Career counselors should be able to favor the development of dialogue and conversation actions with a variety of interlocutors, while facilitating the client’s reflection on these actions.


Affiliation: Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Paris, France


José F. Domene

Presenter: José F. Domene (Canada)

Title: Applied Psychology Research and Practice in the Domain of Romantic Relationships: The Role of Action

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Abstract: Theories of human action hold excellent potential for future research and practice in many areas of applied psychology, including romantic relationships. Focusing primarily on contextual action theory (CAT), this presentation describes current research exploring romantic partners’ communication and interactional patterns and potential ways to incorporate a focus on action in applied psychology practice with couples. Within CAT, actions are defined as intentional, individual or joint processes that are oriented towards achieving a desired end state or goal. Action is also viewed as constructed through language and social representation; that is, human action is embedded within a social context that must be attended to in understanding action. CAT emphasizes the importance of joint actions, which involve pairs or groups of persons working together to achieve mutual goals. Therefore, it is ideally suited for examining romantic relationships. Current CAT research has delineated ways that emerging adult couples negotiate and work together to pursue relationship goals (e.g., relocating, having children, work-life balance), and the power dynamics that undergird young couples interactions. Building on this initial work, in the future there is strong potential to extend this body of research to romantic relationships across the lifespan, as well as to explore couples’ actions in pursuit of goals in other life domains. Action can also serve as the central focus of counselling, as delinated in the CAT-informed approach proposed by Young, Domene, and Valach (2012). As will be explained in the presentation, this approach has several potential benefits for practitioners engaged in relationship counselling.


Affiliation: University of New Brunswick, Canada


Ladislav Valach

Presenter: Ladislav Valach (Switzerland)

Title: Action, Action Theory and Suicide Prevention

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Abstract: In this presentation, human action, including embodied cognition and enminded behaviour, is presented as an important way as well as a starting point to address applied issues in psychology. This includes short term and long term, conscious and unconscious, premeditated and spontaneous, rational and affective processes. We propose that contextual action theory can provide a framework for the conceptualization and treatment of applied issues in terms of goal-directed action. Using contextual action theory to examine suicide processes, a suicide prevention procedure was developed for patients who had attempted suicide. This procedure consists of establishing a joint suicide preventive project, developing a narrative, working on the suicide and suicide preventive actions in a self-confrontation interview, developing implementation intention and providing a regular reminder of the joint suicide preventive action. Results indicate that it was possible to reduce rates of repeated suicide attempt by more than other known published interventions achieved (55 treated patients, 5 (8.3%) re-attempts vs. 43 patients in the control group, 16 re-attempts (26.7%)) (Gysin-Maillart et al., 2016; Michel, Valach, & Gysin-Maillart, 2017). We conclude that seeing suicide processes as goal-directed actions, projects and careers helps in devising and conducting successful suicide prevention. The suicide preventive procedure has been implemented in the suicide crisis centre in the psychiatric outpatient clinic of the University Berne as the standard procedure.


Affiliation: Private practice, Berne, Switzerland

Tomasz ZaleskiewiczAgata Gasiorowska

Tomasz Zaleśkiewicz (Poland) & Agata Gąsiorowska (Poland)

Focus of Lecture: The Psychological Consequences of Money

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Nominating Division/Section: Division 9: Economic Psychology

Abstract: This symposium consists of five papers that capture different psychological aspects of money usage and money attitudes. The research that will be presented shows that money, in addition to its economic functions, also has emotional and social meanings. For example, money can evoke positive and negative feelings, activate innate proclivities and motivations, compensate for the sense of control, and change the norms within interpersonal relations.

