Focus of Lecture: Coping with Stress and Adversity Using Positive Psychological Resources: Effects of Resilience, Future Orientation, and Social Support
Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine
Abstract: Psychological resources—goals, resilience, future orientation, and social-support—buffer the deleterious effects of stress and are predictors of psychological health-related outcomes. In this symposium, we aim to broaden our understanding of the effects of psychological resources in terms of five aspects: Sonia Lippke will address the role of goals in health-related behavioral change and social participation, Nancy Yu will discuss the function of resilience and vulnerability among bereaved spouses, Brian Hall will examine the protective role of social support in the association between lifetime trauma exposure and PTSD symptom severity, Lei Zheng will report the inoculative role of future orientation to regulate future emotions in Trier social stress test, Yiqun Gan will elaborate on the genetic bases of future orientation and resilience, and Ralf Schwarzer will be the discussant of this symposium. Epidemiological, longitudinal, experimental, and candidate gene approaches will be adopted to explore these issues using self-report, behavioral, and physiological measures, which represent the interdisciplinary and most up-to-date research topics and approaches in the field.
Bio: Yiqun Gan is a professor at School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, China. She received her Ph.D. from the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1998. She has published over 90 research papers as the first or corresponding author, and her papers are published in top international journals such as Journal of Personality and Health Psychology. She has been the principle investigator of a number of research projects funded by the National Science Foundation of China. She was invited to present as a Transversal Keynote Speaker at the International Congress of Applied Psychology in 2014, and to convene an Invited Symposium at the International Congress of Psychology in 2012. She currently serves as an associate editor in Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, as well as an editorial board member of Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being, and Stress and Health. Her research on future orientation and resilience has embraced numerous state-of-the-art techniques such as laboratory experiments, molecular genetics, physiological indexes, eye tracking, and ERP. She has been awarded the title of “Recognized Psychologist” by the Chinese Psychological Society in 2016.
Affiliation: Peking University, Beijing
Focus of Lecture: International Perspectives on Language and Literacy Development of Struggling Readers: From Research to Practice
Nominating Division/Section: Education and School Psychology Section
Symposium Summary: This symposium brings together an international group of researchers whose work focuses on struggling readers in diverse geographical and educational contexts. Relevant to researchers and school psychologists alike, the issues addressed include: What are the sources of word reading and reading comprehension difficulties? Are these difficulties language/orthography specific? Can one distinguish difficulties associated with deprivation or lack of proficiency in the L2 from difficulties associated with a learning disability (LD)? Can one reliably identify LD in the L2? How early can these difficulties be identified and treated? Can we identify principles of early assessment, prevention, and intervention that are generalizable across contexts and orthographies? Shany’s work with Hebrew speakers shows that poor comprehenders with poor accuracy or poor fluency differ significantly in their reading comprehension profiles. In her work in rural Colombia Ramirez demonstrates that not all spelling errors are made equal, and that the nature of Spanish spelling errors is different for disadvantaged and dyslexic children. Genesee et al demonstrate how early performance in English (the L1) can predict subsequent difficulties in French (L2) of children attending French Immersion programs in Canada. Relatedly, in her work with immigrant children to Canada (ELLs), Geva and colleagues show that already in grade 2, distinct combinations of cognitive, linguistic and basic reading profiles of ELLs foretell grade 4 sub-group membership. Finally, in work initiated in Finland and implemented in other countries Lyytinen will discuss the efficacy of computerized, carefully calibrated, dynamic assessment tools for early identification and intervention across countries and languages.
