CPA/IAAP PAST PRESIDENTS SERIES
Dr. John B. Conway
Keynote: Title TBC
Dr. Kenneth Craig, CPA President 1986-1987
Keynote: Reflections On A Career As A Pain Scientist And Clinician: Valuing The Psychosocial
Abstract: One cannot fail to be alarmed by the serious personal, social, public health and economic challenges posed by inadequately controlled acute and chronic pain, whether working clinically or studying the research literature. Pain is often ignored, unrecognized, underestimated, inadequately assessed and managed, and questioned by others. Working with vulnerable populations, infants and young children, people with intellectual disabilities or cognitive impairment, makes this particularly conspicuous. Systemic problems can be identified, e.g., inadequate resources in the health and social services systems, or faulty health care professional education, but as a psychologist one becomes concerned about our conceptual approach to understanding and controlling pain. The biopsychosocial model is often acknowledged, but, in reality, a narrow biomedical perspective typically overshadows attention to psychological and social determinants of pain. As a clinical psychologist working on multidisciplinary teams, it became clear that attending to the emotional, cognitive, behavioural and social determinants of pain experience, expression and disability provides powerful therapeutic leverage. But, the best evidence for the powerful impact of psychosocial factors comes from careful research examining determinants of exposure to pain, how it is experienced and expressed, and how clinicians, family members and others react to people in pain. Evidence of this is burgeoning; illustrations will demonstrate the importance of socialization of individual differences in pain disability, and the role of self-representation and observer biases and nonverbal communication in understanding pain in. Quality of care provided to the large numbers of people suffering acute and chronic pain is dependent upon attention to psychosocial variables.
Bio: Kenneth D. Craig, O.C., Ph.D., LL.D. (Hon.). Dr. Craig’s research over several decades has focused upon social parameters of pain experience, expression and care delivery, nonverbal communication, and pain assessment in infants, children and people with communication limitations. He has worked extensively with people suffering from chronic pain. He presently is a Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of British Columbia, with his current research supported by CIHR, NIH, and the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research.
Affiliation: University of British Columbia
Dr. Keith Dobson, CPA President 1993-1994
Keynote: Modeling Psychopathology In The Laboratory: How Basic Research Can Validate Clinical Models
Abstract: Clinical psychology rests on models of human behavior and psychopathology. These models can be derived from theory and rational considerations of human experience, inferred from clinical practice and trials, or explored in pseudo and fully experimental paradigms in the laboratory. The current presentation focuses on the clinical issue of depression, and the ways in which laboratory based research have propelled the field of depression. . The genesis of modern models of depression will be briefly reviewed, and some of the major hypotheses associated specifically with the cognitive model of depression will be highlighted. A program a research which has examined basic cognitive processes in the laboratory will be reviewed, and their direct implications for cognitive models of depression will be highlighted. Specifically, research that examined the interaction between cognition and life events, studies of cognitive complexity,and computerized tests of attentional bias will be described and examined as exemplars of this approach to psychopathology. It will be argued that laboratory models, if conducted in a manner that reflects clinical experience and are ecologically valid, have highlighted important mechanisms of change that then can be translated into clinical models of change, and even treatment. Limitations of this approach, and ethical considerations in psychopathology research are also considered.