The first paper (by Van Raaij & Antonides) focuses on the issue of money usage by households. The authors will provide quantitative information about how couples handle their household finances in terms of information seeking, decision making, making payments, saving, life and financial goals to be achieved, mental budgeting, and degree of consensus in decision making. The next two papers (by Tang & the Money Ethic Research International Team, and by Zhao & Tang) discuss the concepts of love of money and monetary intelligence and show how they are linked to investment behaviors, corruption, entrepreneurship and creativity. Interestingly, both papers will present results that were collected around the world and reveal many cross-cultural effects. The fourth paper (by Kuzminska, Gasiorowska, Zaleskiewicz, & Vohs) will demonstrate how the exposure of money impacts people’s proneness to trust others. The authors will show that being exposed to money increases transaction-oriented trust (related to market mode), but lowers communal trust (related to communal mode and thus conflicting with exchange relationships). Finally, the fifth paper by Kesebir, Zaleskiewicz, & Gasiorowska focuses on the idea of the symbolic value of money. It will show that saving money can buffer death anxiety and constitute a more effective buffer than spending money. The authors found in a series of experiments that saving can relieve future-related anxiety and provide people with a sense of control over their fate, thereby rendering death thoughts less threatening.


Affiliation: Professor of Psychology, Head of the Center for Research in Economic Behavior
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wroclaw Faculty of Psychology, Poland
Associate Editor - Journal of Economic Psychology
President Elect, Division of Economic Psychology IAAP - International Association of Applied Psychology



Fred van RaaijGerrit Antonides

Presenter: Fred van Raaij & Gerrit Antonides (Netherlands)

Title: How Couples Discuss and Handle Their Money

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Abstract: Household financial behavior has been studied with regard to the allocation of financial means among household members. The allocation of financial means is correlated with power, equality, and influence of partners. Essentially, allocation systems are based on whether or not household income is pooled, and who is managing the pooled income. Then, different household types are defined based on the income allocation system used within the household.
In this research, we provide quantitative information about how couples handle their household finances in terms of information seeking, decision making, making payments, saving, life and financial goals to be achieved, mental budgeting, and degree of consensus in decision making. In particular, we use data collected in 2017 from 1116 households of which both partners separately completed the same questionnaire. Although there is a trend towards individualization, 87.8% of Dutch households have a joint bank account and 79.1% have a joint savings account.
The decision maker, male or female, tends to use mental budgeting to control expenses. Two thirds of the couples have goals for saving, independent of whether decisions are taken together or separately. People with ambitions and goals are more likely to perform better. There are important differences between male and female partners. In general, it is found that the male partner has a better financial knowledge, and judges financial affairs as more interesting. The female partner is better in financial capability (skills) and price comparisons, and has a better financial overview. Couples with joint decision making have fewer financial problems.

Affiliation: Fred van Raaij, Tilburg University, Netherlands & Gerrit Antonides, Wageningen University, Netherlands



Presenter: Thomas Li-Ping Tang & the Money Ethic Research International Team (MERIT) (USA)

Title: Love of Money’s Bright and Dark Consequences

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Abstract: Following the ABC model, the love of money construct (LoM) consists of Factors Rich (affect), Motivator (behavior), Importance, and Power (cognition). It is one of the most well developed and systematically used constructs of money attitude. Researchers have empirically substantiated this construct across more than 40 entities around the world and cited it in reviews, textbooks, and news media (Bloomberg; CNN; Financial Times). We define Monetary Intelligence (MI) as follows: Individuals apply their affective, behavioral, and cognitive monetary values to frame critical concerns in the context and strategically select certain options to maximize expected utilities and ultimate happiness. Here, I briefly report two studies.
In Study 1, we bridge the gap between stock volatility and behavioral economics, involving love of money from 229 individual private investors in Shanghai—the financial capital of China. We collected longitudinal data involving daily record of the Shanghai Stock Exchange Composite Index (SSECI, “the Index”) for 30 consecutive trading days during the financial crisis in 2008 and investor daily Index Happiness, Stock Percentage, and Stock Happiness. We extend prospect theory, the endowment effect, and monetary intelligence and offer the following new insights: Behaviorally, investor must become masters (but not slaves) of money and deactivate money as a Motivator. Curbing the desire to become Rich enhances happiness after gains (boom/risk aversion); appreciating money’s Importance bestows happiness after losses (bust/risk seeking). Our data demonstrate investor monetary wisdom in boom-and-bust cycles.
In Study 2, we simultaneously frame prospect of corruption in the context of gains-losses domain (pay satisfaction-pay dissatisfaction) and high-low probability (transparency). Data from 6,382 managers and Corruption Perceptions Index-CPI from 31 countries support our theory. We discover a novel pattern of corruption: Pay satisfaction and pay dissatisfaction correspond to the level and strength of the relationship between money attitude and corruption, craft opposite patterns of corruption in high- and low-transparency contexts and, counter-intuitively, have no overall impact on corruption. We expand prospect theory’s individual decision-making and Herzberg’s motivator-hygiene theory to cross-level theories. We debunk the myth that high pay satisfaction (pay/income) enhances integrity and curbs corruption across cultures. Further, we manipulate pay (satisfaction-dissatisfaction) and transparency (open rooms-private cubicles) in pay-for-performance experiments. In open rooms, people are risk averse. In private cubicles, pay dissatisfaction results in the greatest strength between love of money and cheating (risk seeking), replicating our survey study. Rational decision-makers prefer the prospect which offers the highest expected utility, supporting monetary intelligence. Love of money has both bright and dark sides. It has profound impact on investor stock happiness and manager corruption.