Bio: Esther Geva studied in Israel, the US, and Canada. She is a Full Professor in the department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, OISE/University of Toronto, and a licensed psychologist. Esther’s work straddles the broad areas of educational psychology, cross-cultural psychology, and bilingualism. Her research, publications, graduate teaching and supervision relate to: (1) how language and literacy skills develop in children, adolescents and young adults learning to read in a second language (L2); (2) the nature of the relationships between oral language skills and the development of reading and writing skills in L2 learners; (3) transfer issues in L2 literacy development; (4) the contribution of cognitive, linguistic, and background factors to literacy development of typical and atypical L2 learners, (5) approaches to effective intervention with at-risk and vulnerable learners; and (6) cross-cultural psychology pertaining to the well-being of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) learners. Esther published numerous chapters and articles in these areas, has presented her work internationally, and served on various advisory, policy, and review committees in the US and Canada, concerned with CLD, including the National Literacy Panel (NLP). Esther, a Canadian Council on Learning Minerva Scholar, is committed to knowledge mobilization. A book that she co-authored with her colleague, Judy Wiener, Psychological Assessment of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Children was published by Springer in 2015. Another book, co-written with a former student and now a colleague, Gloria Ramirez (2015), Key Concepts for the Language Classroom: Focus on Reading was published in 2015 by Oxford University Press.
Affiliation: Professor, School and Clinical Child Psychology
Department of Applied Psychology & Human Development
OISE/University of Toronto
Maria del Pilar Grazioso & Pragya Sharma
Focus of Lecture: Culture and Psychotherapy
Affiliation: The TAOS Institute Universidad del Valle de Guatemala
Focus of Lecture: Economic Stress and Psychological Factors: Theoretical and Empirical Implications
Affiliation: York University
Focus of Lecture: Improving Access to Mental Health Services via the Internet: Opportunities and Challenges
Nominating Division/Section: Clinical; Psychologists in Hospitals & Health Centres: Rural & Northern
Abstract: Anxiety and depressive disorders are prevalent and disabling conditions that are frequently under-treated. Common barriers to receiving psychological services include limited time and mobility, concerns about privacy, as well as a desire to self-manage symptoms. Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) has significant potential to improve patient access to evidenced-based care and to overcome treatment barriers. In ICBT, patients are typically assessed for suitability or diagnosis in some format (online, telephone, in person) and then if appropriate given access to self-help treatment materials via the Internet. ICBT is often accompanied by therapist support using secure emails or telephone calls, but at times blended with in person sessions. Research trials of ICBT have been very encouraging showing positive symptom improvement that is maintained over time and comparable to face-to-face CBT. Given the promising research findings, teams around the world have been involved in implementing ICBT in routine care. Implementation varies to some extent along a number of dimensions including implementation setting, funding, inclusion/exclusion criteria, screening and assessment procedures, nature of programs, as well as amount and type of therapist support. In this symposium, leaders in ICBT implementation from Australia (Nick Titov), Canada (Heather Hadjistavropoulos), Sweden (Viktor Kaldo), and the Netherlands (Heleen Riper) will describe their involvement/approach to ICBT implementation and also describe findings related to reach and effectiveness. Each presenter will also describe challenges and opportunities related to implementation. The presentations will be followed by a panel discussion during which the presenters will comment on similarities and differences in implementation approaches, reach and effectiveness, challenges and opportunities, including a discussion of potential benefits of international collaboration. The symposium is expected to foster a broader understanding of strategies for optimally implementing ICBT to improve patient access to mental health care.
Bio: Dr. Heather Hadjistavropoulos is a Professor of Psychology and Founder and Director of the Online Therapy Unit (onlinetherapyuser.ca) at the University of Regina. She has led or co-led over 37 research grants (with over $7 million CAD in grant funding) and published and presented widely on the assessment and treatment of anxiety and depression and on initiatives to improve health care delivery (over 140 publications). Since 2010, via the Online Therapy Unit, Dr. Hadjistavropoulos has focussed on researching and improving the reach, adoption, effectiveness, and implementation of internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) in clinical practice. With more than $3 million CAD in funding from granting agencies and government contracts, this unit has: 1) overseen the development of a web application and policies and procedures for the delivery of ICBT; 2) collaborated with international experts to disseminate previously developed ICBT programs; 3) trained over 200 community providers and graduate students on how to use ICBT; and 4) as of Fall 2017, coordinated, monitored and evaluated the delivery of ICBT with over 2500 clients in 12 clinic settings. The Online Therapy Unit is having a substantial impact on mental health care in Saskatchewan and inspiring similar initiatives in other Canadian provinces.