Bio: Dr. Dobson is a Professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of Calgary in Canada, where he has also served in other roles, including Head of Psychology and Director of the Clinical Psychology program. His research has focused on both cognitive models and mechanisms in depression, and the treatment of depression, particularly using cognitive-behavioural therapies. A current focus of his work is on the prediction and prevention of relapse in depression. Dr. Dobson’s research has resulted in over 250 published articles and 80 chapters, 13 books, and numerous conference and workshop presentations in many countries. In addition to his research in depression, Dr. Dobson has recently been engaged in the examination of psychological approaches and treatments in primary care. This work has resulted in research that is related to the integration of evidence-based treatments in family practice. Further, he has written about developments in professional psychology and ethics, and has been actively involved in organized psychology in Canada, including a term as President of the Canadian Psychological Association. He is a Past-President of both the Academy of Cognitive Therapy, and the International Association for Cognitive Psychotherapy. Dr. Dobson is also a Principal Investigator for the Opening Minds program of the Mental Health Commission of Canada, with a focus on stigma reduction related to mental disorders in the workplace. This work includes evaluations of a number of programs, and spans a variety of types of employers (e.g. police, oil and gas industry, manufacturing, colleges and universities) across Canada. Among other awards, he has been given both the Canadian Psychological Association’s Award for Distinguished Contributions to the Profession of Psychology, and the Donald O. Hebb Award for Distinguished Contributions to the Science of Psychology.
Affiliation: University of Calgary
Dr. Michael Frese, IAAP President 2002-2006
Keynote: How to use science-based theories to develop training concepts for reducing poverty in developing countries
Abstract: Essentially, success in entrepreneurship is driven by active actions (in contrast to being reactive). We use the concept of Personal Initiative (PI) to understand active actions. PI includes behavior that is self-starting, future oriented (thinking of opportunities and problems in the future and preparing for them now), and overcoming barriers/persistence. Empirically, there are good reasons to accept the idea that a higher degree of active performance is related and predictive of entrepreneurial success.
Based on a facet theory of Personal Initiative (Frese & Fay, 2001), we developed an entrepreneurship training that proved to be successful in randomized controlled experiment with micro-entrepreneurs. The training increases success by about 25- 30% one or two years after the training.
The best study so far we did was a randomized controlled treatment in Togo with about 1500 participating entrepreneurs. Three group were studied 5 times across 2 years: Before the intervention, and then 4 times after the intervention. Two different training group were a) a traditional business training, b) a personal initiative training that I had developed and both were compared to a non-training control group. The personal initiative training group developed their profits significantly better than the traditional business training and the control group. This shows that this training can be successful.
Having established the efficacy of PI training, we now have to turn to studying further policy relevant research questions.
- Currently Professor and Head of Dept. Management und Organization, NUS Business School (National University of Singapore) and Professor for Psychology, particularly Entrepreneurship and Innovation, at Leuphana University of Lueneburg
- Earlier appointments, chairs, and long-term visiting professorships: University of Pennsylvania, University of Munich, University of Giessen, University of Amsterdam, London Business School, Markerere University Business School
- Author of approximately 150 scientific articles, 200 book chapters and ca 30 books and edited special issues
- Publications e.g., in SCIENCE, AMJ, JAP, PP, AMLE, JPSP, JBV, ROB, JOB, JVB, JOOP, and APIR
- More than 50 invited keynote addresses at international conferences, and ca 400 scientific talks and colloquia
- Most-cited management scholar in Germany and Asia-Pacific region; among 10 most-cited organizational behavior and entrepreneurship researchers worldwide (h=index 91; ca 36,000 Google citations) (http://scholar.google.com.sg/citations?user=AvzNfqsAAAAJ&hl=en) (WoS: 7400 cites)
- Ranked third in life time publications among German management professors (BWL-Handelsblatt-Rankings 2012, 2014) and among the five most cited economists in Germany (Scopus Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Ranking on Research 2015, 2016, 2017; the German term economist includes management)
- Member of the German National Academy of Sciences (Leopoldina); elected Fellow of the following scientific organizations: Academy of Management, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (APA), International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP), and Association for Psychological Science (APS); President of the International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP) 2002-2006.