Affiliation: Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Department of Management, Jennings A. Jones College of Business, Middle Tennessee State University & the Money Ethic Research International Team (MERIT)


Yingzhen ZhaoThomas Li-Ping Tang

Presenter: Yingzhen Zhao (China) & Thomas Li-Ping Tang (USA)

Title: Aspiration for Money (Love of Money), Entrepreneurship Learning, and Creative Spirit

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Abstract: For the past three decades, researchers have explored the notion of money ethic, the meaning of money, the love of money, and monetary intelligence in more than 40 countries around the world. Monetary Intelligence (MI) asserts: Individuals apply monetary value to frame critical concerns in the context and strategically select options to maximize expected utility and happiness. Monetary Intelligence has its bright and dark sides. In this study, we expand the notion of monetary intelligence to the field of entrepreneurship and creative spirit.
Creativity is the generation of useful and novel ideas that is critical to the success of entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs tend to have a strong creative spirit and are risk-takers and original-thinkers. Most entrepreneurs are not satisfied with the status quo regarding their pay (income), want to have a strong control over their money, want to be rich, and are highly motivated by money. In this study, we focus on three aspects of aspiration for money—Rich, Motivator, and Success and frame these constructs in the context of happiness. We theorize a strong relationship between aspiration for money (love of money) and entrepreneurship learning—inspiration from successful entrepreneurs, reflection of experiences, and training from workshops—which, in turn, is related to the creative spirit. We explore the relationship between aspiration for money and entrepreneurship spirit, treat entrepreneurship learning as a mediator, and simultaneously investigate the direct and indirect paths, using a formative structure equation model (SEM). Our formative model of aspiration has two outcomes: entrepreneurship learning and creative spirit. We collected data from 277 college students in the US. Our results provide an excellent goodness of fit between our theoretical model and our data, revealing a partially mediated model.
Aspiration for money (love of money) is strongly related to entrepreneurship learning which, in turn, is strongly associated with the creative spirit—becoming risk taker and original thinker. Interestingly, the relationship between aspiration for money (love of money) and entrepreneurship spirit is negative and non-significant. Results support the mediation model. The overall impact is positive. Individuals with high aspiration for money have high entrepreneurship learning and creative spirit. Future researchers may verify and expand this theoretical model to other samples and cultures.

Affiliation: Yingzhen Zhao, Department of Health and Management, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China &
Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Department of Management, Jennings A. Jones College of Business, Middle Tennessee State University, USA


Anna KuzminskaAgata GasiorowskaTomasz ZaleskiewiczKathleen D. Vohs

Presenter: Anna Kuzminska, Agata Gasiorowska, Tomasz Zaleskiewicz, (Poland) &
Kathleen D. Vohs (USA)