Affiliation: University of Regina
Professor of Psychology & Director, Online Therapy Unit
Certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, CACBT
Focus of Lecture: Career Development Service in the 21st Century
Nominating Division/Section: Counselling
Abstract: Career development issue is a big challenge for university students as well as employees in the 21 century. In this symposium, we aim to explore how to provide better career service to students and employees from diverse background, in order to facilitate their career development to cope with difficulties and challenges. Hsiu-Lan Tien will examine the similarities and differences of career services provided by Beijing Normal University and Taiwan Normal University using ecosystem model. Asami Senoo & Hana Suzuki will discuss how to provide better ways of career education that meets the needs of each individual in the changing Japanese society. Natalee Popadiuk will report the professional mentoring programs for international students in Canada. Laurent Sovet and his colleagues will elaborate the implementation of meaning-centered career intervention among college students within the French context. Jing Ni will address how internet use affects employees’ career development and implications for use internet to help people.
Bio: Zhi-Jin Hou is professor of counseling in the Faculty of Psychology at Beijing Normal University, China. She got her Ph.D. from Chinese University of Hong Kong in 2002. She is now a currently Non-US based chair in the international section of counseling psychology division in APA as well as a Liaison of China in counseling psychology division of IAAP. She is a board member of Clinical and Counseling Psychology committee of Chinese Psychological Society. She is the principle investigator of research project funded by the National Social Science Foundation of China. She was invited to convene an Invited Symposium at the International Congress of Psychology in 2016.
Affiliation: Beijing Normal University
Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela
Focus of Lecture: European psychologists emigrant to Latin America
Nominating Division/Section: Division 18: History of Applied Psychology
Affiliation: Laboratório de História e Memória da Psicologia - Clio-Psyché
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social - UERJ
Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Editora da Seção Clio-Psyché da revista Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia - www.revispsi.uerj.br
Vice-Presidente para a América do Sul da Sociedade Interamericana de Psicologia - https://sipsych.org/about/board-of-directors/
Presidente Eleita da Divisão 18 (History of Psychology) da International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP) http://iaapsy.org/divisions/division18
Focus of Lecture: The Economic Psychology of Rule Compliance in Social Systems
Nominating Division/Section: Economic Psychology
Abstract: In the Symposium "The Economic Psychology of Rule Compliance in Social Systems" five researchers wil present their studies on cooperation in social dilemma situations in general. They will focus predominantly on tax compliance as the result of a decision under risk. Reflections and empirical studies will be presented which test the effect of power measures such as audits and fines in case of non-cooperation, and trust building measures such as personal and social norms, distributive and procedural fairness and social representations of government and cooperation.
Bio: Erich Kirchler graduated in 1979 in psychology and human anthropology at the University of Vienna, Austria, and received his habilitation in psychology in 1989 from the University of Linz, Austria. Since 1992, he is professor of applied psychology (economic psychology) at the Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria. He was invited as guest professor at various European universities (e.g., France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland) and was visiting scholar at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA, and ANU, Canberra, Australia. He received a call for C4-professorship from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, and a call for C4-professorship from the University of Cologne, Germany. His research focuses on money management in the household, expenditures and credit use, tax behaviour and well-being. Most of the 400 scientific publications are dedicated to these research fields. Relevant books are „Wirtschaftspsychologie: Individuen, Gruppen, Märkte, Staat“ (Economic Psychology: Individuals, Groups, Markets, Nation-State) published by Hogrefe, Germany (2011; 4th edition); „Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie“ (Work and Organisational Psychology) published by Facultas, Austria (2011, 3rd edition); „Conflict and Decision Making in Close Relationships“, published by Psychology Press, UK (2001), „The Economic Psychology of Tax Behaviour“, published by Cambridge University Press, UK (2007), and Economic Psychology (with Erik Hoelzl, Cambridge University Press, 2018).