- Most important Awards: Best Researcher Awards at NUS Business School and Leuphana University, 2012; 2015 Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award by Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP); Greif Research Impact Award given to researchers who published the most impactful entrepreneurship article six years ago in the top management and entrepreneurship journals (Rauch, Wiklund, Lumpkin & Frese, 2009), Academy of Management, Entrepreneurship Division, August 2015; The 2016 Emerald Africa Academy of Management Trailblazer Award (3rd Biennial Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, January, 2016), 2016 Hogan Award for Personality and Performance (Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Conference, 2016) (Li, Fay, Frese, Harms & Gao in JAP 2014), 2016: Distinguished Career Contributions Award of the German Psychological Association (50. Congress of the German Psychological Association in Leipzig Oct 2016); 2016, Entrepreneurship division career award: The Dedication to Entrepreneurship Award (awarded at The 76th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management - August 5-9, 2016 - Anaheim, California, United States).
- More than 500 talks, research and consulting projects in industry (e.g. for almost every DAX-listed company in Germany; and various companies in Asia, particularly Singapore and Malaysia)
Affiliation: National University of Singapore, Business School and Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Germany
Dr. Michael Knowles, IAAP President 2006-2010
Keynote: Title TBC
Affiliation: Australian Psychological Society
Dr. Catherine Lee, CPA President 2008-2009
Symposium: Offering parenting supports to vulnerable families: Having an evidence-based program is just the first step.
Abstract: Positive parent-child relationships are essential to healthy child development. Decades of research have established that parenting programs based on social learning principles are both efficacious and effective in enhancing the use of positive parenting practices, reducing the use of coercive parenting, improving child adjustment and reducing parent stress. Furthermore, benchmarking studies have established that these programs are transportable to other countries and contexts. Unfortunately, many programs do not reach the parents who most need them: those who are isolated, living in poverty, with few supports. In this symposium we will examine recent advances in our understanding of implementation science with respect to parenting support for vulnerable families. Marie-Hélène Gagné will present data on a partnership model that brought diverse community agencies together to implement an evidence-based parenting program to a large sample of parents, including vulnerable families in Québec, Canada. Cheri Shapiro will describe an example of a US Center of Excellence structured to support local organizations in providing evidence-based parenting and other interventions. Jacquie Brown will describe the work of the Families Foundation based in the Netherlands that works with local organizations in low and middle income countries to promote the implementation of evidence-based parenting support. Divna Haslam will illustrate an example of translational research in this area by describing a pilot study conducted in South Africa on the delivery of parenting support to parents of teens. Key themes in the development of partnerships that permit flexible delivery of supports while retaining the core of the evidence base will be discussed.
Bio: Catherine M. Lee earned a Ph.D. from the University of Western Ontario in 1988. She is a full professor of psychology at the University of Ottawa where she has taught graduate courses in evidence-based services for children and families and an undergraduate course on Clinical Psychology, as well as supervising practicum students and interns at the Centre for Psychological Services and Research. Her research interests focus on family interaction, including maternal depression and child adjustment, balancing work and personal life, fathers’ involvement with their children, and the co-parental relationship. In recent years she has focused on the provision of evidence-based services to promote positive parenting, exploring ways that self-regulation is promoted. Dr. Lee is a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) and the CPA Clinical Psychology Section. She is an ad hoc reviewer for granting agencies and scholarly journals and served on the editorial boards of Canadian Psychology, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review and Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. She is the former chair of the Clinical Psychology Section of the CPA and was President of the CPA in 2008–2009. In her private practice she works with families undergoing diverse stressors and conducts assessments on parents seeking refugee status in Canada. She is a site visitor for the Canadian Psychological Association Accreditation Panel. As an accredited trainer for Triple P International she has worked with indigenous practitioners in Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Ontario.