Title: The Divergent Effects of Money Priming on Interpersonal Trust

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Abstract: Trust is essential for smooth functioning of most types of human relations, but requires interdependence, which people seem to resist after being reminded of money. In our project, we paid special interest to two models of social relations – communal and exchange (market). Exchange relationships involve constant cost-benefit analysis: in such relationships, people care whether the repayment is of a comparable value to an input, with money as the main medium of this exchange. On the other hand, communal mode characterizes relationships, where members of a group or dyad focus on commonalities, tend to cooperate, and disregard the economic value of each other’s input. Although not an essential part of this relationship model, money is nevertheless often present (e.g. lending money to a friend, a couple discussing household spending). Unfortunately, money may sometimes prove destructive to close, communal relationships. For instance, financial disagreements are the strongest predictor of divorce among other types of disagreements and most American respondents declared not discussing money with their partners. Conversely, for the exchange relationships, money might be associated with one's self interest, pleasure, and gaining something of value. This type of relationship also relies on trust. Without trust most of the exchanges would never occur - a used car might have some hidden defects, an employer might fail to pay us at the end of the month. A burst of anonymous online transactions increases the need to trust even further.
We hypothesized that money, compared to neutral cues, would lower trust in communal relationships but enhance trust in market relationships, in which transaction context was made salient. This hypothesis was investigated in five experiments.
Experiments were preceded by a pilot study investigating the free associations with the word ‘trust’. Fifty-one percent of such associations were related to close, interpersonal relationships, while only 4% to business relationships (45% were categorized as not related to these two categories). For this reason, we concluded that using word “trust” in our studies might trigger rather the communal than market-related associations.
Experiment 1 revealed that students reminded of money declared lower general social trust than controls. In Experiment 2, participants who were given a task of counting money preferred larger social distance and expressed less trust towards their interaction partner. These results confirmed our expectations that reminders of money might hamper social trust in the context of communal relationships.
Next, two experiments were conducted to see if the same will be observed for participants' decisions in Trust Game. In order not to bias participants' behavior, the words "trust" or "game" were not used in task description. In Experiment 3 participants took part in two one-shot, imaginary Trust Games (once as Allocators, once as Recipients) played for points. Unlike in the previous experiments, reminders of money led to increased trust: participants in the money condition sent more money to the other party than controls. Experiment 4 aimed at checking whether the obtained results were not biased by imaginary conditions. Participants took part in two one-shot Trust Games with real payments, and two different, anonymous partners. A different manipulation of the salience of money was also used. As in Experiment 3, participants primed with money demonstrated greater trust than participants in the neutral condition.
Finally, Experiment 5 was set up to explain these ostensibly conflicting outcomes. We based this study on the notion the design of the Trust Game is ambiguous enough that it allows for different interpretations. In the two-factor experiment we manipulated both money reminders and the framing of the TG either as a Task-Trust or a Task–Transaction. We found that money priming increased trust operationalized as amount of money allocated to the recipient, but only when the game was framed in relation with market-mode. However, when the description of the game referred to trust, a communal cue, reminders of money decreased the propensity to send money to the second party.
Summing up, we demonstrated that money might increase business (transaction) oriented trust, associated with market-pricing model of relationships and one's desire to maximize own outcomes. On the other hand, reminders of money seem to negatively affect communal trust, experienced in the communal-sharing model of relationships. Further studies might address the deeper mechanism of the observed associations.

Affiliation: Anna Kuzminska - University of Warsaw, Poland
Agata Gasiorowska - SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland
Tomasz Zaleskiewicz - SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland
Kathleen D. Vohs - University of Minnesota, USA


Pelin KesebirAgata GasiorowskaTomasz Zaleskiewicz

Presenter: Pelin Kesebir (USA), Agata Gasiorowska (Poland) & Tomasz Zaleskiewicz (Poland)

Title: Saving Can Save From Death Anxiety: Mortality Salience and Financial Decision-Making

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Abstract: Four studies tested the idea that saving money can buffer death anxiety and constitute a more effective buffer than spending money. Saving can relieve future-related anxiety and provide people with a sense of control over their fate, thereby rendering death thoughts less threatening. Study 1 found that participants primed with both saving and spending reported lower death fear than controls. Saving primes, however, were associated with significantly lower death fear than spending primes. Study 2 demonstrated that mortality primes increase the attractiveness of more frugal behaviors in save-or-spend dilemmas. Studies 3 and 4 found, in two different cultures (Polish and American), that the activation of death thoughts prompts people to allocate money to saving as opposed to spending. Overall, these studies provided evidence that saving protects from existential anxiety, and probably more so than spending.