Affiliation: University of Vienna, Austria
Focus of Lecture: The Design of Psychological Treatment: its Mechanisms, its Research Basis and its Efficacy/Effectiveness
Affiliation: Professor & Department Chair, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Focus of Lecture: The next move for Health Psychology in Asia: How theories drive our power into practice
Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine
Affiliation: Professor of Health Psychology
Dean of Graduate School of Humanities and Intercultural Studies Bunka Gakuen University,
Focus of Lecture: Career aspect and interventions for a decent work and/for inclusive society
Nominating Division/Section: Counselling
Affiliation: University of Padova, Italy
Focus of Lecture: Towards understanding and minimising the nocebo response
Nominating Division/Section: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine
Abstract: The nocebo effect is generally defined as the experience of adverse effects from an inert treatment or benign environmental exposure. The high rates of adverse effects caused by the nocebo effect has recently focused attention on interventions to minimize its impact. This symposium presents recent work from five labs around the world studying the nocebo effect. Kate MacKrill from the University of Auckland will present data from a recent study looking at what factors are associated with greater side effect reporting and perceptions of low drug efficacy in over 300 patients switched to a new brand of antidepressant. Rob Horne from University College London will present data from an experimental study showing changes in pain severity and symptomotolgy from a saline solution labelled with either neutral or therapeutic labelling. James Rubin from Kings College, London will present data from a recent double-blind randomised controlled trial showing that how medication side effect-risks are described affects whether people report side-effects after taking a tablet. Michael Witthöft from the University of Mainz, Germany will report on a study that tested whether information on the nocebo effect acted as a cognitive vaccine for idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields. Keith Petrie from the University of Auckland will present new data showing a nocebo intervention with colonoscopy patients reduced the reporting of side effects in patients with high levels of anxiety and baseline symptoms. The discussant for the symposium will be John Weinman from Kings College London.
Bio: Keith Petrie is Professor of Health Psychology at Auckland University Medical School. His research group does work on patients’ perceptions of illness, treatment adherence, as well as the placebo and nocebo response. Keith Petrie and his colleague John Weinman developed the Illness Perception Questionnaire which is widely used in health psychology and medical research. His recent awards include a Fulbright Fellowship, the Gluckman Medal and a Distinguished International Scholar Award from the Health Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association. He has been elected as a Fellow of the Association of Psychological Science and the Academy of Behavioural Medicine Research. In 2015 Professor Petrie was made a Fellow of the Royal Society and was the recipient of the Durie Medal, which is awarded to New Zealand’s pre-eminent social scientist.
Affiliation: University of Auckland, New Zealand
Focus of Lecture: Parenting and Self-Development
Nominating Division/Section: Education, School & Instructional
Symposium Summary and Aims : This session presents research on the role of parents in their children’s development by considering psychological and academic development. Nested in a self-determination perspective, the four presentations examine parent-child interactions that support, or thwart, the satisfaction of children’s psychological needs. Using different methodologies (qualitative, experimental, longitudinal) and sampling children at different developmental stages (toddlers, children, adolescents), the results demonstrate the importance for parents to be autonomy supportive, involved, and structuring, as well as to refrain from putting pressure and coercing their child. These findings will then be discussed by a lead scholar on parenting and children’s academic and emotional development.
Affiliation: Université Laval
Discussant: Eva M. Pomerantz, University of Illinois at Urbana-Campaign, USA
Focus of Lecture: TBD
Nominating Division/Section: Div 8: Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine
Affiliation: University of Aberdeen, UK
Focus of Lecture: Human Action and the Future of Applied Psychology
Nominating Division/Section: Div 16: Counselling
Symposium overview: Human action in its various iterations is the focus of many research questions and practices in psychology generally, including, for example, cognitive science and cultural psychology. The understandings generated in these and other fields of psychology have applications for areas of applied psychology. Conversely, applied psychology because of its grounding in human action can speak directly to complexity that psychology addresses. Human action represents the epitome of the theme of the congress, that is, the thriving partnership between science and practice.
In this symposium, the presenters address human action and action theory as an alternative paradigm that has and will have relevance in a variety of areas of applied psychology.