Affiliation: University of Ottawa
Dr. Wolfgang Linden, CPA President 2014-2015
Keynote: The role of Psychology in heart disease and cancer: Observations on similarities and differences made during a professional lifetime
Subtopics for each disease that will be compared : Patient emotional response; professionals’ response to working with these patients, design problems in tx studies, Effects of psychol tx; effects of risk factor reduction on tertiary prevention; gender differences
Bio: Current Position: Professor in Clinical and Health Psychology, University of British Columbia
1975: Diploma in Clinical Psychology, Muenster University, Germany
1981: Ph.D., Clinical Psychology, McGill University, Montreal
Areas of Expertise: He sees himself as scientist-practitioner and has conducted experimental and clinical studies into mechanisms of disease, clinical trials, and systematic reviews in the following areas: Reduction of Health Risk Behaviors, Treatment of Hypertension, Psychosocial Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Psychological Factors in Cancer Care. He has written over 150 peer-reviewed articles and book chapter and 6 books, including an undergraduate textbook in Clinical Psychology that first appeared in 2011 and was also recently translated and published into Turkish and Chinese. His clinical affiliations included consultancies on the heart transplant team, the Provincial Heart Centre and the BC Cancer Agency. He previously served as board member and president of the BC Psychological Association, and also as President of the Canadian Psychological Association. For over three decades now, he volunteered as an advocate for improved mental health care in British Columbia.
Affiliation: University of British Columbia
Dr. Patrick O’Neill, CPA President 2003-2004
Keynote: Psychology and social responsibility: Some merits and demerits
Many ethics codes in psychology make reference to the discipline's social responsibility. The CPA Code, for instance, has "Responsibility to Society" as one of its four core principles. Both the CPA and the APA Codes refer to international law as a guiding value.
Nevertheless psychology has been found on both sides of controversial issues. Race is a key example. At Ellis Island psychometrists used the skills they had honed with the Army Alpha and Beta tests to guide immigration policies leading to outrageous stereotyping of racial, national, and religious groups (Russian Jews, Irish Catholics).
On the other hand, psychologists were involved in de-segregating schools; the work of Kenneth and Mamie Clark informed the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown versus the Board of Education, which found that separate education is inherently unequal education.
Among other social issues, psychologists have worked for equal marriage (and adoption policies) in both the U.S. and Canada; APA and CPA have taken stands against the death penalty. As a consequence of psychologists' involvement in "enhanced interrogation" at Guantanamo Bay, psychological associations have adopted anti-torture stances in line with international law.
These and other aspects of the interface between psychology and society will be discussed in this talk.
Bio: Pat O'Neill received his Ph.D. from Yale University, studying Community-Clinical Psychology at the Psycho-educational Clinic. He is a professor emeritus at Acadia University, where he taught for thirty years. Pat joined the Committee on Ethics of the Canadian Psychological Association in the 1980s, and has been a member of the COE ever since. He specializes in ethical decision-making. He is the author of two books, Community Consultation with Edison J. Trickett, and Negotiating Consent in Psychotherapy. Through the 1990s he was a member of the Academic Freedom and Tenure Committee of the Canadian Association of University Teachers, ending as Chair. In the 2000s he was invited to join the Panel on Research Ethics which was creating national ethical standards for research in Canada. He was one of the authors of the guidelines for qualitative research in the Tri-Council Policy Statement (TCPS-2). Pat was President of the Canadian Psychological Association in 2003-2004, and is currently a member of the governing Council of the American Psychological Association. Pat was born in Vancouver, was a child care worker in Victoria before studying at the University of Victoria where he got his first degree. He and his partner, Janice Best, live in Wolfville, Nova Scotia.
Affiliation: Professor Emeritus, Acadia University
Dr. James Ogloff, CPA President 2000-2001
Keynote: Title TBC
Affiliation: Swinburne University of Technology
Dr. David Olson, CPA President 1988-1989
Symposium: Cognition and Literacy: The case for a truce in the "reading wars"
Abstract: Second only to learning to speak, learning to read and write has a decisive and dramatic impact on the development of thinking and rationality. It has these important effects through bringing aspects of language into consciousness, subject to analysis and reflection. Just how learning to read and write challenges and engages the cognitive and metacognitive processes is examined by distinguished scientists. from Germany, Great Britain, Israel and Canada.