Affiliation: Pelin Kesebir - University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA,
Agata Gasiorowska - SWPS University of Slocial Sciences and Humanities, Poland,
Tomasz Zaleskiewicz - SWPS University of Slocial Sciences and Humanities, Poland

Zhao, Jiaying

Jiaying Zhao (Canada)

Focus of Lecture: Using psychological science to address environmental sustainability challenges

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Nominating Division/Section: Environmental


Bio: Jiaying Zhao is the Canada Research Chair (t2) in Behavioural Sustainability, and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology and the Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability at the University of British Columbia. She received her PhD in cognitive psychology from Princeton University in 2013. She is the principal investigator of the Behavioural Sustainability Lab at UBC. Her research uses psychological principles to design behavioural solutions to address sustainability challenges. Specifically, she examines how resource scarcity impacts human cognition and behaviour and what interventions are effective at alleviating cognitive burdens in the poor; how to reduce water and energy consumption, encourage recycling and composting behavior, promote responsible carsharing behaviour, and engage the public on biodiversity conservation; and how attentional biases drive belief polarization about climate change.

Affiliation: University of British Columbia, Canada


Presenter: Jiaying Zhao (Canada)

Title: Motivated attention in the perception and action of climate change

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Abstract: Despite the overwhelming scientific evidence, many people still remain skeptical about climate change and refuse to take actions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change. Here we propose a motivated attention framework to explain public skepticism and inaction. We propose that personal motivations (e.g., political orientation) shape attention to climate change information, which alters the perception of climate evidence and shifts subsequent actions to mitigate climate change. In Study 1 (N=700), participants viewed a graph representing the annual global temperature change from 1880 to 2014 and estimated the average temperature change. We found that participants gave a higher estimate when the data were framed as global temperature than when the temperature label was removed (in a neutral frame). Furthermore, political orientation predicted participants’ estimation in that conservatives under-estimated the temperature change compared to liberals. In Study 2 (N=214), we eyetracked participants’ gaze when they viewed the temperature graph, and found that liberals focused more on the increasing phase of the curve, which was associated with a higher estimation of the global temperature change. However, conservatives focused more on the flat phase of the curve, which was associated with a lower temperature estimation. In Study 3 (N=104), we found that the total amount of gaze fixations of liberal participants on the graph predicted their willingness to donate to environmental organizations and their donation amount. These results provide initial evidence for the motivated attention framework, highlighting an attentional divide between liberals and conservatives in the perception of climate data, which can further explain their polarizing beliefs about climate change, as well as the actions these individuals take to address climate change. The current findings have important implications for the visualization of climate data and communication of climate science to different socio-political groups.


Affiliation: University of British Columbia, Canada



Presenter: Reuven Sussman (USA)

Title: Reconsidering the theory of planned behavior: A field study

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Abstract: The theory of planned behaviour proposes that behaviour is predicted by behavioural intention which is, in turn, predicted by attitudes toward the behaviour, subjective norms regarding the behaviour and perceived control over the behaviour. Implied within this theory is that each of the three base components (attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control) influences intentions. However, despite being one of the most widely used theories in social psychology, few studies have investigated this basic premise. This presentation will describe the third of three studies investigating this potential reverse-causal sequence. The first was correlational, the second was a lab-based experiment, and the third was a quasi-experimental field study. Study 3 was a field study in which chemistry lab users who were exposed to an intervention that targeted behavioural intentions subsequently perceived more positive subjective norms (one aspect of subjective norms was changed). Over the course of nearly two years, use of the 55 fume hoods in the chemistry building were automatically monitored, and use of the set back switch was logged. Using pre/post surveys and setback switch monitoring in a treatment and control group, we found that fume hood use and perceived social norms regarding fume hood use changed after our intervention. Together, the three studies demonstrate that a reverse-causal relation between intentions and base components is plausible and, thus, the theory of planned behaviour should be modified to include a reciprocal relation between these constructs.