Catherine Raeff argues for a conceptualization of human action that encompasses the complexity of what people do and identifies human action as the unit of analysis in psychological research, including applied psychological research. The four subsequent presenters discuss the place of human action in specific areas of applied psychology.
Mary Sue Richardson takes the position that human action, particularly the concept of agentic action, is central to the field of vocational psychology. She grounds her argument on changing social structures, social constructionism, and narrative theory all of which contribute to understanding and influencing how people engage in their work lives.
Valérie Cohen-Scali takes the argument about the place human action in vocational psychology a step further by addressing the dialogical and conversation actions of adults in mid-career transition. Her research addresses the functionality of these actions in the process of goal-directed career transition. These actions serve a variety of functions not the least of which is the agency they enact in people’s lives.
José Domene also addresses the joint action between people as a manifestation of human action. In this case, he focuses on the field of relationships, specifically romantic relationships. He reports on current research involving young adults in romantic relationships from the perspective of their joint goal-directed projects.
Ladislav Valach reports on the development and implementation of a suicide prevention procedure that has at its core an understanding of suicide processes as goal-directed action. In this presentation, Dr. Valach extends the understanding of action to include mid-term projects and long-term career and speaks to the merits for research and practice of understanding suicide processes as goal-directed action.
Affiliation: University of British Columbia
Tomasz Zaleskiewicz & Agata Gasiorowska
Focus of Lecture: The Psychological Consequences of Money
Nominating Division/Section: Division 9: Economic Psychology
Abstract: This symposium consists of five papers that capture different psychological aspects of money usage and money attitudes. The research that will be presented shows that money, in addition to its economic functions, also has emotional and social meanings. For example, money can evoke positive and negative feelings, activate innate proclivities and motivations, compensate for the sense of control, and change the norms within interpersonal relations.
The first paper (by Van Raaij & Antonides) focuses on the issue of money usage by households. The authors will provide quantitative information about how couples handle their household finances in terms of information seeking, decision making, making payments, saving, life and financial goals to be achieved, mental budgeting, and degree of consensus in decision making. The next two papers (by Tang & the Money Ethic Research International Team, and by Zhao & Tang) discuss the concepts of love of money and monetary intelligence and show how they are linked to investment behaviors, corruption, entrepreneurship and creativity. Interestingly, both papers will present results that were collected around the world and reveal many cross-cultural effects. The fourth paper (by Kuzminska, Gasiorowska, Zaleskiewicz, & Vohs) will demonstrate how the exposure of money impacts people’s proneness to trust others. The authors will show that being exposed to money increases transaction-oriented trust (related to market mode), but lowers communal trust (related to communal mode and thus conflicting with exchange relationships). Finally, the fifth paper by Kesebir, Zaleskiewicz, & Gasiorowska focuses on the idea of the symbolic value of money. It will show that saving money can buffer death anxiety and constitute a more effective buffer than spending money. The authors found in a series of experiments that saving can relieve future-related anxiety and provide people with a sense of control over their fate, thereby rendering death thoughts less threatening.
Affiliation: Professor of Psychology, Head of the Center for Research in Economic Behavior
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wroclaw Faculty of Psychology
Associate Editor - Journal of Economic Psychology
President Elect, Division of Economic Psychology IAAP - International Association of Applied Psychology
Focus of Lecture: Using psychological science to address environmental sustainability challenges
Nominating Division/Section: Environmental
Bio: Jiaying Zhao is the Canada Research Chair (t2) in Behavioural Sustainability, and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology and the Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability at the University of British Columbia. She received her PhD in cognitive psychology from Princeton University in 2013. She is the principal investigator of the Behavioural Sustainability Lab at UBC. Her research uses psychological principles to design behavioural solutions to address sustainability challenges. Specifically, she examines how resource scarcity impacts human cognition and behaviour and what interventions are effective at alleviating cognitive burdens in the poor; how to reduce water and energy consumption, encourage recycling and composting behavior, promote responsible carsharing behaviour, and engage the public on biodiversity conservation; and how attentional biases drive belief polarization about climate change.
Affiliation: University of British Columbia