Renate Valtin, Germany
Peter Brooks, Great Britain
David Scher, Israel
Becky Xi-Chen Bumgardner, Canada
David Olson (Discussant)
Bio: David R. Olson, Past President of the CPA (1988-89), is University Professor Emeritus of the University of Toronto. He is author of some 300 articles and 20 books including “The world on paper” (CUP, 1994) and “The mind on paper” (CUP, 2016). His research on the cognitive development of children focuses primarily on how the awareness of language, sponsored by literacy, affects consciousness of mind and patterns of rationality. He has been awarded three honorary degrees and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.
Affiliation: University of Toronto
Dr. Jose Maria Peiró, IAAP President 2011-2014
Keynote: Employees’ Hedonic and Eudemonic well-being and their performance. Do results matter for professional practice?
Abstract: In this keynote, a critical view of the Happy Productive Worker thesis will be presented and special attention will be paid to the analysis of eudaimonc wellbeing and performance. The presentation will first focus on the conceptualization of well-being and performance. Then, a model will be offered taking into consideration both the results in line with the happy productive worker thesis and the paradoxical ones that do not alling with this model. A review of the existing evidence and the theoretical grounds that support the evidence it will be presented. Moreover, both individual characteristic (.e.g happines orientation of the employees) as well as organizational ones (Human resources practices) will be considered as antecedents of the relationships between wellbeing and performace. Finally, the implications of the scientific evidence based knwoledge for professional practice will be considered and analysed.
Bio: JOSE M. PEIRO. PhD (University of Valencia, 1977). Professor of Work and Organizational Psychology and Director of the Research Institute of Human Resources Psychology (IDOCAL) at the University of Valencia. Member of the Spanish Academy of Psychology. His research focuses mainly on occupational stress and wellbeing at the individual and collective levels. He also studies team and organizational climate and culture and teamwork mediated by Information and Communication technologies. Moreover, he has carried on research on work socialization processes as well as youth labor market entry, unemployment, employability and over qualification. He has published more than 200 articles and book chapters and several books and monographs. Associate Editor of the European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology (1995-2001). He has received the Aristotle 2015 Award from EFPA, the Advanced International Research and Service Award by the International Council of Psychologists (2013), the Life time award of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology (2013) and the ‘José L. Pinillos award to the excellence and Innovation in Psychology’ (2016) by Psicofundación (Spain). Doctor Honoris Causa by the Univeristy of Elx (Spain) and the University Methodista of Sao Paulo (Brasil).
Affiliation: IDOCAL University of Valencia & Ivie
Dr. Daniel Perlman, CPA President 2005-2006
Affiliation: University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Dr. Peter Suedfeld, CPA President 1998-1999
Keynote: Political Psychology: Does Assessment at a Distance Lead to Actionable Forecasts?
Abstract: The assessment of political leaders at a distance is one of the major topics of theoretical political psychology. It is based on various methods of analysis based on documents and speeches, mostly from sources that are open-source or declassified. Theoretical foundations range from depth psychology to cognitive, health, and social psychological constructs, and methods include qualitative theme analyses to computerized word counts. Both personality characteristics and more focused studies of decision-making are assessed. These studies blend into policy and decision forecasting when the assessments move from explaining the past behaviour of the leaders under scrutiny to predicting their future decisions. The translation from theoretical to applied political psychology has problems of data mining and testability, but there have been some notable successes. Both the problems and the outcomes will be reviewed, with suggestions for future research.
Bio: Peter Suedfeld was born in Hungary and educated mostly in the United States, receiving his PhD in experimental psychology from Princeton University. He has taught at the University of Illinois and Rutgers University before moving to the University of British Columbia, where he is now Dean Emeritus of Graduate Studies and Professor Emeritus of Psychology. His primary research focus is human behaviour during and after challenging, dangerous, or traumatic situations, including work in polar and space environments, surviving genocide, and making high-level decisions under stress. He is a Life Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a full Member of the International Academy of Astronautics, and among other honours has received the CPA's Gold Medal for Lifetime Achievement, the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal, and the Canadian Polar Medal.
Affiliation: University of British Columbia