Affiliation: The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), USA



Presenter: Loraine Lavallee ( Canada)

Title: Getting to sustainable lifestyles by understanding key social-psychological aspects of collective problems

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Abstract: Two aspects of collective environmental problems create significant barriers to sustainable living: the complex, globalized economic system in which we live and the collective nature of these problems. Three studies illustrate the social-psychological barriers created by these aspects of environmental problems. In a community study on sustainable landscaping practices, community residents (N = 519, MAge = 51) stated that environmental conservation should be the highest priority with landscaping, but conservation was residents’ lowest priority on their yards. Lack of understanding about sustainable landscaping techniques and practices was cited as the main barrier. To illustrate the obstacles individuals face when trying to understand the environmental impact of their behaviour, Study 2, a case study of one environmentalist’s daily food consumption, demonstrated that no product the individual consumed could be identified as definitely environmentally sustainable. For 64% of the products, the impact on environmental criteria could not be determined. Our complex, economic system obscures individuals’ environmental impact and therefore limits individuals’ ability to regulate behaviour around sustainability goals. Even if the sustainable path was easily identifiable, collective inertia can create another barrier. A commons dilemma study (Study 3) demonstrated that when the majority in a collective were over-harvesting and therefore ruining the ability of the group to achieve the long-term environmental objective, the individual’s willingness to conserve declined. Some market-based approaches to environmental conservation (e.g., individual cap and trade) can address a broader range of these barriers than others (e.g., carbon taxes, voluntary offsets).


Affiliation: University of Northern British Columbia, Canada


Elizabeth (Lisa) Nisbet

Presenter: Elizabeth (Lisa) Nisbet (Canada)

Title: Healthy Parks and Healthy People: The environmental and human health benefits of challenging citizens to spend time outdoors, connecting with nature

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Abstract: Natural environments such as parks can provide important physical and psychological well-being benefits. Encouraging people to visit parks and spend time in nature may also promote feelings of connectedness and concern for the natural environment. Results from Ontario Parks’ Healthy Parks Healthy People 30x30 Nature Challenge indicate being active or relaxing in nature can improve perceptions of physical and mental health, reduce stress, and increase positive mood and vitality. Research on the consequences of disconnection from nature, and the importance of regular nature contact, are discussed in terms of the implications for educators, policy makers, and health care providers.


Affiliation: Trent University, Canada



Presenter: Sander van der Linden (United Kingdom)

Title: Saving the planet because it feels good: The role of warm-glow in shaping green behavior

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Abstract: Policies often rely on extrinsic economic incentives. Behavioral research suggests that external incentives are costly, difficult to maintain, and can undermine people’s intrinsic motivation to help. Accordingly, it is pivotal to gain a better understanding of the intrinsic motivational factors that lead people to help the environment in the long-term. A case is made for a much stronger consideration of the role of intrinsic human motivation in policy-making and design, and to encourage the use of extrinsic incentives that do not undermine people’s self-determined motivation to help the environment. I will draw on a series of different studies that rely on complementary methodologies, from quasi-field experiments using objective energy consumption (behavioral measures) to controlled laboratory studies to longitudinal panel data. Various analyses were conducted, from interrupted time-series analysis (visualizing behavioral trends) to structural equation modelling (SEM) and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for experimental design. Results show a complex relationship between norms and behavior. Intrinsic motivation consistently relates to sustainable behavior but is difficult to cultivate, especially for high-impact behavior changes. The role of intrinsic motivation has been severely neglected in policy-making compared to the use of extrinsic incentives. In comparison, intrinsically-motivated sustainable behavior can sustain itself at low cost but is more difficult to promote and cultivate. In several studies I highlight the potential of intrinsic motivation to shape pro-environmental behavior.


Affiliation: Sander van der Linden, University of Cambridge, UK